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Freud - Essay Example

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I have often felt as though I had inherited all the defiance and all the passions with which our ancestors defended their Temple and could gladly sacrifice my life for one great moment in history. And at the same time I always felt so helpless and incapable of expressing these ardent passions even by a word or a poem.
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Freud
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Download file to see previous pages He believed irrespective of whether the behavior is normal or abnormal, it has its influence from the psychological motives, which are often unconscious. This belief of Freud is called as psychic determinism. These theoretical words help in the explanation of what is called as "Freudian slip".
The later work of Freud emphasized that the psyche was divided into three parts and they are the Id, Ego and the Superego. The unconscious Id represents itself as the primary process of thinking of a person's most basic necessities satisfaction type of thoughts. The word Id thus represents the most common and essential needs to be addressed by a person. In the case of Superego there rests socially induced conscience that has been counteracted by the Id on the grounds of moral and ethical conduct. Thus, Freud presented that the Superego of the person many a times counteracts the basic necessities that are required to be addressed. Freud addressed the superego as the unconscious and the ego as a largely conscious state of mind. He had advocated that the ego stands in between the id and the superego in order to balance the two i.e. superego and the id. Thus, a balance of the most primitive needs and the moral/ethical beliefs is being achieved by the in-between penetrative presence of ego. Freud believes that a healthy ego shall help provide the ability by virtue of which one can successfully adapt with the outside environment in a manner that holds the identity of both the id and the superego. Freud especially held the focus of his attention to the study and research on the dynamic relationship that exists between the id, ego and superego. He held special attention to the manner in which the three entered into a conflict.
We would now like to throw some essential light on the work of Plato and Socrates. Plato was a Greek Philosopher and was a student of Socrates. He was the founder of the Academy in Athens, where Aristotle was a student. Under the guidance of Socrates, Plato wrote philosophical views. He had contributed to the world of knowledge a very precious collection of manuscripts. The Plato's writings present themselves with debates as related to the best possible form of government. Plato had also held the focus of his writings on several other subjects. The central theme of Plato's work has been a conflict that exists between the nature and convention. This is related to the role of heredity and the environment on the intelligence and personality of humans.
The more the pleasures of the body fade away, the greater to me is the pleasure and charm of conversation.
-Plato, Greek philosopher, The Republic, 4th century BC

What progress we are making. In the Middle Ages they would have burned me. Now they are content with burning my books.
-Sigmund Freud
Thus, the debate as presented rested on the platform of nature versus nurture. We can notice here that Plato and Socrates have placed ethics upon reason. They have marked the essential practice of following the good as ethical and thus essential. However, the ethics have been excluded from the Freud's conception of the superego, ego and Id description. Thus, the point that some people will not confirm to some actions can be due to their realization of them being ethically wrong.
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