Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Augustine was born at Thagaste at Roman province of Africa on 13th November 354. His mother was a Christian but his father was not. It is also said that he was not baptized as child. He started writing the De civitate Dei or The City of God in 410 after Alaric and vandals sacked Rome…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
Augustines and Aquinas Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling"

Download file to see previous pages Though the god has created both but they have different wills and desires (Book XII ).
Thomas Aquinas was born in southern Italy in 1225. He was greatly influenced by Aristotle whom he called, the Philosopher. He began his main socio- political work, Summa theologie in 1266. Aquinas, though never contradictory to Augustine, presented a soft and optimistic view of human governance of its affairs.
Clearly Influenced by Aristotle's philosophy Aquinas attempted recovery of Aristotle in the west. He has presented a milder and more optimistic theory which does not show intolerance of Augustine's stringent unworthiness of the worldly affairs. Aquinas did not find anything wrong with the Aristotle's humane, rational and ordered world. For him the interest of this world and the next can coexist and it is the duty of every individual to make best of the both these worlds. He respects Augustine's other world or heaven but do not find anything inappropriate in attaining this world's goods and achieving that world's bounties as and when time comes. He, however, emphasized that the meaningful existence in the former should lead to get entry in the latter. More than once the reader is forced to analyze Aquinas' effort stating forcefully as to why one should abandon the present living and think of divine and also his treatment to duty and philosophy as separate entities. Aquinas is highly inspired by Aristotle's famous maxim 'men is by nature a political animal' or Man is a social and political animal (4-6). The simple and comparative explanation clarifies Aquinas' thinking Animals are provided for their defense and food by the nature while man is not. Animals have thick and dense hairs to withstand harsh weather. Animals also have claws, long and sharp teeth to scare away or destroy their enemies. The food for survival is available in plenty for animals. Man lacks these facilities in him but is given power to reason to get these for his existence. But for that the man has to live in companionship with other fellow human. The communication and reason enable man to live in a society with others of his tribe. Augustine's neoplatinism does not believe in earthly politics. His duty is to please the divine and be a citizen of heavenly city. He stated that rules of such a society viz. prohibition and command are counterproductive since these increase desire to break the rule and indulged in sinful deeds (City of God, XIII:6). Augustine elaborated that social structure or governance may be indispensable to the well being but not for preservation, of members of society, nevertheless, it was hardly a noble phenomenon or an appropriate object of devotion. According to Augustine the governance led to increase in selfish interest and blocked the vision to attain true and greater good e.g. salvation to the city of god. Aquinas favors governance that since a societal living is necessary for orderly existence there should be some management or governance of society. Augustine also contradicts Aquinas views on society of men and its collective efforts to own nature's free bounties or snatch these from animals by using his ability to reason and communicate. He prefers that it should be equally available to man and animal and whosoever gets it first should be allowed to have judiciously since that is divine law. Augustine's views show extreme disliking ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and Essay”, n.d.)
Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and Essay. Retrieved from
(Augustine's and Aquina'S Justification of the Exercise of Social and Essay)
Augustine's and Aquina'S Justification of the Exercise of Social and Essay.
“Augustine's and Aquina'S Justification of the Exercise of Social and Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling

The Lasting Social and Political impact of the 1950's

...? The lasting Social and Political impact of the 1950’s The Arms Race combined with the Space Race that began in the 1950’s had a defining and resonating impact both culturally and politically. This research will present studies from the decade that defined not only a truly pivotal moment in American and World History, but details that the effects from that era still have a direct impact on both modern politics and present day cultural movements. Findings that support the argument of influence will be compared to those that describe the decade as something other than the proving ground for American cultural mettle. Beginning with the basic arms race this paper will present studies that show the technological and educational benefits...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Political Climate of the 1980's

...Political Climate of the 1980s The defeat of the erstwhile Soviet Union in the Cold War that intensified at the turn of fortunes during the latter phase of World War II is not quite over, judging by the way global politics has shaped up in the new millennium. The verdict of the cold war was by no means comprehensive even when looked at in real terms whereby the Russian Federation of today retains nearly ninety per cent of the colossal land mass that made up the Soviet Union. But much more critical in this respect is the near complete retention of the armed forces that defended the Soviet Union in its heyday, by the Russian Federation. And added to this is the utter discomfiture and helplessness of the west about the near intact if not more...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


The conflict, of course, began when the French decided to release their colonial claims to Vietnam. The French army was driven from Vietnam in 1954, resulting in the Geneva Peace Accords. This created a temporary partition of Vietnam at the seventeenth parallel, until 1956, when nationwide elections would be held. While the Communist powers in the Soviet Union and China did want the entire nation of Vietnam to become Communist, they predicted that the 1956 election would accomplish their aims without bringing the United States into the conflict (The Wars for Vietnam: 1945 to 1975).
Rather than initiate another conflict similar to Korea, the American government began a concerted effort to win the political minds of those li...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...’… merely ‘holding the ring’ for business competition and industrial conflict” (Eaton, 1951, qtd. in McFarlane, p. 218) most believe otherwise; 2. Created to promote an international liberal economic order, these three international organisations act in support of the international business by providing the necessary social and political stability, by laying down the legal requirements for their operation, and by promoting the doctrines of free-flow of capital; 3. The excessive exercise of the control power of these three international organisations, which actually is reflective of US protectionism, is becoming counterproductive to the market forces; 4. The three international organisations reinvents themselves or modify their strategies...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Augustine and Aquinas Justifications of the Exercise of Social and Political Ruling

...263940Aquinas Political Writings and Augustine’s of God Introduction The study of St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas as regards their political ideologies can be found within their respective works. St. Augustine was a man who meditated on the teachings of Christ and whose own political ideology held that government was but bookmarker for the greater governance of God (Dodds, D. (trans.), 1950, p. ix). Augustine was an observer of the fall of Rome in 410 A.D., and much of his political ideology as expressed in City of God, is a combination of Augustine’s meditative reflections on Christianity, and that which he observed in the rule over mankind by mankind (p. ix). St. Thomas Aquinas was born in the early 13th century, of an affluent...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Revenue Budget(s)s

...Part 2 The changes in the surplus and deficit are attributed to the change in license system from an old style to a newer system. Part 3 If the number of vehicles failing inspection would increase then this would increase the revenue obtained from the vehicle inspection fees by an additional 15%. Therefore making standards tougher would result in more vehicles failing the inspection and subsequently lead to an increase in revenue. This would be beneficial to the organization. Part 4 a) If the new system is implemented at the beginning of the year, there would be higher deficits in general for that financial year. This is because the cost incurred by the organization in contracting outsiders for the licenses is much higher... 2 The changes in...
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study

S- corporation

...Accounting and Finance Accounting and Finance Built-In Gains Tax for S-Corporations Inventory Fair Market Value $210,000 Less Adjusted Basis $180,000 Built-In Gains realized $30,000 Land Fair Market Value $120,000 Less Adjusted Basis $125,000 Built-In Loss ($5,000) Net Built-In Gain $25,000 Tax rate 35% Built-In Gains Tax $8,750 Taxable income for 2013 $65,000 Tax Rate 35% Tax liability $22,750 Lockhart’s Built-in Gains tax for the year2013 was $8,750. That is because Built-in Gains tax is paid based on the lesser of the corporations net recognized Built-In Gains or the corporations taxable income. In this case, the tax liability based on the taxable income would be $22,750, which is more than $8,750. 2. Inventory Fair...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Saint Augustine's Conversion

... number 21 January Saint Augustine’s Conversion We live in a world where everyone has his own beliefs and professes this or that faith (of course we don’t mean those people who perceive themselves as atheists). Then the question arises – what is religion and when its particular postulates were established? It seems to be not difficult to give the answer because in our time we have a great opportunity to receive almost any information on the theme from the multivolume works of numerous scholars and historians who have dedicated a significant part of their lives to the study of theology and basics of religious sciences. Due to their experience which is being transformed into their written scientific treatises people know the fundamental laws...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...DNA Forensic al Affiliation) DNA Forensic Forensic science has become most outstanding and sensitive biological techniqueused world wide to identify unknown criminals by use of DNA of such individuals. law enforcers has found this methods most sensitive as most of their investigation has been eased and made quickly to ensure security issues is handled in the most accurate way possible and in situation where visual evidence is not available (Balding, 2005). However, there have been situations where DNA samples have been faked in the process making it difficult to identify specific criminals. DNA forensic has been useful in handling criminal cases such as theft, rape and murder. This procedure for DNA forensic always begins... Forensic al...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

S&S Air Company

...S&S AIR COMPANY Internal growth rate= (Return on Asset x Retention ratio Return on Asset x Retention ratio) Return on Asset= 2,029,766/19,986,170=0.10 Retention ratio= 1-dividend pay-out; Dividend pay-out= 610,000/2,029,766=0.3 1-0.3=0.7 IGR= (0.1 X 0.3)/1-(0.1 X 0.3) 0.03/0.97=0.031 3.1% Sustainable Growth Rate= (Net income/ Shareholder’s equity) x (1-retention ratio) (2,029,766/11,435,815) x (1-0.7) 0.18 x 0.3=0.053 5.3% Internal growth rate: This percentage of (5.3%) is the maximum growth S&S Company can grow with external financial aid. Sustainable Growth rate: Refers to the growth rate a S&S Air company can grow without external financial aid. The rate is 3.1% Question two Forecasted sales; 40,259,230(1 +0.12...
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study

The Real Face of Corporate Social Responsibility

Effective communication is an important tool that has wide-ranging influence in the smooth functioning of corporate bodies. The role of corporate communicators is significant in the administration of the organization and projection of the organization’s aims and objectives in the eyes of the public and stakeholders.

Corporate communicators normally use a variety of techniques to communicate with different people. The administrators and managerial staff use effective communication to disseminate information about the changes that need to be made and make special efforts to create a barrier-free work environment. The barrier-free atmosphere and friendliness testify mutual respect and easy accessibility of management...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Cultural History Versus Political History: The Varying Methods of the Two Fathers of History

Even though they have these similarities and have both been bestowed with the same title, these two historians drastically differed in their approaches.

Herodotus had another title bestowed upon him; he was also called the “Father of Lies.” Much of what is known of him has been gathered from his own writings as few other sources are available from his actual life. It should also be noted that the veracity of this information is in question as Herodotus was known to invent much in his own work, and it was sometimes the practice in Ancient Greece to attribute events from the life of one person to another; for instance, it has been questioned if the accounts of Herodotus’ exile are only due to the fact th...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

The Social and Cultural Contexts of Deviance

Generally, deviance is a behavior that is seen as harmful, disruptive, or criminal. However, it may come as the result of being statistically unique. This brings into question whether there can be positive deviance. For example, if a student got straight A+ grades, the Underachievers Club may view them like a deviant. As a group, they may place sanctions on them above and beyond what they would the average student. This illustrates the concept that deviance must be seen through the lens of the social or cultural context that it takes place in (Keel, 2008).
Social norms are the types of behavior that are established and maintained by society and are considered to be acceptable. Because deviance is the transgression of a norm a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review

Political Thought

In the nineteenth century, the term democracy still had uncomplimentary connotations, most of the time; some understand it as a system of mob rule. Now, however, we are all democrats. Liberals, conservatives, socialists, communists, anarchists, and even fascists are all eager to proclaim the virtues of democracy and to demonstrate their own democratic credentials. Indeed, as the major ideological systems faltered and collapsed in the late twentieth century, the flames of democracy appear to burn yet more strongly (Huth & Allee, 2003). As the pull of socialism paled, and the intrinsic worth of capitalism has been called into query, democracy appeared as possibly the single unwavering and lasting principle in the postmodern poli...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

School Social Worker in Special Education

Social workers are required to understand the diversity of families and help individuals and families cope with the implications and impacts of learning disabilities, physical or cognitive problems. Individual treatment may be required in a safe environment and relationship in which to deal with issues. The work of the school social worker in special education is related to a diverse number of areas, in which he/ she is required to fulfill various roles and responsibilities (Turner, 2005).

Approximately one-half of school social workers are found to be practicing with elementary school children. School social workers support and help to prevent future problems by intervening with at-risk children during elementary schoo...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

...DECISION-MAKING IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE: ECONOMICS a) Why are market forces unsuitable for health service resource allocation? Refer in your answer to the problems of consumer sovereignty, agency, and health outcome measurement. Market forces, demand and supply, move in opposite directions with respect to price changes. When the price of a good is high the demand for it is less while the supply of it is greater. This is economic sense but nevertheless this positive economic statement about the predictable behavior of the consumer does not hold true when the demand patterns for Giffen and inferior goods are factored in. For instance when income, of the individual consumer, rises his demand for inferior goods such as potatoes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Management: Social Responsibility and Ethics

When we speak about business management, most people talk about the core business functions like strategies, products, training & development, management of various departments of the business like marketing, production, planning, etc. Social responsibilities and business ethics are the least communicated topics in the business community because of the least preference given to the non-productive sectors by organizations. Most of the greedy organizations spent millions on the research and development for improving their competitive power in the business world, but they often keep a blind eye towards their responsibility towards ensuring proper ethical standards in their business activities. Organizations that underestimate the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

American Political Communications

...Political communication: Today, voters no longer make decisions based only on personal opinion but view most issues through the eyes and ears of the media. Most options arise from interpretation of the symbols obtained from mass media. Political advertising is a prominent media for reaching voters. Political advertisements aim at increasing issue knowledge, influencing perceptions of the candidate’s character, altering attitudes and affecting candidate preference. In most political advertisements, politicians essentially promote themselves, their thoughts, beliefs, values, image and political propaganda. These advertisements can have a rather persuasive influence on voters. Political ads can convey both positive and negative feelings...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling for FREE!

Contact Us