StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Globalization and Employment Relations - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
An ever-changing world, a deluge of information at the click of a mouse, search for better opportunities: all these and more have made the territorial boundaries of countries seem insignificant. Emigration and Immigration across borders have been going on since the last few decades and it is now that governments are waking up to the growing problem of varying patterns of employment relations…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.3% of users find it useful
Globalization and Employment Relations
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Globalization and Employment Relations"

Download file to see previous pages A peek into their social and political structure from the beginning of the twentieth century to today's fast paced world and also a study of the hypothesis of convergence will help us in making definite conclusions about the subject.
Katz evaluates three hypotheses that have been suggested to explain the trend towards decentralized bargaining: first, shifts in bargaining power from unions to employers; second, the emergence of new forms of work organization, which put a premium on flexibility and employee participation; and third, the decentralization of corporate structures and diversification of worker preferences. Katz concludes that the second hypothesis is the most convincing, on the grounds that labour and management appear to have gained distinct advantages from work restructuring that accomplished decentralization. However, shifts in bargaining power, as well as the diversification of corporate and worker interests, are important contributing factors to the decentralization process.
Sweden became an industrial society later when compared to most other countries in Europe. At the start of the 20th century, Sweden was a poor agrarian society with high emigration rate. It is now a relatively wealthy, welfare-oriented, service society. Sweden has 25% of its civilian workforce employed in industry, only 2.4% are still in agriculture, while 73% are in services, partly as a result of the strong growth of local and regional government since the 1960s.
Swedish employment relations have long fascinated foreign observers. With a total population of 9 million and with 4.4 million in labour force, Sweden is the smallest of the countries in Europe. However, 76% of its women are in the labour force which is the highest female participation rate of any OECD country.
Employment relations in Sweden have passed through three broad stages since the nineteenth century. The beginning of the union movement was the first stage, which lasted from the 1890s to 1930s.Unions were established during this period and there were disputes between the capitalists and the laborers. The government was either passive or supported the capitalists.
The second stage was approximately from mid-1930s to the early 1970s. The 'Swedish model' was established during this period, with a low level of industrial conflict, a 'solidaristic' wage policy, an active labour market policy and labour-management cooperation. An economic policy reliant on economic growth subsumed many of the pay-related problems for the unions and paved way for a pattern of employment relations with few industrial disputes.
Emergence of a third stage can be traced to the 1970s. More radical union ambitions, the election of a non-socialist government in 1976 severe economic problems, and a strategy based on free enterprise and a market economy, on the employer side, represented significant changes. The 1980 dispute symbolized these developments. Wage earner funds were introduced after a bitter conflict, but were not seen as a complete victory by the unions. The wage earner fund system became a political burden for the Social Democratic Party and did not result in a basic change in Sweden's economic system. The employers tried to reverse the trend as much as ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Globalization and Employment Relations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Globalization and Employment Relations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1507626-globalization-and-employment-relations
(Globalization and Employment Relations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
Globalization and Employment Relations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1507626-globalization-and-employment-relations.
“Globalization and Employment Relations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1507626-globalization-and-employment-relations.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Globalization and Employment Relations

Employment relations

Small firms have a small market share in any given economy and individual firm’s actions cannot significantly impact the entire industry or economy. Therefore, individual firms cannot significantly influence national or regional prices or quality. Most small firms are managed in a personalised way because owners are attached to them. Consequently, their personalised feelings attached to business make them active in all aspects of their business. According to Department for Business Innovation and Skills (2010), there are over 4,801,250 small business enterprises in the United Kingdom. Sections 382 and 465 of the United Kingdoms’ Company Act 2006 define small firms as business entities with zero to forty-nine employees, ?0-?6.5 mi...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Employment Relations

...? 1972 Accident Compensation Scheme in New Zealand of the Business of the Concerned October 22, 1972 Accident Compensation Scheme in New Zealand Introduction There is no denying the fact that New Zealand could be deemed to be a social laboratory so far as the nation’s intentions and inclinations to pursue a progressive social policy are concerned. New Zealand had been a trend setter in the area of motor vehicle insurance and worker’s compensation (Palmer, 1994). New Zealand qualifies to be the first amongst nations extending compensation in the sphere of work related injuries. In a way the country happened to be first amongst the international community to ascertain and acknowledge the social and financial consequences of uninsured work...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Employment Relations

... hectic and low paying assignments to certain workers. Such scenarios are handed down from previous systems and they may continue to occur under the unconsciousness of the management. An example would relate to bias against certain races in terms of job assignments. The trade unions would discover about such minority groups and investigate their plights. It is crucial to highlight that certain minority groups arise out of hypothetical situations. It might be visible after some period that minority groups develop out of departments that they work in the same. In addition, trade unions help in minimizing disputes that may arise out of workers and the employers. In this sense, the trade unions eliminate trivialities that may arise out...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Employment Relations

...Introduction: Good employees are an asset to an organization and it is the duty of the employers to see that they are treated well, and without discrimination. Employers also have to see that safety of the workers is paramount and should take measures in this regard. It may not be possible to remove the possibility of injury or other health problems totally. In case any employee is injured while on duty to otherwise an employer is expected to see that he is taken care of as per statute and ethics. Since there are so many issues related to employment that can create problems for both employers and employees, the State has brought forth a number of statutes, acts, and laws which can be used by both the above categories for their protection...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Employment Relations

... employers to restructure and adopt new methods. Customers are the main stakeholders of IBM. Customers perceive IBM as a leader in BPO and as the best innovator in providing emerging technology-related services in the following industries: financial, manufacturing, communications and media, government, healthcare services, retail, and professional services” (FYI. IBM Global services n.d.). HR policy choices are based on opportunities and benefits proposed by IT technology and innovative solutions developed by the company. IBM uses flexible reward system and work systems in order to motivate and inspire employees. Tacit skills, such as learning to deal with customers, are learnt in and through the very act of doing, often involving trial...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Employment relations

The inequalities in society normally fall under the above mentioned heads (Andrews, 2007, Livesey, 2006). Discrimination of employees or inequalities of employees means treating an employee different from others. This is a very serious offence and is illegal for companies to treat employees differently. A company can be faced with a lot of legal issues and employees have the rights to even sue the company (Epstein, 1995). The next section focuses on the different basis of inequalities among employees at work places. Explanations of the causes for these issues are also discussed.
Direct Discrimination: This type of discrimination refers to when employees discriminate among employees because of their sex, martial status or becau...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Employment Relations

...Employment Relations Using theory and evidence, discuss the tactics that unions can use to (a) maximize the effectiveness of strikes and (b) maximize public support for strike action. Understanding employees is very important in the contemporary working environment. This is for the manager and the employees to have appropriate working relations. With this, there is the assurance of workflow being well management. Unions are important in that they ensure the workers’ rights are observed without using these resources poorly. It is also imperative for these unions to exist in that they ensure the workers are always motivated knowing that in the case of anything, they can refer to the unions to support them. There is also the issue of working...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Role of the World Trade Organization in Globalization

The protests according to the President of Mexico came from people who were either ignorant of the exact situation despite having a genuine concern and hence were swayed by emotions or by those who had become insecure in their jobs with globalization.
WTO claimed that the first charge was a misconception. It claimed that it opposed measures that use environmental protection as a guide for the protection of domestic industries against foreign competition and not to the measures to protect the environment as the allegations suggested. WTO debated that under its rules, environmental protection measures are prohibited only if those measures treat foreign producers more harshly than domestic producers. It was later found as seen i...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

The Significance of the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

The ratification of the Convention was momentous in that it called for the ‘establishment of diplomatic relations between states’ and for ‘permanent diplomatic missions to take place by mutual consent.”2 The foundation of these diplomatic relations hold considerable value as it cemented equitably and just principles that govern diplomatic relations and practice among states as the rules afforded in the convention lay down the obligations of the receiving states on matters regarding amenities, privileges and immunities accorded to envoys, diplomats, diplomatic representatives and their families, anticipates potential abuse by members of the mission or and how the receiving state can counter such abuse.
...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Employment Relations

On the facts of the case for discussion, Derek has only been employed by Notlob County Council for a few months. His most recent assignment placed him in charge of water and sewage flow. Obviously Derek’s responsibility is to perform his duties effectively and his concern is that he cannot do so without posing a threat of harm not only to himself but to others as there is a flaw in the system that can lead to catastrophic consequences.

By virtue of the Health and Safety At Work Act 1974 the employer is under a statutory duty to maintain the water and sewage plant if it is reasonable and practical to do so. The duty is contained in Section 2 which mandates that the employer ensure the safety and welfare of all empl...
15 Pages(3750 words)Case Study

Maternal Employment and Child Well-Being

Through the course of history, it can be observed that the role of the female members of the population is continuously being leveled to that of the male, thus, in terms of the number of employees and organizational positions that are being held by women, the change is evident.  It can be considered that upon the achievement of the women to have equal opportunity to work and excel in the career of choice, the number of labor participation had increased. To be able to determine and present the objectives of the study, it is important to consider different issues that are related to the topic at hand. The main basis of the said notion is on the basis of different reasons such as in terms of the economic, family and social aspec...
12 Pages(3000 words)Literature review

Public Relations and School Administration: The Jena Six Story

The infamous Juvenile Correctional Centre for Youth is located in Jena, with the institution closing after merely 2 years of its opening. The closing of the institution was owed to prevalent brutality and racism. One of the scandals they were involved in was the choking of black juveniles during a meeting with a lawyer. The guards also paid inmates for them to wrestle and fight with each other for their entertainment and also laughed at teenagers who are trying to commit suicide inside the jails (Witt, 2007).
At one time, district boundaries lines had been drawn to establish or maintain white-non white separation. It was in the last 20 or so years that nonwhites had begun to move into several areas; Jena for one, previously p...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Globalization and International Business: Starbucks Corporation

The Small Business Encyclopedia defines globalization as the process by which the economies of countries around the world become increasingly integrated over time. This integration occurs as technological advances expedite the trade of goods and services, the flow of capital, and the migration of people across international borders (globalization, Answers.com).
The shreds of evidence of globalization are all around us. For example, Hill (2005) cites an example of an American driving a car designed and produced in Germany that was assembled in Mexico from components made in Japan fabricated by Korean steel and Malaysian rubber. The car is filled with gasoline from oil pumped from off the coast of Africa, at a service station o...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

The Politics of Looking Relations in Films

The book by Frantz Fanon title ‘Black Skin, White Masks’ deals with the social revolution that brews in the minds of the oppressed. (Markmann, 1967). In this regard, films are a medium and an art form rolled into one. They have the capacity to transport viewers and put across messages that can transform the lives of entire audiences. The power of cinema is one that has been hailed as the hardest hitting of art forms, even from the days of silent movies. The term or phrase, ‘Motion Pictures’ is literally the most accurate definition of the most powerful element of cinema. Moving pictures are the most powerful form of expression in art. This art form called cinema relies on the use of pictures that move in or...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

The Globalization Policies in Different Countries

...International trade International trade Introduction The Globalization, Liberalization and Privatization policies adopted by different countries, opened the doors widely open for international trade. Foreign investment and participation in business is welcomed by many countries. The consumers will get better products at cheap rates because of the competition in the market. For example, as per the economic principle, scarcity of a commodity creates demand in the market and hence the price of that commodity will go up. Because of the foreign participation in domestic market, the customers will never fee any scarcity and hence the prices will come down definitely. But most of the countries are still confused about the extent...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Globalization and Protectionism in Our Century

...Globalization and Protectionism in the 21st Century Globalization is an international phenomenon with far-reaching consequences in the social, political and economic realms. Economic globalization, namely the spread of neoliberalism and capitalist-inspired consumerism as the dominant engine of economic growth, has both supporters and detractors. The world is becoming more and more interdependent and whether you think globalization is a good or bad thing, it is here to stay. Many people in developed countries argue in favor of protectionism because foreign wages are much lower and domestic producers cannot compete. The result is that jobs are lost as employment trends shift overseas. Seeking to explore the present international...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Globalization and World Economic Forum at Davos 2010

...Globalization and World Economic Forum at Davos Forces Driving Globalization Globalization has resulted in enhanced interdependencies among thenations of unprecedented scale. This augmented interdependence has caused the dismantling of trade barriers and liberalization of markets. The forces of globalization have impacted the nations, the firms and the individuals alike with the prerequisite of liberalization of trade (Awuah, 2009). The seven forces of globalization are; Markets, Production, Culture, Labor, Technology, Environment and Liberalization. Of these factors, the globalization of markets has engaged substantial attention of the firms and the academia. Some markets are highly globalized, while some are not. The scale of market...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Globalization and Employment Relations for FREE!

Contact Us