Life is valued but in certain conditions when it is extremely painful or intolerable, the word euthanasia that is merciful end of life comes to the minds of patients, their families, or medical authorities…
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The word euthanasia has its roots in the Greek word eu Thanatos, which literally means well or good death. This Greek word connotes an individual ending the life of another, inspired by supporting the best interest of the individual who dies. In this quest the most gentle available means are used. In other words ending life without pain and in dignity while the dying person is calm, serene, and surrounded by family, friends or loved ones (Michalsen and Reinhart, 2008).
In this context, the practice of euthanasia was common in ancient Greece and Rome, where many people especially the disabled preferred to end their lives peacefully. However, after Hippocrates many of his scholars refused this concept. With emergence of Christianity the Hippocratic standpoint against euthanasia strengthened (Gupta et al, 2006). In the 19th Century, Darwin's theory, the Origin of Species, on human evolution introduced the notion of accidental natural mechanisms for selection, which turned to be a man-decided process of selection (Michalsen and Reinhart, 2008). ...
In a natural progression this lead to the ideology of mercy killing to other non Aryan races (Michalsen and Reinhart, 2008).
This essay aims at presenting euthanasia in the lights of different cultures and summarize the current debate reaching an answer to the question when is euthanasia ethical (if ever)
Types of euthanasia
Euthanasia classification is based on two foundations; first the wish of the sufferer into voluntary and involuntary, second is according to the way of carrying it out into active and passive (Goel, 2008). Voluntary euthanasia is when the sufferer expresses the sincerest wish to die and consciously asks for help to carry out that wish. The decision of voluntary euthanasia relates to two brain functions that have to be intact; first is cognition that is the capability to know, understand, analyze and using interpretive strategies. Second is emotional background stability of the sufferer, which affects the individual's ability to assess properly the condition parameters and decision making (Rismanchi, 2008).
Involuntary euthanasia is when there is neither consent nor wish of the sufferer to end life, either because the sufferer cannot express the wish to die (like severe dementia or inability to communicate). Alternatively, the sufferer may be able to express the wish to die but does not give consent or ask for assistance commonly in cases of deep unrecoverable coma (Goel, 2008).
Based on the way euthanasia is carried out, it is further classified into passive and active euthanasia. Passive euthanasia is when terminally ill patients sign DNR (Do Not Resuscitate) consent and allowed to die peacefully. Recently, the European Association of Palliative Care has seriously challenged this concept based on four
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Euthanasia can be voluntary or non-voluntary. In contemporary times, euthanasia is understood as a voluntary death assisted by a physician. For example, a terminally ill patient with acute pain and suffering “who asks his physician to either provide or administer a lethal dose of narcotics in order to secure a premature death”.
Euthanasia is commonly referred as ‘mercy killing’ or a ‘good death’. It entails bringing about the death of a patient in belief that the existence of the patient is so bad that he or she is better off dead than alive.
Euthanasia means taking one’s life with the help of a doctor by giving injected poisonous medicines or otherwise. According to common beliefs, a person has no right to take the life of other at whatever circumstances. And law treats euthanasia as a punishable act as it involves taking one’s life.
Euthanasia Euthanasia is recognized as the act of voluntarily taking one’s life. While in pure technical terms the act of euthanasia is a form of suicide, in practice it is generally associated with individuals facing end of life issues that choose euthanasia as a means of escaping pain and suffering associated with their condition.
Law and Euthanasia.
Terminal illness or disease is a medical term that found its popularity in the 20th century. Terminal illness is regarded as a disease that cannot be cured; therefore, patients suffering such diseases are bound to die specifically within a very short period (Keown, 2002; Pg.
The researcher states that the opponents have viewed legalization of euthanasia has a commission to commit murder. They have argued that any action intended to take away another person’s life is inherently wrong and should never be allowed even if the victim has given the consent. Euthanasia has been viewed as killing of other human beings.
They are illegal in many jurisdictions but data shows that physicians still conduct these procedures. This paper reviewed existing literature on the controversy as to the practices and identified the need for legalization of physically assisted death within the context of the involved ethical concerns and public utility.
(Seamus Cavan Sean Dolan, 2000) suggested that Euthanasia means easy death or death without any pain.
In other words, it is the process whereby somebody is intentionally killed just to save him or her from one form of agony to another. The fact that the person
Literally translated, therefore, the term Euthanasia means the good death. Euthanasia is a debatable ethical issue because it seems to violate individual’s right to life, on the one hand, and on the other
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