Free

Performance Enhancing Drugs - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The use of performance enhancing drugs in sports is one of the main problems which is closely connected with physical well being of sportsmen and ethics. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.9% of users find it useful
Performance Enhancing Drugs
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Performance Enhancing Drugs"

Running Head Persuasive essay Persuasive Essay The use of performance enhancing drugs in sports is one of the main problems which is closely connected with physical well being of sportsmen and ethics. These substances range from caffeine, a constituent of beverages frequently consumed in many societies, through the generally socially tolerated drugs, such as alcohol and marijuana, to the hard, addictive drugs such as the narcotic analgesics related to heroin and morphine and the psychomotor stimulants such as cocaine. Thesis Very often, female contenders are overlooked when it comes to performance enhancing drugs in sport because of different rules and procedures applied to women and men, and different body constitution and chemicals reactions which prevent laboratories to identify illicit substances.
Performance enhancing drug tests are stricter for male than for female athletes. There is a list of substances banned in males only. Differences between the reporting level for men and women are also acknowledged. The confusion over the nandrolone issue is exacerbated by claims that low concentrations of metabolites conferred no performance -enhancing effect and are due to the contamination of supplements. This conclusion from a single untimed urine sample could not be substantiated; the possibility that the result arose from the long-term use by injection of nandrolone may seem unlikely in the present climate of testing but evidence to the contrary had to be unequivocal (Dean, 2000). The number of positive test results has increased dramatically in recent years, but still, researcher admit that differences in male and female constitution prevent laboratories to identify illicit substances. OTC drugs, such as ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, are relatively less potent and non-selective than other stimulants, hence their availability without prescription. Following Bowers (1997) this lack of selectivity, with a concomitant likelihood of side-effects, especially if used in supratherapeutic doses, makes them less desirable as potential performance -enhancing drugs, since no improvement in performance has been found in the few research studies on these drugs. Similarly, various 'natural' products such as herbal preparations may, and in some cases frequently do, contain banned substances.
Another argument is that women may have illnesses that require them to take particular drugs. It indicates an increasing trend in its use as a performance -enhancing drug, since its pharmacological properties are likely to have adverse, rather than positive, effects on performance in most sports. Statistical results prove that women swimmers perform much better than men because of inadequate drug tests and differences between male and female constitution. "Unfortunately, many of the illegal, performance-enhancing drugs are extremely difficult to detect, so we have to say they could be a factor" ('Olympic women swimmers' 2005). Although unlikely to be used as a performance -enhancing substance in sport, events in recent years have shown that marijuana is used as part of the lifestyle of many athletes. Critics admit that: "For girls in particular, the trend is an outgrowth of the increased stakes of women's sports in the Title IX era, as well as shifting perceptions of what is considered to be physical perfection" (Sappenfield and Kartin, 2005). One of the continual failures of anti-doping programs generally is the focus upon the athlete as the target of testing and when a test is positive the transgressor who has been found to have cheated by using performance -enhancing drugs.
The main problem is that a particular drug which may be considered performance -enhancing in one sport may well be deleterious to performance in another sport. Drugs with a sedative action, such as alcohol and beta blockers, would be considered useful in events such as rifle shooting where a reduced heart rate and steady stance are important. Accurate data on the prevalence of drug misuse in sport are not forthcoming from evidence derived from medical practitioners.

References
Bowers, L.D. (1997) Analytical advances in detection of performance -enhancing compounds. Clin. Chem., 43, 1299-1304.
Dean, C. (2000) Performance -enhancing drugs; damned if you do and damned if you don't. Br. J. Sports Med., 34, 154.
Olympic women swimmers eclipse predictions of IU researcher. (2005). Indiana University. Retrieved 03 June 2007, from http://newsinfo.iu.edu/news/page/normal/1575.html
Sappenfield, M., Kartin, A. (2005). Steroids now often used for slimming, not just sports. Retrieved 03 June 2007, from http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0616/p01s01-ussc.html Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1508810-performance-enhancing-drugs
(Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1508810-performance-enhancing-drugs.
“Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1508810-performance-enhancing-drugs.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Performance Enhancing Drugs

Performance Enhancing Drugs

...PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS INTRODUCTION The use of performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) began as early as 800BC, sportsmen and women used these drugs to improve their performance. From gladiators to chariot racers, they all used some form of herb mixture to enhance their performance in sports by preventing fatigue and injuries. These extracts were made from mushroom extracts or plants seeds that are still used up to date in the making of either liquid or tablet performance enhancements. Sports people have used PEDs for a long time since...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Performance-Enhancing Drugs

...  Performance-Enhancing Drugs Performance-enhancing drugs refer to substances that are used by people, mostly the sportsmen from different fields, to make their performances better (Bahrke and Yesalis 4). Additionally, the human growth hormone may also be used to increase an individual’s performance. The use of performance-enhancing drugs in the sports area has been in existence since the ancient Maya and Greece (Jeffrey, Jose, and Douglas 12). Performance potions were used by the Greeks to enhance their abilities, while cocoa leaves were used by the Maya for the same purpose as the Greeks’. Nowadays, sportsmen and women will go to extreme lengths to improve their athletic abilities (Mottram 18). Many sports personalities admit... that the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Performance Enhancing Drugs Should Be Allowed In Professional Sports

...Performance Enhancing Drugs Should Be Allowed In Professional Sports Introduction When individuals participating in the professional sporting arenas use drugs that are prohibited in order to elevate the level of their performance, they are held responsible for the act of doping by institutes that are indulged in the act of regulating sporting events (Gardiner 273). Use of such drugs is not new to the field of professional sports; such activities even existed nearly hundred years back when Thomas Hick was held responsible for indulging in the act of using PEDs and a ban on him was levied by the International Amateur Athletic Foundation...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Performance Enhancing Drugs

...?Performance Enhancing Drugs The main issue in the second discussion was the morality of using drugs to improve physical or memory performance with the aid of drugs. Proponents of the use of drugs to improve performance state that it improves physical and mental versatility, and this can be in no way harmful. However, the opponents state that human beings are intelligent enough as they are and have made many strides without aid. Aiding this advancement using drug use would lower the value of any work done by an individual. This means that the use of drugs would reduce the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Should Performance Enhancing Drugs Be Legalized

...Should Performance Enhancing Drugs Be Legalized? Performance enhancing drugs should be legalized. Athletes will continue to use them no matter how stringent the rules are in banning them or how severe the penalty in punishing those who are caught using them. Athletes will not stop using them just because they are not legal. They will just become sophisticated in hiding the use of performance enhancing drugs to avoid detection. Athletes are very competitive and they will always seek for ways to improve their performance whatever it takes and that includes taking...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports

...Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports The spirit of athletics is linked with the age old history of civilization. The ancient Greek hero's, Spartan hero's and the Olympians of centuries have endured discipline and perseverance to achieve their desired feat of success as superhero. Good discipline and perseverance gives momentum to athletic performance in the public eye which is manifestation of practice, precision and talent. This pinnacle of performance is reached by victory or defeat, joy and sorrow as witnessed on the field by the fans, organizers, team members and by the individual participant. Success is the moment of euphoria marked by honor and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Performance Enhancing Drugs

...PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS Performance Enhancing Drugs Objective: To explore the extent of use of performance enhancing drugs with particular emphasis to its use in the field of sports. To evaluate the measures that has been adopted to check the use of performance enhancing drugs in the field of sports, and whether these measures have been effective in their aim, and are fair to sportsmen. Relevance: Performance enhancing drugs have been a bane in the field of sports for a very long time, as athletes have tried to gain unfair advantage through its use, and suffered due to the side effects. Two factors have led to a belief that the use of performance enhancing drugs is becoming widespread among sportsmen. The first factor... is the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Performance enhancing drugs in sports

...Introduction The use of anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs has become an all too common occurrence in sports today at all levels, from high school to professional. These substances have the effect of enabling athletes to achieve somewhat superhuman levels of strength and endurance. The pressure on today’s athletes to perform and compete at very high levels is intense, and performance enhancing drugs are a very tempting way to easily push one’s natural performance capabilities to otherwise impossible levels. Unfortunately, they exact a tremendous toll on the athlete’s physical...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Legalizing Performance Enhancing Drugs

...2 September Legalizing Performance Enhancing Drugs Performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) have been an issue of intense debate, especially when it comes to their use in sports. The ban on their use is increasingly been questioned, and objections abound from all quarters of the world on their prohibition in sports. There are two sides to the debate, both with their respective arguments that are equally non-refutable. This makes it even more difficult to arrive at a conclusion on whether legalization of drugs is fair and possible. This paper deals ...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Athletes and Performance Enhancing Drugs

...Athletes and Performance Enhancing Drugs A major concern in the sports that has been around for a long time now is the use of anabolic steroids by athletes. Especially troubling is the increase in use of performance enhancing drugs by younger athletes. Young people look at athletes as if they are their supermen or people with special powers rather than normal human beings. “Physician-guided education is vital to the creation of an effective intervention program” (Cheatham et al., 2008). The most common performance enhancing drugs are Creatine, Anablic steroids, and Steroid precursors...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Performance Enhancing Drugs for FREE!

Contact Us