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Psychology - Essay Example

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Summary
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychological disorder of childhood inception that results in abnormal behavior. The main problem with these people is that they have trouble paying attention in school, at home or at work. ADHD is characterized by behavior that is hyperactive, impulsive, and/or inattentive…
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Psychology

Download file to see previous pages... They may also have troubles in getting on with other children of the same age group. If not diagnosed properly, these difficulties can persist as they grow up. Children with ADHD may appear functionally impaired in many areas and may engage in a broad array of challenging behaviors that frustrate and disrupt family, school, and peer relationships. Their inability to sit still and pay attention in class may lead to school failure, truancy, and dropping out.
Overactive behavior: If a child is characterized by running around the classroom, may wander around the room, restless, or repeatedly tap a pencil, interfering with other children's activities, and may be seen as mischievous and unwilling to learn, then these behavioral disorders can be classified as overactive behavior. Hyperactive children seem to be constantly in motion.
Attention problems: Children with ADHD have a very short attention span. They find it difficult to concentrate and therefore hard to learn new skills, both academic and practical. As a result of which research from the USA suggests that 90% of children with ADHD underachieve at school and 20% have reading difficulties. Children with ADHD may themselves be quite distressed, because they do not mean to behave badly in class but do not know how to change.
Impulsive behavior: Children with ADHD may be impulsive i...
They are also easily distracted by irrelevant things as they lack the capability to focus on an issue. These children find it difficult to carry out everyday works which involve patience. They will find it hard to do any activity which involves waiting to give an answer, or in which they have to take turns. Impulsive children tend to act without thinking and often seem unable to control their immediate reactions to people, events, or even their own thoughts and feelings. As a result, they may speak without thinking or dash into the street without looking for traffic that can turn out to be very dangerous. Most children experience transient episodes of these symptoms, perhaps due to stress or in response to certain medications.
Social problems: Children with severe ADHD may be rejected or disliked by other children, because they disrupt their play or damage their belongings. Hence they find it difficult to find good friends. In fact children with ADHD do not realize how their behavior affects other people. They may want to make friends, but have no idea how to go about it, having never picked up the basic rules of social behavior which most children learn naturally (Borrill, 2000).
What are the Causes of ADHD
Children with ADHD do not make enough chemicals in key areas in the brain that are responsible for organizing thought. Without enough of these chemicals, the organizing centers of the brain don't work well. This causes the symptoms in children with ADHD. Research shows that ADHD is more common in children who have close relatives with the disorder. Recent research also links smoking and other substance abuse during pregnancy to ADHD (Familydoctor.org, 2005). ADHD has conventionally been viewed as a problem related to attention, originating from an ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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