Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Buddhism' s Success in China - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The numerous belief systems in China followed a generalized pattern, in that they advocated the balance of all things, such as good opposing evil and right against wrong. In addition, these systems usually proposed determinative sets of principles, based on reward or penalty: if one did something wrong, something wrong would happen, whereas abstaining from wrongdoing, one would be rewarded…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Buddhism s Success in China
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Buddhism' s Success in China"

Download file to see previous pages To support this answer, this paper will compare and contrast Buddhism to Confucianism/Legalism and Daoism.
Buddhism was originated in northern India, near the Himalayan Mountains, by Prince Gautama, during the sixth century B.C. Stearns summarized that the system advocated by the prince taught that enlightenment - and therefore contentment and peace in life - was achievable only through abstinence from things that promoted misery, such as sensations, perceptions, thinking, reasoning and desire for things which men find agreeable - anything that appealed to the delight of men (75-77). Because of this abstinence and its reflection on Buddhist priests and adherents, Buddhism at its early stages could be seen as emblematic of the simplicity of the Four Truths, and how each and every individual, from the lowly workers to the exalted royals, could hold to its precepts.
According to Stearns, the 'Divine Sage' Confucius (Kong Fuzi) proposed a system of harmony and keeping to the Way as "a social and political ethos derived from idealized values of the past" (36). As a system it was rooted in morality and ethics, providing reason and regulations, down to the smallest measure of a 'gentleman's' conduct in a very systematic, measured and precise way. Comparing Confucianism to Buddhism puts two things into perspective: one, Confucianism focused on conduct and propriety, a worldlier set of functions, whereas Buddhism focused on abstaining from worldly matters in general. Two, Confucianism was seen as something of an appointment, an elevation to and reward of power above the rest, and therefore not suited to the common people. This level of classism was not apparent in Buddhism.
The primary advocate of Legalism was Han Feizi, who advanced Confucianism into a more pragmatic viewpoint. As Stearns stated, "this harsh but effective solution for resolving the chaotic conditions that plagued the Zhou dynasty included the introduction of new managerial techniques, improved bureaucracy, enhanced communication, land reforms and standardization of weights, measures and coinage" (43). Legalism was a law-driven approach to government, and as such dealt mostly with an ancient notion of cause and effect and consequently dealing effectively with the criteria that drove and defined such polarities. Again, in the contrast of Legalism with Buddhism, we draw the conclusion that Legalism was a more restrictive approach to government, focusing on controlling and compelling the masses rather than catering to the individual's needs. Legalism can be equated to a top-down method, whereas Buddhism could be seen as a bottom-up method; individual contentment begets collective contentment, as opposed to informed manipulation by a few to drive the collective towards restrictive unity. Legalism was more a political system rather than a religious one.
Like Confucianism, Daoism proposed adherence to a 'Way', holding a similarity to Confucianism in this. Proposed by ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Buddhism' s Success in China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Buddhism' s Success in China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Buddhism' S Success in China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Buddhism' S Success in China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Buddhism' S Success in China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Buddhism' s Success in China

Invisible Buddhism in China

...?Insert Invisible Buddhism in China Generally, Chinese Buddhism involves the different learning facilities of Buddhism that have historically existed in China since time immemorial. Buddhism has immensely contributed to shaping the religious ideology of the Chinese society, influencing their art, politics, literature, beliefs, and healthcare. During the era of the Tang Dynasty, Chinese Buddhism molded several spiritual masters. Academicians categorized Chinese Buddhism into almost a dozen schools. But later on, Buddhism became superimposed in the Chinese civilization, perhaps due to the ‘emptiness’ philosophy (Adler 23-29). Chinese Buddhist schools differ on the precise description of the righteous path to liberty, the significance...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Buddhism in China and Japan

... and in order for a person to attain a state of spiritual satisfaction he has to act morally and follow the teachings that are designed to help him live through his lifelong worries without any confusion. There are two major sects established all over the world, Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism. Emperor Asoka the Great embraced Buddhism after the war of Kalinga. In the third century, he made efforts to spread the word of Buddhism and sent missionaries to the North West region of India, which is Pakistan and Afghanistan of today. Out of the many religions established in China at that time, Taoism was one of them. Due to similarities in the Taoist teachings and Buddhism, in terms of spirituality and meditation, the concept...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Commercialized Buddhism in modern China

... June 9, Commercialized Buddhism in Modern China: Business Management of Shaolin Temples Through the assimilation of local cults in the past to the commercialization of Shaolin Temple and other similar temples in present times, Buddhism shows its success through continued evolution that enabled its lasting relevance to past and modern believers and audiences. As mentioned, to increase followers during Buddhism’s earlier years, its general process of development in India and Tibet was through acculturation that included two-way assimilation between Buddhism and local Indian and Tibetan cults (Rambelli 43). Acculturation continues up to modern times, as Buddhism assimilates capitalistic values and models for its sustained development...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Country Analysis Framework: China

Its impressive economic performance accompanied by a huge current account surplus of $304 billion in 2007, serves as a beacon to the audacious foreign investor. A multitude of factors has contributed to this phenomenal success of a country with more than one sixth of the world’s population. In brief it is a burgeoning market for luxuries and semi-luxuries.
I seek to focus the attention of the company management on the three fundamental but interrelated factors – strategy, context and performance. Strategic initiatives of a nation are basically determined by a set of broader predefined policy objectives that outweigh otherwise unimportant presumptuous goals. Context acquires both a national and an international sig...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Role of Leadership in Organisations for Entrepreneurial Success

It has also been defined as “a multidimensional concept encompassing the firm’s actions relating to product-market and technological innovation, risk-taking and proactiveness” (Kellermans & Eddleston, 2006). Thus an entrepreneur is a person who is prepared for new challenges, face adversities, take the risk and achieve profits by identifying opportunities and utilizing the resources available. An SME operates in an uncertain environment characterized by multiple and frequently competing stakeholders. Thus it is essential to determine whether the entrepreneur should be a good manager or posses the leadership qualities. It is also essential to evaluate the leadership role that an entrepreneur has to play.
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

The Economic Impact of the Emergence of China and India

...Running Head: [short [institute of affiliation] a. Refine the analysis of the forces and trends you completed for theWeek Two assignment. The Automobile Industry today is becoming increasingly competitive, with the shift in global economies, the continuously rising fuel prices leading to a simultaneous rise in consumer preferences towards fuel efficient cars, the coming of age of Western economies and the emergence of Asian super powers such as India and China. These external environmental factors along with certain significant global issues such as, growing concern for environmental protection, and the trends towards greener and cleaner cities, governmental initiatives to reduce carbon emissions, and issues concerning protection...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Business Operations of Starbucks in China

“Starbucks opened its first store in Hong Kong in May 2000 and currently has 51 stores. Guangzhou opened in August 2003 and has 12 stores in Southern China, including six stores in Guangzhou and six stores in Shenzhen (BNET).” Starbucks has entered the Chinese market through joint ventures with companies like Mei-Xin and Macau. The company in order to strengthen its operations and brand image in the country has recently decided to extend the term of the joint venture agreement made with the above-mentioned companies. “As part of the transaction, Mei-Xin (International) Ltd., will also acquire a 30 percent interest in a joint venture to operate Starbucks stores in Chengdu (BNET).”

Apart from the a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Competitive Success

Core competencies, which usually flow out of a company, provide characteristic benefits to both the customers as well as any other individuals attached to it. These are generally espied as being the foundation of forming a competitive advantage within the said company. (Lowson, 2002)
To make it sustainable it is important that the same competitive advantage is held out for a long period of time and the people carrying out the same tasks and duties remain steadfast in their approach time and time again. What this will do is to make the process a sustainable one and the advantage in terms of competition would remain as long as it could, no matter how difficult or tough the circumstances are. Similarly, transportation of goods h...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Humanistic Buddhism: A Way of Nirvana for Modern Man

However, how many people in today’s modern world are ready to renounce their life of comfort and materialistic pleasure to know the ultimate truth of life? Hardly anyone will be ready to renounce the pleasures of life. Hence, as Buddhism was believed to be a religion of suffering and severe self-discipline, very few people from the modern world were ready to practice it. However, Humanistic Buddhism, by modifying the teachings and simplifying the practices of the religion, gave a fresh and renewed beginning to Buddhism. Humanistic Buddhism, by modifying its practices to suit the social demands of modern life, has not just saved Buddhism from dying out but has also helped people to find happiness and satisfaction in life by s...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

China Faces Pressure over Currency

Making its products cheaper in the US and thus encouraging imbalanced trade. It has been universally agreed that the free-floating Yuan would be significantly worth 15 cents.
Chinese economists feel that the impact has been over-exaggerated and particularly to America from Yuan revaluation. In particular, a stronger Yuan will not reduce the US’s trade deficit as there is a very smart segment of overlap between China and America Production and hence the US will not be able to replace Chinese imports. The consumer will end up paying more for imports from china or Vietnam and this would be like imposing a tax on US consumers.
The World Bank chief also disagrees with the US’s suggestion on China's currency rise a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

The Concept of Karma in Pure Land and Zen Buddhism

Additionally, the views regarding the concept in different cultures outside Buddhism are also included.
The concept of karma can be considered fundamental in the Buddhist religion. It is related to morality and the manner of behavior of the Buddhists which can be illustrated in the verses of the Sanskrit Dharmapada which expressed that “evil should be prevented to be able to avoid sufferings” and there is no place a person can hide to be safe from karma. This is according to the verses that expressed that “not in the sky or in the ocean’s middle…where karma does not catch up with the culprit” (Conze 83).

These verses express the importance of karma in guiding the Buddhists in th...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Approach to Education: Comparison of Philosophies of A S Neill & Paul Hirst

He believed that to impose anything by authority is wrong. The child should not do anything until he comes to an opinion – his own opinion- that it should be done. He states clearly his commitment to freedom of a child: ‘we set out to make a school in which we should allow children to be themselves. In order to do this, we had to renounce all discipline, all directions, all suggestions, all moral training, and all religious instruction. The child should never be forced to learn, Attendance at lessons should be voluntary whatever the age of the child. Only learning that is voluntarily undertaken has any value, and children will know themselves when they are ready to learn. (Summerhill , p.37)

Children will on...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

The 1846 Invasion into Mexico by the U. S.: The Political and Economic Forces that Brought about the Invasion

Some of the territories led to a war with Mexico from which the United States emerged victorious, expanding its territories and decisively establishing its dominance in North America.

President Andrew Jackson led an example of an administration that set the stage for the way in which James Polk would lead. In 1817, as a still yet military leader, Jackson led the United States into the first of three conflicts with the Seminole Indians from which the acquisition of Florida from Spain would be negotiated and finalized. The situation with Spain was tenuous and should have been dealt with in a diplomatic and cautious manner, but in 1817 President Monroe wrote a letter to General Jackson stating that “Great interests...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Buddhism' s Success in China for FREE!

Contact Us