Nobody downloaded yet

Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas's criticisms of the view that God's existence is selfevident - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The problem of evidence as for the existence of a supreme entity or God has baffled the Western theologians, thinkers, scientists and philosophers since times immemorial. Various theologians and philosophers have extended ontological and theological arguments as for the existence of God…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.6% of users find it useful
Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinass criticisms of the view that Gods existence is selfevident
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas's criticisms of the view that God's existence is selfevident"

Download file to see previous pages There is no denying the fact that though both of them were believers, yet in their theological and philosophical confabulations, they seem to be more concerned about establishing the relevance of their approach rather then proving the existence of God. Anselm, an Italian philosopher tends to rely on pure logical catechism. Aquinas, hailing from an aristocratic background, being the son of Count of Aquino, tends to extend a more refined version of the Averroists' view of 'double truth, which believed that the Catholic faith has two dimensions, one based on reason that emanates from philosophy and the other based of revelation, ensuing from theology. However, Aquinas while refuting the ontological argument seems to divest religion of its inherent need for faith and mysticism. In doing so, both the luminaries reduce God to a concept, much unlike the alive and awesome God of the scriptures. Yet, the interesting thing is that this approach of Aquinas towards faith evolved into a living influence that cleared the way for the proliferation and sustenance of a scientific temperament in the West amidst the surrounding theological constraints.
Anselm was a theologian who commanded a considerable influence in the 11th century. In 1078, he propounded his famous ontological argument for the existence of God in his well-known book 'Proslogium'. Anselm was both repudiated and acclaimed by some of the most noteworthy philosophers and theologians. Thomas Aquinas and Immanuel Kant challenged this ontological argument for the existence of God, while it was acclaimed and built upon by Leibniz, Descartes and Spinoza.
Anselm's ontological argument for the existence of God proceeds somewhat like this:
1. God stands to be the greatest entity that can be conceived by human mind. (Axiom)
2. If God is not the greatest entity, then definitely something greater then God ought to exist. (Axiom)
3. Yet, it is impossible to conceive an entity greater then God. (Axiom 1, repeated).
4. As axiom 2 is in contradiction with axiom 1, thus 2 is certainly false.
5. Hence, God Exists.
To put the argument of Anselm in simple words:
1. Even if an individual doubts the existence of God, still one knows that God is the greatest entity that can be conceived by human mind.
2. There is no denying the fact that the capacity to exist in the mind and outside the mind stands to be greater then the capacity to exist merely in the mind.
3. Thus, the individual who denies the existence of God, in a way declares that it is possible to conceive something that is greater than God is.
4. This premise stands to contradict the definition of God and hence cannot be true.
5. Thus, God exists.
In a personal perspective, Anselm intends to validate a synthetic argument by pretending that it is in fact an analytic argument. He is trying to prove the existence of something without trying to correlate its existence with the real world. Grave doubts tend to mar the assumption that concludes that it is possible to validate or deny the existence of something by merely resorting to its definition. As per Encarta, it is next to impossible to valida ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas's criticisms Essay”, n.d.)
Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas's criticisms Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1516307-great-works-of-western-philosophydiscuss-thomas-aquinass-criticisms-of-the-view-that-gods-existence-is-selfevident
(Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas'S Criticisms Essay)
Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas'S Criticisms Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1516307-great-works-of-western-philosophydiscuss-thomas-aquinass-criticisms-of-the-view-that-gods-existence-is-selfevident.
“Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas'S Criticisms Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1516307-great-works-of-western-philosophydiscuss-thomas-aquinass-criticisms-of-the-view-that-gods-existence-is-selfevident.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Thomas Kuhn`s Pradigm theory
...: Ways of represent the world. Harlow: Addison Wesly Longman. Jackson, P.T., and D.H. Nexon. 2009. Paradigmatic Faults in International-Relations Theory. International Studies Quarterly 53 (4): 907-930. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111./j.1468-2478.2009.00562.x(accessed August 22, 2011) Oxford Online Dictionary. 2011. Oxford Press. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/view/entry/m_en_gb0405240#m_en_gb0405240.007 (accessed August 20, 2011) Peterson, M.P. ed. 2005.Maps and the Internet. Oxford: Elsevier Reid, R.L. 2007. Group aims to post global geological data on the web. Civil Engineering 77 (5): 36-37. EBSCOhost. (accessed August 18, 2011) Sankey, H. 2002. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Saint Thomas Aquinas
...including reasoning. Putting all of these arguments together, supernatural revelations (faith) as well as natural revelation (reason) complement each other rather than contradicting each other. These come together to pertain to the same unity which is truth. These views of Saint Thomas Aquinas have both been criticized and endorsed by more modern thinkers and philosophers depending on their school of thought. The more religious schools of thought in philosophy such as the Roman Catholic Church endorse this idea fully while more “God less” factions reject these ideas outright. The works of modern thinkers such as Bertrand Russell end up...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
The Existence of God: Theories of Thomas Aquinas and St. Anselm
...Philosophy March 25, Topic: Discuss Thomas Aquinas's criticisms of the view that God's existence is self-evident. The Existence of God: Theories of Thomas Aquinas and St. Anselm Thomas Aquinas, a Dominican Monk (1225-1274) has argued two theories for the non-existence of God with inherent contradiction. The first one is God according to him is infinite goodness. The conclusion he draws from this is if God truly exists, evil has no place. Since evil is in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Saint Thomas Aquinas
...in which he expounds his systematic theology of the quinquae viae. Summa Theologica (1265-1274) contains the gist of St Thomas's view on all aspects of Christianity including the core teachings of his age. It follows a cycle-God, God's creation, Man, Man's purpose, Christ, the Sacraments, and back to God. He delves into the various concepts of divinity and explains it with logical and simple reasoning. No wonder it has often been consulted and cited in case of religious discussions and debates over the ages. Although Thomas Aquinas does not believe in the existence of rights, he conceives of them in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The Existence of God Presented by Anselm and Aquinas
...The Existence of God Presented by Anselm and Aquinas St. Aquinas presents an argument that there are entities in theglobe that are in motion. This implies that things are transforming and that what is in motion ought to have been set in motion by one more thing that is already in motion. The grand Catholic thinker, theorist, and theologian Aquinas embraces that, what is in motion has to be set in motion by one more, as well as that, this cannot continue to infinity, since, in that case, there would be no initial mover. Therefore, St. Thomas presents the argument that, for elimination to be the endless chain of shifts, there has to be an...
2 Pages(500 words)Personal Statement
Great Depression 1930's Paragrapgh
...Graphic Design Manifesto Be Authentic Undoubtedly authenti is a loaded term for many. It is even possible to be authentic? To an extent it seems that some degree of authenticity is achievable in graphic design. It becomes the responsibility of the designer to determine what constitutes authentic within their human experience. This will mean many things for many different people, but at its core it seems to be following an internal flame rather than the current cultural winds. Authentic can be viewed as an aesthetic category, just as much as it constitutes an approach to the work. Some artists will be more successfully authentic than others, but this is not a reason for other artists to simply mimic their...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Revenue Budget(s)s
...Part 2 The changes in the surplus and deficit are attributed to the change in license system from an old style to a newer system. Part 3 If the number of vehicles failing inspection would increase then this would increase the revenue obtained from the vehicle inspection fees by an additional 15%. Therefore making standards tougher would result in more vehicles failing the inspection and subsequently lead to an increase in revenue. This would be beneficial to the organization. Part 4 a) If the new system is implemented at the beginning of the year, there would be higher deficits in general for that financial year. This is because the cost incurred by the organization in contracting outsiders for the licenses is much higher... 2 The changes in...
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study
Aquinas's Five Proofs for the existence of God
...Aquinass Five Proofs for the existence of God by The of the The of the School The and State where it is located The Date Aquinass Five Proofs for the existence of God There is no doubt that the notion of religion plays an extremely important role in the human civilization. Nevertheless, there are people who are not convinced that God exists and look for a logical proof. Many apologists have tried to present their ideas and convince those who do not believe that God truly exists. Among many, Saint Thomas Aquinas is the one who is known to be the most rational and convincing. This paper will analyze Five Proofs for the existence of God that he developed. It must be noted that the first three arguments may be broadly categorized... examined...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Thomas Aquinas
...Reflection Paper - On Aquinas Introduction Thomas Aquinas was an Italian Catholic priest. He was also an extremely influential philosopher and theologian of the scholastism tradition. In scholastism he was referred to as "Doctor Communis" and "Doctor Angelicus". He founded Thomism and was the first crusader for natural theology. He had considerable influence on the Western thought and a lot of the philosophy of modern times was based on opposition or development of his ideas. The areas where he had much contributions were; political theories, metaphysics, ethics and natural law. He was a great believer of Aristotle’s ideas. In fact he tried to merge the principles of Christianity with Aristotelian philosophy1. Summa Theologica... is the same...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Thomas Aquinas
...with the Holy Spirit and the power to differentiate right from wrong. According to Aquinas, many preachers describe God every Sunday at congregation, but the fact is that, each religion has its own preacher, with their own message about the existence of God and his abilities. That calls for the need of a universal language about God because of the disagreements that occur because of his various descriptions in the society. The argument about the nonexistence of God is not reasonable, according to Thomas Aquinas. The bible, Quran, and other religious scriptures have received considerable bashing over the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas's criticisms of the view that God's existence is selfevident for FREE!
Contact Us