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The Lacanian Subject by Bruce Fink - Book Report/Review Example

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Bruce Fink, a professor of psychology has retraced the subjectivity of Jacques-Marie-mile Lacan, one of the leading French psychoanalysts of the 1960's and 1970's in his book "The Lacanian Subject": Between Language and Jouissance. Contrary to the idea of most of the post-structuralists of the time who saw Lacan's theory as a 'death of the subject', Fink asserted otherwise…
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The Lacanian Subject by Bruce Fink
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Download file to see previous pages The author has put forward a comprehensive analysis of the unconscious, language, alienation and separation, jouissance, the other's desire, distinction between the sexes and the ethics of psychoanalysis as explored by Lacan. One of the rare Americans to have taken training in the Lacan's school in Paris, Fink presented the theory of Lacanian subjectivity extremely well in his book "The Lacanian Subject."
Fink re-introduced the subject of Lacan's subjectivity for the readers. He gradually moves into the details of how Lacan forms the idea of subject and finally resulting in psychosis. Here the author has dealt with Lacan's clinical theories (Fink, 79).
The author begins Lacan's theory of subjectivity with an elaborative analysis of the structure of the language and its relation to the other. This he maintains was the core chief idea of Lacan's theory of subjectivity. Lacan who was referred to as a structuralist in the 1970's and 1980's did not deal with the problematic of subjectivity. But in later years, the concept of subjectivity became the main idea of his works and seminars.
The author affirms that Lacan's idea of the subject was based on the relation of one signifier with another signifier. He begins with the significance of the concept of 'otherness' which is completely alienated from the unspecified object.

The author delves into what Lacan described as the slip of the tongue to describe the phenomenon of otherness and its alienation from language. Here the author talks of a patient who utters schnob instead of job. This example is given to show that language or discourse is not related to a single or particular aspect only. A slip of the tongue signifies that, more than two discourses can be used at the same time by the speaker. Here the author talks of two types of discourses, one that is intentional and the other that is unintentional. The intentional discourse refers to the words, the speaker wanted to say, whereas the unintentional discourse would be the disjointed word. Two different kinds of discourses refer to two different kinds of talk. Here the author speaks of the ego talk and the other kind of talk.

Ego talk is the words we express consciously. Juxtaposed with the ego talk, Lacan puts forward the importance of the other kind of talk. Lacan's theory of psychoanalysis stems from this other kind of talk. By this Lacan meant, as Fink maintains that the unintentional words that are uttered incoherently flow from the other place or agency. This other place is completely different from the ego. Here we find Lacan echoing the idea of unconscious as presented by Freud. The other place or agency or state had been unequivocally described by Freud as the unconscious (Sigmund Freud, "The Structure of the Unconscious", 1961). Lacan described this unconscious as the other type of discourse. This other type of discourse is alien to the conscious mind or the ego, which every human being is aware of.
The other type of discourse which in Lacan's words is the 'unconscious', is foreign to the ego. A child is born into a discourse. His parents speak about the as a new member of the family. The words they utter form that other linguistic discourse which Lacan spoke of in great detail. This collection of words and expressions remain in the mould the unconscious of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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