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Reciprocal Teaching - Essay Example

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Reciprocal teaching involves changing places or positions between the student and the teacher. It can be described as somewhat similar to role-playing. Interaction and communication between the student and the teacher is necessary in order to successfully facilitate this reading strategy…
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Reciprocal Teaching
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Download file to see previous pages Reciprocal teaching has two major features: instruction and practice of the four comprehension strategies-predicting, question generating, clarifying, and summarizing and a special kind of cognitive apprenticeship where students gradually learn to assume the role of teacher in helping their peers construct meaning from text.
Much of schoolwork at al educational levels is mental in nature. Children in 6th grade class belong to the stage of development called late childhood. In this stage, children already prefer books and children's magazines tat stress adventure and in which they may read a heroic person with whom they can identify.
Students at this level are at Piaget's stage of concrete operations in thinking, a time when the vague and nebulous concepts of early childhood become specific and concrete. Children associate new meanings with old concepts on the basis of what they learn in school. As children read textbooks in schools and consult encyclopedias and other sources of information, they not only learn new meanings for old concepts but they also correct faulty meanings associated with old concepts.
Because older children's experiences are more varied than those of preschoolers, it is understandable that their concepts change in different directions and become increasingly more varied. However, certain concepts are commonly found among older children in the American culture today.
The reciprocal teaching strategy is very much applicable for children in 6th grade level because they have already develop understanding and have already build up their vocabulary and reciprocal teaching can be done in groups and group belonging is an interest developed in late childhood.
With increased interest in group belonging comes an increased interest in desire to communicate with group members. Children soon learn that meaningful communication cannot be achieved unless they understand the meaning of what others are saying to them. This provides the necessary incentive to improve their comprehension.
Improved comprehension and prediction are also aided by training concentration in school. Throughout late childhood, children's general vocabularies grow by leaps and bounds. From their studies in school, their reading, their conversations with other, they build up vocabularies which they use in their speech, writing and comprehension.
Describe how you would apply the strategy with you 6th grade reading class.
First, I will select a well-structured text selection for the exercise then distribute the copies of the selection to the class. I would choose a poem or short piece of fiction or nonfiction that I have annotated that models all four strategies of Reciprocal Teaching. It is advisable to start with very short pieces of literature or short sections of a larger work (a chapter or section of a novel, biography, etc.). This will allow my students to practice and hone their skills before moving on to longer readings.
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