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Obesity in UK - Essay Example

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According to the American National Institute of Health, obesity is defined as "an excess of body fat that frequently results in a significant impairment of health." Clinically, its definition is based on the ratio between the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the square of body's height in meters…
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Obesity in UK

Download file to see previous pages... (Obesity Focused (2001) According to the obesity society, an estimated 200 million adults and 18 million under the age of five were obese in 1995. It also estimates that over 300 million individuals are currently obese in the world (WHO, 2004).
In the United Kingdom, about 46% of men and 32% of women are overweight (with a BMI of 25-30) while an amazing 17% of men and 21% of women are obese. It also reports that, in the developing world alone, currently more than 115 million individuals are obese. Obesity is majorly attributed to poor eating habits, unchecked lifestyles, insufficient sleep, smoking, use of medication, pregnancy, family history, among other factors. Its health risks cannot be undermined as it causes a wide range of diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, stroke, cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancers. Other risks include mechanical disabilities like varicose veins, metabolic disorders like Gall stones, and even decreased life expectancy. It is also likely to cause a number of psychological and social problems within an individual. For example, an obese person may suffer from low self esteem since people normally perceive obesity as unattractiveness.
The hospitality industry is a diverse global industry with a wide range of service industries. These include the hotel industry, the food service industry, and tourism. Obesity is mainly blamed on the overall lifestyle of an individual. The hospitality industry mainly is concerned with the improving the living standard of individuals. Therefore, it is prudent to claim that the hospitality industry, through mainly the food, hotel and the beverages industry, may be a contributing factor to obesity in an individual.
According to Marlene B. of the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, obesity is majorly associated with unhealthy eating and low levels of physical activity. "She claims that the increase in obesity in the United Kingdom can be blamed to the numbers of "quick service restaurants" which have sprung up in the urban centers and which cook foods which have high saturated fat and high sugar content. She also notes that the youth are the ones who are majorly affected by this trend as the restaurants mostly carter for the youth. (Obesity focus, 2004)
Research by Yale University professor Kelly Brownell showed that fast food did contribute significantly to the amount of calorie taken in a day thereby increasing the risk for obesity. The food industry's major shift to provision of high energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars but low in vitamins and minerals can also be blamed for the increased cases of obesity. This has led to energy imbalance as the calories consumed are not used hence they accumulate as fat. The industry is also blamed for not providing sufficient information about the contents of foods they provide to the public. A group of obesity activists in the United Kingdom is claiming that the menu should be labeled with information that would help individuals control their choices of food, thereby enabling them to limit or avoid those foods that would increase the chances of them being obese. This they propose, is to be done by making it mandatory for restaurants to include in their menus a data showing the calorie count of respective foods. They claim that this would enlighten consumers as they order meals. Most people in the society do not understand effects of the foods ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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It has proved to serve as an underlying cause for many pathological conditions which include conditions like diabetes mellitus as well as other diseases that affect the important organ systems of the human body (National Heart Lung and Blood Institute). Obesity is a disease which not only affects adults but a large number of children also suffer from this condition.
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Supporting this report is the evidence from the Statistics on obesity, physical activity and diet: England, 2011I issued by NHS. The study reveals that in 2009, nearly 22% men and 24% women were obese, and 66% men and 57% women were overweight. Even worse is the prevalence of obesity in children.
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Obesity has been tagged by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as the new crisis in public health because of increasing evidence that the condition easily leads to a host of life-threatening diseases like arteriosclerosis, diabetes, cancer, asthma, arthritis, etc. An enormous amount of scientific research has been done on obesity.
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The author describes factors that can be pointed out as the reasons for the children obesity in UK and the way how to prevent it. High level of energy intake is an important reason for the children obesity in UK. Modern lifestyle provides less scope for home-made food items. The children are forced to have food and drink from outside their homes.
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But adult obesity is more serious threat because it forces individuals to face a number of chronic diseases. Compared to children, obesity and related problems among adults in UK shows rapid increase. Thesis statement: The statistics on the harmful effects of adult obesity proves its rapid and wide spread among adults in UK (special reference to adult obesity in UK and solution for the same).
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Childhood Obesity in the UK
According to the report within the United Kingdom nearly 32% of all children are categorized as obese. Culture and a litany of other factors impact upon the rates of obesity as they ultimately vary throughout the nation and the world. The problem of disease within society has defined health and life for children and adults.
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The author of this essay aims to analyze the causes of the obesity such as genetic, sedentary lifestyle, poor eating habits and etc. Also, the author focuses on the possible solutions to this problem. Recent statistics show that obesity is on the increase in the UK. However, among children, obesity has been noted to be on the decline.
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