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Chretien de Troyes, Lancelot - Book Report/Review Example

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As a notable French poet, Chrtien de Troyes (c.1170-c.1185) is one of the foremost contributors in the Arthurian legend. His works were largely influenced by popular legend and history as well as his personal relations. With this, he instilled his romances with the ideals of chivalry prevalent in the twelfth century and in light of his attachment with his patroness ("The Columbia Encyclopedia," p.108)…
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Chretien de Troyes, Lancelot
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Download file to see previous pages Literary experts have minimal knowledge regarding the biographical facts pertaining to Chrtien. However, it is reckoned that he was born about the same time that Geoffrey of Monmouth was publishing History of the Kings of Britain (Hamilton). What is considered certain is that Chrtien wrote in Champagne, France during the last half of the twelfth century and that he lived in Troyes as the court of Countess Marie de Champagne, his patroness, between 1160 and 1181 ("Chrtien de Troyes," Wikipedia).
Chrtien was closely associated, perhaps as herald-at-arms, with Countess Marie, daughter of Eleanor de Aquitaine, who eventually became the queen of England in view of her marriage to Henry II. According to studies, it is from his attachment to the Countess that Chrtien's keen interest in court life and love flourished. For him, "The Countess is worth as many queens as a gem is worth of pearls and sards," (Chrtien, "The Knight of the Cart," p.207).
The introduction of Lancelot and his love affair with Guinevere, Arthur's wife, to the Arthurian legend is attributed to Chrtien. It is in Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart that Lancelot's character blossoms into full form (Hamilton). He created the romance at the behest of Countess Marie. With this he openly dedicated Lancelot, The Knight of the Cart to the Countess, "Since my lady of Champagne wishes me to undertake to write a romance, I shall very gladly do so, being so devoted to her service as to do anything in the world for her," (Chrtien, "The Knight of the Cart," p.207).
Unfortunately, he did not finish this work himself. The last thousand lines were said to be completed by Godefroi de Leigni. Based on numerous speculations, Chrtien is said to exhibit a negative attitude towards this poem primarily because he did not approved of its adulterous subject. Some scholars also suggest that Chrtien may have been uninterested in the literary theme his patroness insisted upon him. Instead, he opted to devote more of his time on writing Yvain, the Knight of the Lion. ("Chrtien de Troyes," Wikipedia)
III. Discussion - The Author and His Character
In his work Lancelot, The Knight of the Cart, Chrtien focuses on Lancelot as a major character in the Arthurian legend. The plot concentrates mainly on Guinevere being kidnapped by Meleagant and rescued by Lancelot, who is deeply in love with her. With the mission of liberating Guinevere, Lancelot untiringly proves his love for the Queen as evidenced by his myriad adventures. These marvels and trials revolve around the central theme of Chrtien's masterpiece - Lancelot's love for Guinevere. In Lancelot's character, Chrtien revealed a vital aspect of knighthood, i.e. love. This section focuses on the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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