International Business - Cultural Differences - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Globalisation did not give rise to the phenomenon of cross-cultural/international business but it certainly facilitated it and contributed to its increase and proliferation. National firms are increasingly taking advantage of globalisation's facilitation of international business because it opens the door to highly lucrative economic and market opportunities…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
International Business - Cultural Differences
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "International Business - Cultural Differences"

Download file to see previous pages With specific reference to HRM and marketing, this essay will examine the potential problems which a UK owned hotel, operating in China and Russia, among numerous other countries, may confront.
In order to understand the challenges which the UK-owned hotel may confront in the management of its operations in China and Russia, it is important to begin with a clarification of the implications of the culture construct. The reason is that since culture has been identified as the source of challenges, it is necessary to know why and how it can function as a challenge to cross-cultural management for the purposes of constructively confronting and resolving these challenges.
As an ever-present force of concern to all social sciences, culture represents an abstract and extremely complex construct. Attempts by scholars to define culture have resulted in countless definitions. For example, in their seminal study on culture, Kroeber and Kluckhohn (1952) identified more than 160 definitions of culture. Although there is probably no single best definition of culture, the main thread running through the numerous definitions of culture, as noted by Hall (2004) is that the construct of culture appears to have the following characteristics:
Culture is multidimensional and interrelated. ...
Culture is multidimensional and interrelated. It consists of a number of common and interdependent elements such as beliefs and attitudes, values and norms. All aspects of culture are deeply connected with one another; to change one part is to change the whole. It is the interaction of various elements of culture that results in cultural distinctiveness.
Culture is shared by the members of a social group and defines the boundaries between different groups.
Culture is adaptive. Culture and its values, though enduring in the short term, do change over time. Cultural meanings are not static, but constantly in motion. Culture continues to evolve through constant embellishment and adaptation to both physical and social environments.
Culture includes both conscious and unconscious values, and other meaningful symbols that shape human behaviour. Cultural differences are not necessarily visible, especially to people who remain embedded in one cultural environment. It takes a prolonged stay abroad and mingling with the locals to recognize the numerous and often subtle and hidden differences in various cultures.
In sum, culture provides people with a sense of identity and an understanding of appropriate behaviour within a soda1 group. It has pervasive and profound impacts on virtually all aspects of human life. For instance, Harris and Moran (2005, pp. 206-211) have identified ten important areas pertaining to human values, attitudes. and behaviours that are directly influenced by culture:
Sense of self and space;
Communication and language;
Dress and appearance;
Food and feeding habits;
Time and time consciousness;
Values and norms;
Beliefs and attitudes;
Mental process and learning;
Work ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“International Business - Cultural Differences Essay”, n.d.)
International Business - Cultural Differences Essay. Retrieved from
(International Business - Cultural Differences Essay)
International Business - Cultural Differences Essay.
“International Business - Cultural Differences Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF International Business - Cultural Differences

Business and cultural differences

...strategy of UK will work for China or not. Anything which might affect the religion or belief of the society or values should be avoided while marketing the product. Proper understanding, simple ways of communication are the keys for successful business expansion in countries with different cultural practices. 5 Reference: Bhattacharyya, D., (2010), Cross-Cultural Management: Text and Cases, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. Browaeys, M. & Price, R., (2008), Understanding Cross-cultural Management. Pearson Education India. Burton, D., (2009), Cross-cultural marketing: theory, practice and relevance. Taylor & Francis. Forrester, L., (No Date),...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Cultural Differences

...managers and professionals know that these differences add to the growing acumen of the organization and that these distinct points must always be encouraged across the board, without any glitches or disputes whatsoever. It would make the work of the managers and business professionals much easier if they know already that their workers offer something new and unique towards not only the business realms but also the varied workplace dimensions. References Kleiner, B., 1996. Managing Diversity in the Workplace. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 3(4) Pryor, M., 2009. Workplace diversity in the United States: the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cultural Differences in Business

...? Article Review Connie Johnson October 3, of Phoenix Cultural differences exist among the 210 countries in the world. The culture ofeach country affects how the people visualize ethical decisions. Countries that have developed economies tend to have a higher ethical standard than emerging economies. In the article A Study of Differences in Business Ethical Values in Mainland China, the U.S, and Jamaica the business decisions of managers in these three countries were compared (Fok & Hartman & Kwong, 2005). Ethics plays a major role in the managerial decisions concerning financial, environmental, and ethical matters. It is important to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cultural Differences

...Cultural Differences Abstract This study sets out to explore cultural differences, what they mean, and their implications. The paper will discuss two multicultural concepts, analyze them, and examine the significance they have in the understanding of cultural differences prevalent in the society. More specifically, the two multicultural concepts that the study will focus on are ethnic identity and cultural identity. The study will seek to explore the meaning of each of the two concepts and the influence they have in understanding of cultural...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

How Various Cultural Differences May Affect the Success of International Business Negotiations

...? Discuss how various cultural differences may affect the success of international business negotiations. Evaluate several strategies that negotiators can use to manage successfully these cultural differences The global business scenario has passed through different phases, and opportunities of international business have grown over the years. Negotiation is one of the primary aspects of doing business although cross-cultural barriers often pose serious difficulties in conducting successful business or creating a win-win...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

International Business Practices - cultural differences

...Being aware of cultural differences is vital for the sales managers. Each country has its own peculiarities regarding the way business is conducted and potential sales negotiated. South Africa, United Kingdom and Australia have completely different business practices and to ensure the successful cooperation sales manager should pay close attention to them. In Australia for example, business people are very enthusiastic in conversations and debates and prefer to discuss issues during face-to-face meeting rather than on the phone (Australia Business Etiquette, 2003). The sales manager should be ready to discuss such distant to business topics as religion and politics. The best method is to wait until Australian partner brings... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Managing Challenges of Cross Cultural Differences in International Business

...1. Introduction Decades ago, the level of cross-cultural business dealings were limited to import-export transactions. But with the rapid phase of globalisation, growth in Free Trade and the relaxation of Foreign-Direct-Investment policies of many of the previously closed economies, today’s business executives are required to deal with counterparts from different countries on a regular basis. These cross-cultural business relationships require a high level of awareness and sensitivity to the diverse national cultures. While many companies may attempt at setting up International Joint Ventures (IJV’s), many do not progress even further than the negotiation process, mainly due to the challenges in managing cross-cultural differences... ...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay


9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Cultural Differences

...Cultural differences between United s and Philippines In many ways, United s and Philippines are alike the latter having been colony of the US and became westernized in the process. There are still however some fundamental differences between the value system of these two countries which can be gleaned from power distance, individuality and long-term index . I. Individuality  Unlike United States which is a highly individualistic society, Philippines is a collectivist society with a score of 32. It is a closed knit society where there is a strong emphasis on extended relationships and loyalty. This translates to workplace where hiring and promotion are still done via kinship or...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Cultural differences

...unless one has significant understanding about the culture and its components. Hence, my understanding reveals that it is quite crucial for the leaders of different companies who are assigned with the tasks of managing people within an organization to bear proper understanding about cultural diversity and ability to manage the people belonging to diverse cultural backgrounds. References BBC, 2008. Tribe. Home. [Online] Available at: [Accessed March 25, 2013]. Fjellstrom, D., 2005. International Business Negations. Sodertorns University College, pp. 1-84. GloBus Research, 2013. Multicultural...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic International Business - Cultural Differences for FREE!

Contact Us