Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Rawls Theory of Justice - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
John Rawls was an American philosopher (February 21, 1921 - November 24, 2002), he wrote one of the most famous books in the 1971 also it widely reading of political philosopher and this book is a Theory of justices in this book Rawls tries to address the real meaning of distributive justice through the classical philosopher model of social contract and other philosopher tries to do this is Kant…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.4% of users find it useful
Rawls Theory of Justice
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Rawls Theory of Justice"

Download file to see previous pages Furthermore, in the theory of justice Rawls attempts to resolve the utilitarian and deontological approach to ethics by arguing with the Kantian social contract model. However, Rawls recognized that the justice as fairness is based in the Kant's notion of autonomy. Rawls goes further and explain theory of justice as the original position principle where the justice based in the veiled ignorance, according to Rawls "no one knows his place in society his class position or social status" (Rawls, 1999 (ed), p.118).
In the theory of justice Rawls support the element of the Kantian social contract philosophy, Rawls does agree with Kant's ideal of cosmopolitan constitution in term of cosmopolitan theory of justice. This essay will answer the question by critically evaluate Rawls' theory in relation to the cosmopolitan theory of justice, first of all I have to evaluate the core elements of Rawls' theory of justice and than I have to analyses these elements with leading to the cosmopolitan justice theory ( Rawls, translated by Michelle kosch 2007).
In the theory of justice Rawls consider the liberty and the different principle which it change of the classical model of the social contract by explain the social inequality within a distributive veil of ignorance. Rawls in the veal of ignorance tries to explain that the individual in the society have a system of equality. Accordingly, Rawls says that each person have an equal right to the most general proposal of equal basic liberties compatible with similar rights of liberties of others (Rawls, 1999 (ed) p.53). Moreover, these basic principles are absolute and cannot be violated, an example of these right freedom from arbitrary arrest and the freedom of speech (Rawls, 1999 (ed), p.53).
However, Kant's theory of social contract is based by his emphasis of innate morality, Rawls acknowledge difference and social inequality as compatible within the "justice" paradigm. For example in the term of the inequality distribution Rawls says that inequality is only acceptable in the theory of justice under the second principle. This undermines the Kantian ideas of the cosmopolitan system of justice which based in an innate moral propensity towards democracy as a result of the human intellectual independence. In theory of the rationale for being human Kant's suggests that it is the interrelationship between intellectual independence and morality this considers be that is central to concepts of democracy.
In this point, there will be social inequality, Rawls goes further to justify this in his theory of justice model on the grounds that the social differences are acceptable if they are the maximum benefits to the least advantaged members of the society (Rawls, 1999, (eds) p.84) . Rawls goes further and suggests that there can be unequal basic rights in proof of fixed natural characteristics. According to Rawls " if say, men are favoured in the assignment of basic rights, this inequality is justified by the difference principle.only if it is to the advantage of women and acceptable from their standpoint"(Rawls, 1999, (eds) (p.85). However, the difference principle makes it clear that Rawls denouncement of the cosmopolitan justice principle, his argument appears to be inherently flawed in effectively sanctioning discrimination on subjective grounds. Furthermore, there is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Rawls Theory of Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Rawls Theory of Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Rawls Theory of Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Rawls Theory of Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Rawls Theory of Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Rawls Theory of Justice

Michael Sandel's critique of John Rawls' Theory of Justice

...? Michael Sandel's critique of John Rawls' Theory of Justice Sandel’s thoughts on Liberalism and the Limits of Justice are the most comprehensive and extensive critique of John Rawls’s Theory of Justice. Sandel has a good understanding of Rawls’s views and therefore his analysis of the theory of justice is thorough with the challenges it poses on political philosophy. Michaels challenge is not perfect and it also has errors, his critique of Rawls is not as wrong as he assumes. He claims that Rawls theory is weak for presupposing an already existing community whose values and concerns are inherent in individuals reasoning therefore Rawls cannot claim that his principles of justice are a result of serious thought by independent individuals...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

The similarities, and differences, between the philosophies of John Rawls Theory of Justice, Adam Smith Theory for Moral Sent

In the end what we have in Gates creative capitalism is an extrapolation of earlier theories, customized and set to the more practical tune of direct intervention and redistribution. Rawls and Gates’ in the Looking Glass Bill Gates and creative capitalism in relationship to Rawls’ Theory of Justice provides the basis for comparison between pure social theory and practical application. Not that the two always coincide, and certainly not that either necessarily agrees with the other implicitly. Yet both Shaw and Barry put forth the proposition that Rawls’ ideas [like those of Gates] ‘touch a responsive chord” (Shaw and Barry:128). Rawls’ concept of society “as a cooperative venture” (Shaw and Barry 129) resonate throughout Gates 20...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls

...?A Theory of Justice The nature of justice has been considered since at least Greek antiquity. Philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle contributed significantly to this area of investigation. Throughout the centuries other thinkers have added insights. Notably, John Stuart Mille advanced the notion of utilitarianism where the proper approach is to advance one’s happiness, while refraining from doing harm. Emmanuel Kant considered the categorical imperative wherein one should only engage in actions as long as they could be extended to all members of society. John Rawls, in his Theory of Justice, proposed the idea of the veil of ignorance. The corollary of this approach is that, “ one knows his place in society, his class position...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Rawls A theory of Justice

...Rawl's, A theory of Justice Equality of opportunity provides individuals to compete against each other on equivalent terms to achieve their place in a social setup. Compared to caste system where the assumption is that society contains hierarchy, and superior and inferior status is determined by birth, equality of opportunity is a unique theory, which promises competition on equal terms. Rawls's in his book A Theory of Justice has constructed a hypothetical theory which is system based on equality that he calls "Justice as Fairness". Rawls's social theory discusses the role of institutions in a society, which aggravate bitterness creating isolation. He questions, is there any system to arrange society, which can keep these issues within...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Justice Rights and the State: Rawls Theory of Justice

...Leading ethical philosopher Rawls’ “Theory of Justice” (1971) is an undertaking to address the concept of distributive justice through the ic philosophical model of the social contract as propounded by Kant. However, Rawls challenges pre-existing theorem and goes further in hypothesising the justice theory under the aegis of “Justice as Fairness” (1999 (Ed) p.289). The “Justice as Fairness2 hypothesis further derives the following Rawlsian principles of justice: 1) The liberty principle; and 2) The difference principle (Rawls, 1999 (ed) p.65). Moreover, Rawlstheory of justice attempts to reconcile the utilitarian and deontological approach to ethics by arguing with regard to the Kantian social contract model. However, whilst Rawls...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

John Rawls' Theory of Justice

... & Number: John Rawls Theory of Justice (Moral Decision Making) 10 August (word count - 334) John Rawls had his theory of justice based on the concept of a social contract. Social contract is an intellectual or philosophical construct in which originally free individuals agree to give up some of their natural rights in favor of a social system or a political organization. It will help the individuals being governed to live in a society that is bound by common laws for the protection and benefit of each individual. Each individual therefore agrees to be bound by commonly-accepted rules and conventions in the society in return for protection from all harm and violence normally present in a society of human beings. This social contract...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Bandura's Philosophy Theory

His memories are an accumulation of yesterdays. In yesterday's are written his dealings to others and to himself. He finds life more meaningful in the lives of others. His reason for living is to serve others because he learns more of himself by dealing, relating with and loving others. Hence his motto in life is: “Do to others what he wants others to do to him.”

Bandura’s theory confirms the reality of the experience. A man needs mirroring of others to tell him whether what he is doing is fine or not. The wife is the best critic of the husband and vice versa. This is what makes marriage a wonderful ground for discovery for the two is made into one yet uniqueness of each is still there.

7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Approaches to Questions of Justice

Cosmopolitan/Communitarian divide relates to a dispute on whether or not the state or the species stand in for the limit of human society. In Campbell’s distinguished definition, he explained justice as “like the pre-original, anarchic relation to the other, and akin to the undecidable. It represents the domain of the impossible and the unrepresentable that lies outside and beyond the limit of the possible and the representable.” (1994, p. 472)

In general, there are two contrasting positions in understanding international justice and intervention. In its universal sense, the two perspectives can be distinguished as a particularist and universalist. One perceives in a state-centric manner while the othe...
7 Pages(1750 words)Literature review

International Trade Theory

 Further to this, it is also believed that international trade can bring substantial economic welfare to the countries however still most of the countries do not view it as a favorable thing. Despite having a very promising and bright outlook, international trade has been largely viewed with suspension and it is because of this that governments impose barriers to restrict international trade. There can be many reasons behind this act of imposing restrictions or blocking international trade however there are also benefits on the other side too.

International trade has driven the attention of many of the brilliant minds in economics therefore the origins of the economic theory on international trade owe much to the c...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Social Theory in a Globalizing Age

A comparison between the followers of social theories and the followers of natural sciences (physics and chemistry) revealed that unlike followers of natural sciences social theorists don’t use any techniques to show the exact knowledge or skill. Instead, they prove their work or idea by suggesting a possible way of explaining the facts or arguments usually called hypotheses (Lemert, 2004).
By hypotheses, social theorists cannot easily prove their argument at a time but they require time to prove it. Social theorists are normally criticized for using the hypotheses. Deconstructionists or postmodernists, rigidly critical theorists, disagree with the criticism by mentioning that any research methodology is not 100% pure a...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice

...Overview of Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice Luke 4:16-21 The foundation moment in Christian preaching is written in Luke4:16-21, when Jesus went into the synagogue in Nazareth and stood up to read the scroll of the prophet Isaiah “and he begun by saying to them, ‘today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing’”. (Luke 4:21) Upon the ripening of time, Jesus stood at that moment as the prophetic speaker proclaiming God’s scriptural Word, declaring the fulfillment of the prophecy in Isaiah in his person. He spoke in revelation of the fulfillment of written words to a congregation, laying down the foundation of Christian preaching that has since been the basic implement in the sustenance and propagation...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

A Theory of Justice by John Rawls

...1.) In his work, A Theory of Justice (1971), John Rawls posits two principles of justice. Rawls’ first principle of justice is predicated upon liberty. In his first principle, he explains that each individual has an equal right to a comprehensive system of basic liberties that correspond to a similar system for all citizens.1 He argues that each person should have the greatest amount of liberty that is compatible with equal levels of liberty for all people. According to Rawls, the most important commodity is liberty and if an individual lacks the freedom to pursue their idea of the good life, then no other commodities are important.2 Within his framework of liberty, Rawls includes political liberty, freedom of speech and assembly, liberty...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Free Cash Flows Theory

These are not hard and fast rules in determining the capital structure which should best affect a firms value. These theories lay down the benefits and the costs when a firm chooses what it sees as an adequate mix to maximise the shareholders value.

One of the implications where this research can lead include the possibility of the effectiveness in maximising shareholder value by employing two or more theories in capital structure decisions. Because these theories are more conditional by nature, probing which combinations when used for capital structure decisions are more effective in arriving at the goal of maximising firm value can be another subject for further research.
The role of capital structure in increasi...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Hybrid Leadership: A Theory of Action

The challenge that is brought upon us by the status quo is a function of many factors. The budget is among them. Instruction quality is both a result and a contributor—and many more. Nevertheless, not all factors are immutable. There are still some that may be manipulated to produce a better outcome. We will do so through effective educational leadership.

It is best to start by evaluating the leadership practices we are employing all these years. As we favor the Kaizen philosophy, this is an opportune time to revisit our former approach to leadership then compare it with today’s practices and procedures with a rethink of our leadership styles so as to equip our organization with what it needs to move forward...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Identification of problems in the Criminal Justice System of the US

They are on trial and will be dealt with fairly. These laws ensure that no one, even if he or she has committed a crime is abused or punished cruelly.
Following the history of civilization like in china, we see the traces of systems for Criminal justice in order to provide safety for the citizens. Evolving through the years laws have been modified and changed to form the system that we know today.
 From its start, the “U.S. criminal justice system” has advocated the idea of “checks and balances”. To avoid dictatorial rule, the people who founded this system in such a way that one person was not given control or authority completely to punish the criminals. The idea of assigning a ‘jury...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Management Theory and Practice in the Early Childhood Education Industry

... enough to the needs of young children. This could be the cause of plenty of frustration and also impact upon their actual work performance because those rules and regulations tend to limit them. Yet another demotivating factor is the “glass ceiling” that these individuals come up against, especially if they are women (Osgood and Halsall, 2007). Applying Henri Fayol’s classical theory of management, some of the principles which would apply in the context of motivating employees in the early childhood education field would include (a) equity (b) initiative and (c) esprit de corps (Fayol, 1949). The first means that a combination of kindliness and justice must be shown to the employees (b) they must be encouraged to demonstrate initiative...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Rawls Theory of Justice for FREE!

Contact Us