Nobody downloaded yet

Politeness systems: culture specific or universals - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
What do we mean by 'politeness' Using examples drawn from specific languages, discuss the extent to which the politeness systems of different cultures reflect politeness universals, and the extent to which they are culture-specific.
In the diverse world we live in , as human beings we try to refine ourselves through our behavior…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
Politeness systems: culture specific or universals
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Politeness systems: culture specific or universals"

Download file to see previous pages In order to give ourselves a more clearer picture of politeness, we have to address the possible functions of politeness which is to lessen friction and to enhance rapport (Fraser). In addition to this, there are several main characteristics which belong to politeness and they are as follows : verbal versus non-verbal, learned behavior, voluntary, specific forms culture-dependent, one's own politeness which in turn leads to the formation of expectations
According to my research, one can be taught to be polite which is a learned behavior. You see this in one's daily life. Mom teaches Tommy to behave properly in public saying 'thank you' and 'please' when needed. In verbal versus non-verbal, we nod our heads as approval if we like something usually. And then there is politeness which leads to expectations such as when one is polite one hopes that something might be in their favor. For example, my dad was extra polite today, maybe I could ask him now for those extra pair of shoes that I needed.
One of the more common definitions of politeness is "the practical application of good manners and etiquette. It is a culturally defined phenomenon, and what is considered polite in one culture can be quite often rude or simply strange in another (Bierce)."
through invitation. ...
And then there is politeness which leads to expectations such as when one is polite one hopes that something might be in their favor. For example, my dad was extra polite today, maybe I could ask him now for those extra pair of shoes that I needed.
The author Thomas delves in the five main corners in his works which are :
*politeness as a real-world goal
*politeness as deference
*politeness as formality
"You are invited to the annual ballroom dance ,please be prompt and make the necessary adjustments (formal attire required for entry)."
*politeness as linguistic form
"Honey, would you be kind enough to do the dishes tonight"
*politeness as a pragmatic phenomenon
Here we pay attention to the social aspects of this phenomena which requires a degree of solidarity between its speakers and its relative power of the speakers(Bierce).
One of the more common definitions of politeness is "the practical application of good manners and etiquette. It is a culturally defined phenomenon, and what is considered polite in one culture can be quite often rude or simply strange in another (Bierce)."
Every culture has its own definition of what it considers polite and what it considers impolite.
In the United States for example, it is polite to ask someone over for dinner by a phone call or
through invitation. However, in more Eastern societies such has India or Pakistan, people just come over without any invitation because that is the polite thing to do. "While the goal of politeness is to make the parties relaxed and comfortable with one another, these culturally defined standards at times may be manipulated to inflict shame on a designated party(Bierce)."
In the United States when you come over ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Politeness systems: culture specific or universals Essay”, n.d.)
Politeness systems: culture specific or universals Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526127-politeness-systems-culture-specific-or-universals
(Politeness Systems: Culture Specific or Universals Essay)
Politeness Systems: Culture Specific or Universals Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526127-politeness-systems-culture-specific-or-universals.
“Politeness Systems: Culture Specific or Universals Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526127-politeness-systems-culture-specific-or-universals.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Politeness systems: culture specific or universals

Definition of Cultural Universals

...of artistic expression and leisure of people in a certain culture. Unique movements in different societies characterize dance, which is a leisure activity and offers the dancer good exercise. Dance as a Cultural Universal Being classified as a cultural universal, dance is therefore considered an essential part of a human’s culture. According to Kornelly, each dance movement from a society says something about that society (68). When studying dance, an anthropologist will seek to recognize the movement system that directs the structure, form, and style of how the body moves in time and space. Anthropologists of dance...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

A specific foreign culture

...?Oenga English Dec.10, The Interpersonal Communication within the African Kisii Culture The paper seeks to explore and describe the African Kisii culture in detail and tackle more specifically the communication system between persons in the very nature and context of African culture. In addition, it will want to know different communication systems that were diploid in the past and present and how different they are from the American culture. And finally, apart from giving the summary and the conclusion of the findings, the research paper will again describe some peculiar/new aspects within African Kisii culture and why they are emerging in relation to interpersonal communication. That is to say that the paper will brief us on how... is here...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

David Armstrong, 'Universals as Attributes' from Universals: An Opinionated Introduction

...Paper Argument against David Armstrong’s ‘Universals as Attributes’ from “Universals: An Opinionated Introduction” David Armstrong’s Universals as Attributes hold a proposition that the universe exists and that once this postulate is accepted the proposition that they may have varying attributes at certain degrees. For instance, colors represent different attributes and order (Armstrong 105). Pautz theory examines the resemblance of substances in the universe according to their common properties or attributes. He came up with an analysis that two ordinary and first order substances can resemble exactly the same. As elements of particulars resemble closer...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Politeness Theory

...their opposition. Fukada and Asato (2002) examine some of the criticism that have been proposed on the theory, among the predominant themes on which opposition is based is the accusation that the model was only applicable in Anglo Saxon cultural space and it does not allow for universality suggested by its entomology (Wierzbicka, 1985). Matsumoto, a Japanese linguist specifically addresses the incongruity that exists between Japanese culture and the theory to object to the theory’s universality. She emphasizes the unique nature of Japanese politeness which is deeply entrenched in the language system, and contends that...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Politeness

...? Politeness Politeness de s how individuals demonstrate regard for one another’s public self image. It is an important element in the social order and human cooperation. Any theory that attempts to explain politeness must be grounded in the fundamentals of human social life. Attempts at understanding politeness embody universal principles that guide human interaction. The universality cuts across different groups and societies irrespective of their distance from one another, or the complexity of their economic and social life. Politeness varies between cultures, groups and situations, especially in its...
18 Pages(4500 words)Assignment

Aristotelian Universals and Platonic Universals

...Compare and Evaluate Aristotelian Universals and Platonic Universals A universal, according to metaphysics, is the common aspects among particular things in the world. With our common rationality, we term these aspects as features, characteristics or qualities. Philosophically, if we attempt to define a universal or universals, they can said to be recurrent or repeatable entities, which can be exemplified by different types of particular aspects. Let us imagine that there are two brown tables in a room. Both the tables have the quality of 'brownness' and according to the Metaphysical philosophers, both these tables share a universal, that...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Politeness and Intercultural Communication

...Politeness and Intercultural Communication The culture of politeness with regard to professionalism is extremely different between the corporate setting of the United States and the Japanese or Indonesian setting. The American way of doing business relies more on direct verbal communication and sees things more on content. American culture usually sees communication on first impressions alone. On the contrary, Oriental cultural communications, like the Japanese and Indonesians, have a different approach compared to the manner done in the United States. Japanese and Indonesian communication culture is more indirect and implied. Much...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Women and Cultural Universals

...% of parliamentarians were women, meaning that passing legislations that would favor them proves more difficult (Nussbaum, 304). This translates to the justice system being not so favorable for women. I agree with this argument because, most legislations have been detrimental to the functionality and achievements of women, by placing the traditional family and domestic roles upon them, thus failing to release them to obtain education and political orientation, which could help them to advance in the society. Works cited Nussbaum, Martha. “Women and cultural universals”. Sex and Social Justice, 1999. 302-324. Print.... , 319). Author’s main argument The central argument of the author of the article is that; culture has...
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review

The Specific American Culture

...The Specific American Culture Introduction In learning the American culture several aspects need to be considered. The Ethnographic Project involved a participation observation that will give an insight on the American culture with a choice of a specific population to carry out the project. A conclusion of the result will be based on the result of the observation which will reflect a culture that is exhibited by a larger population among the American population. The aim of the research is to ascertain the specific American culture that distinct them from the rest of the population. The cultural aspect is more than the way of life us it involves the very details of one’s life and influence in the cultural perspective. Methodology... The...
3 Pages(750 words)Admission/Application Essay

Politeness theory

...universal (meaning it appears in all the cultures of the world), there are certain specific meanings or nuances involved in each type of culture where language is used. While kinesics is admittedly an important emerging field of study for sociologists, highly-evolved societies employ a variety of means to convey messages in a way that kinesics cannot. People in all cultures value the importance of a positive self-image as a way to structure the hierarchy in a society that in turn helps people to maintain harmony. Discussion When people interact with each other, it is the spoken word that is primarily used to aid in conveying a message but this process...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Politeness systems: culture specific or universals for FREE!

Contact Us