Summary to essay on topic "The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights"
The term "human rights" is comparatively new, having come into everyday manner of speaking only since World War II and the founding of the United Nations in 1945, it replaces the phrase "natural rights", which fell into disfavors in part because the concept of natural law to which it was intimately linked had become a matter of great controversy, and the later phrase "the rights of Man" which was not universally understood to include the rights of women.
Download file "The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights" to see previous pages...
The classic example drawn from the Greek literature is that of Antigone, who upon being reproached by Creon for defying his command not to bury her slain brother, asserted that she acted in accordance with the immutable laws of the gods.
Human rights concepts however can actually be traced to an earlier period. Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now The Old Testament of the Bible relates the story of ancient Israelites, and in it are abundant inferences about human rights, there is no well-developed statement on the issue but there are significant scattered passages that give clear evidence of a point of view at least as advanced as Greek and Roman philosophy.
The Ten Commandments for example, by the prohibition of murder and theft, give implicit recognition is considerably broadened by later elaboration of the laws and by the passionate discourses on justice by such prophets as Amos that can be read in his book in the Old Testament If the concept of human rights is very old, the general recognition of their validity is not, throughout most of history governments failed to accepts the notion that people have rights independent of the state, this called statism and it implies the supremacy of the state in all matters pertaining to the lives of subjects, it is still potent concept in the 20th century, Germany under Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union during the rule of Joseph Staliln are prime examples of statism.
It was not until after the Middle Ages, however that natural law doctrines became closely associated with liberal political theories about natural rights, in Greco-Roman and Medieval times natural law doctrines taught mainly the duties, as distinguished from the rights of man, in addition as evidence can be read in the writing of Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas, these doctrines recognized the legitimacy of slavery and serfdom (someone who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord) and in doing so, excluded perhaps the central most ideas of human rights as they are understood today, the ideas of freedom or liberty and equality. For the idea of human rights to take hold as a general social need and reality, it was necessary that basic changes in the beliefs and practices of society take place, changes of the sort that evolved from about the 13th century to the Peace of Westphalia (1648), during the Renaissance and the decline of feudalism. When resistance to religious intolerance and political-economic bondage began the long transition to liberal notions of freedom and equality, particularly in relation to the use of ownership of property, then were the foundations of what today is called Human Rights truly laid.
During this period reflecting to the failures of the rulers to meet their natural law obligations as well as the unprecedented commitment to the individual expression and worldly experience that was characteristics of the Renaissance, the shift from natural laws of duties to natural laws as rights was made.
The teaching of Aquinas (1224/25-1274) and Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) on the European continent and the Magna Carta (1215), the
...Download file "The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights" to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document "The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights"
(“The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1511486-the-role-of-reason-in-the-historical-concepts-of-human-rights
(The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights Essay)
“The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1511486-the-role-of-reason-in-the-historical-concepts-of-human-rights.
Cited: 0 times
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC "The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights"
This paper shall critically discuss the following statement: international human rights apply equally, despite cultural differences. This statement shall consider the different human rights as declared by the United Nations; it shall also discuss the different human rights which are available to every individual in the world and the particular applications of these rights. It shall consider situations and cases which portray the applications which help establish support for the protection of international human rights.
Human resource management involves setting policies and values that are important in the processes of recruiting employees, training them in their individual fields of practice, and evaluating their overall performance in the organization. The process of human resource management adopts a model of personnel management whereby each individual is addressed individually.
This is because, in considering universality of human rights, ideas regarding right and wrong or good and evil as existing in the society, seems to be incompatible when considering beliefs held by different societies. However, important advances have occurred to narrow the gap that exist between those lobbying for universality on one hand and cultural relativism, on the other hand.
vii). What the career diplomat and architect of Cold War policy for the United States and her Western allies had in mind was a greater respect and advocacy of human rights, in addition to the justifications for war and peace.
Human rights, needless to say, is an imperative subject in terms law, the state of nature, morality and ethics and the very being of man and his interactions with other humans.
He purports that freedom is not an absolute entity and maintained that it is subjective and extremely situational. He describes governmental freedom as one is bounded and contained within the confines of legislature. He describes an intricate system of checks and balances wherein governmental officials are given clear and concise boundaries for the guidance of their actions.
Although Christianity has been cited by some people as being oppressive in various instances in the history, the role it has played in promoting human rights can be overly underestimated and this is because the religion from its inception have considered everybody as being created by one Supreme Being, God and that everybody is equal before the eyes of the lord (Tierney, 1997).
According to the report the human and political rights are the important aspects in today’s social life. Every human being has been provided with some basic fundamental rights by their governments to exist in society, which he/she has to follow. Then there are political rights that are used to protect basic fundamental rights.
Sakharov has historically done more to make the USSR the country, where the human rights would be defended and taken into account, with less radical position than that of Solzhenitsyn. Sakharov and Solzhenitsyn are viewed through the history of the human rights movement as the two figures, which at first sight seem to take similar positions and have similar goals.
These rights are universally applicable and ignore differences in the concepts of religion, sex, culture etc. Human right includes a collection of various principles and laws. The concept of human rights is based on the
The author states that all current efforts to understand the role of culture in transforming the international system is initiated with an ontological idea that seems to be the contrary of the state of nature. International system theories have generally regarded culture a problematic notion to address.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Role of Reason in the Historical Concepts of Human Rights"
with a personal 20% discount.