StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Several Topics(Psychology 101) - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Memory is a crucial brain function used as an important tool in dealing with organisms' daily tasks of doing things for learning and survival. It is as process by which living organisms store information in its brain and subsequently retrieve it for use in future activities…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93% of users find it useful
Several Topics(Psychology 101)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Several Topics(Psychology 101)"

Download file to see previous pages Storage of information can be systematically done by conscious process of learning either in formal or non-formal ways. Memory or information gained by the learner through this process is referred to as declarative memory. Learning through proper study or experience, and other similar approaches are included in this category. It can be semantic or episodic. Semantic declarative memories are memories of meanings, understandings, and other concept-based knowledge without the help of experience. For instance knowing that a hammer is a tool and not a pet is a semantic memory. In the other hand episodic declarative memory are knowledge of events, times, places, associated emotions, and others learning, in relation to an experience. Declarative memories are otherwise called as explicit memory
Procedural memory or implicit memory in the other hand are knowledge and information gained stored and retained through past experience of events, places, times, emotions, and other learning activities that are used by the learners unconsciously in the process of doing things. Mastery in driving is developed unconsciously by previous experiences without the driver being conscious of what had been learned from the past. Survival instincts are considered as implicit or procedural memory. Procedural memories are information and memories learned through time used procedural works.
In dealing with daily chores both explicit and implicit knowledge are useful in making hard tasks easy. This information intertwines with each other in our dealings with other people, solving our problems, doing our jobs, deciding what is best, and determining which is right and wrong.
2. Short and Long Term Memory
The brain collects and stores information in the course of daily activities as humans are faced with varying circumstances every second and decides whether this information is useful and subject for further refining and re-storage for future use or discards it after the event ceased. These bits of data are short-term memories with the potential of becoming long-term memories.
Short-term memories are commonly called primary, working, or active memory. They are stored in the brain for about 30 seconds and are used in the current process of analyzing the current stimuli or situation. These memories in small "bytes" are combined with each other to form into another information which maybe stored as another short term information or stored for longer time for future use. Once that particular event has been completed some less useful memory are lost and useful ones are retained as long-term memory. And the process goes on and on and on.
Long-term memories (LTM) are data stored in the brain for 30 seconds or as long as decades. Short-term memories which are used by the brain further become LTMs. Retention of memory is accomplished through the process of rehearsal or continued use and meaningful association with established long term memories. The meaning of red traffic light can be forgotten fast if it is not associated with traffic rules. By this example a short-term memory became a long-term memory. The mechanism involved in converting short-term memories into LTM is called long-term potentiation. Just like short term memories, long-term memory is also subject to forgetting process, several retrieval processes may be needed for them to last longer.
Chunks of information flood into the brain every second in our dealings with a lot of stimuli. Some of these memories do not last long and are called short-term ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Several Topics(Psychology 101) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Several Topics(Psychology 101) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1505460-several-topicspsychology-101
(Several Topics(Psychology 101) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Several Topics(Psychology 101) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1505460-several-topicspsychology-101.
“Several Topics(Psychology 101) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1505460-several-topicspsychology-101.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Several Topics(Psychology 101)

Several topics. See below

The research conducted in this study points to the lack of assertiveness in political and social goals which risks political irrelevance. Methodologies The researcher conducted quantitative research of existing literature related to many aspects of the civil service organisation/union. Firstly, the researcher conducted a review of actual standards through publications of the Public Service Union, and German Civil Servants' Union (DBB). The researcher then considered the organisational structure of these associations, taking into account the principle-agent theory. Next, the researcher addressed the role of lobbying in the trade union environment on order to explain the basic tasks of interest group representatives, and to evaluat...
65 Pages(16250 words)Essay

Several topics

... Module Module ID: Several Topics Deficit model of ethni refers to the negative assumptions established by the mainstream ethno-racial and religious group about the social traits, characteristics, abilities and behavior adopted by the minority groups as well as systematically marginalized people. These disabilities expected by the mainstream population to be existing in the characters and performances of the individuals belonging to the minority or downtrodden groups and communities are partly the outcome of the financial position, appearance and social statuses maintained by the minority and deprived groups. For instance, poor single unwed mothers are considered to be the members of one of the most irresponsible stratum of society, who...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Topics in psychology

... Task: Topics in psychology My document describes six interesting facts that in have learnt in psychology lectures this semester. It is worthwhile noting that, in the document I will explain how I can apply the above facts in my own life. The document shall conclude by applying the information gained from three of the above learnt facts problem solving. In one of the lectures, (behavioral genetics), I learnt the fact that, almost all personality traits have both biological and environmental bases. It is worthwhile highlighting that I found the above fact interesting because twin studies reveal that, for genes to be influential aspects, identical twins ought to be more alike compared to the fraternal twins. In addition, adoption studies...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Several Topics(Marketing 301)

... Marketing Do wholesale intermediaries provide an ultimate value to s, or do they interfere with the process of retailing Explain the reason for your answer. Has the emergence of internet played a role in wholesaling and retailing transactions If so why Wholesalers are basically those which act as intermediate people. These are those who are able to purchase products at a much lower price since they do so in bulks. The products that they purchase came straight from the manufacturers or the companies. There are two types of wholesale intermediaries; the first one is referred to as merchant intermediaries. These compose the type of wholesalers who basically buy a large amount of product and later on resell them to the retailers... Marketing Do ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Several Topics(Marketing 301)

... of grandparents. For example, wider doors to accommodate wheelchairs are just as much use for young mothers with prams, and a downstairs toilet in a house is an asset to everyone in the family, not just for those who find it difficult to climb stairs." The companies responsible for the creation of consumer electronics, household appliances, communications devices, information services, telemedicine, telecare and social alarms need to combine digital technologies, ageing and health, elderly consumer psychology and product design. There has to be a special health and life insurance for the older people. The consumer services can be specialized for the people approaching early retirement and those in early retirement. II...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Several Topics(Psychology 101)

...Running head: Psychology Psychology First Middle initial and of PSY 101 December 3, 2007 A1. Personality can be defined as the consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a person. There are five theories of personality: psychoanalytic, humanistic, social-learning, cognitive and trait. Psychoanalytic theories explain human behavior in terms of the interaction of various components of personality. Sigmund Freud’s id, ego and superego fall under this category. Humanistic theories emphasize that people have free will and that they play an active role in determining how they behave. Humanistic psychology focuses on subjective experiences of persons as opposed to forced, definitive factors that determine behavior. According to social...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Psychology 101

...Psychology 101: Conditioning An example ical (Pavlovian) conditioning that I have experienced throughout life is the feeling of nervousness that I get when getting ready to take an exam or quiz. In this case, the unconditioned stimulus is being informed by the professor that the class is about to take a test. The unconditioned response is the feeling of nervousness and nausea that I get in the pit of my stomach after I have been told about the impending test. The conditioned stimulus is the professor walking to the front of the room, stack of test papers in hand. This is a telltale sign that the test is about to begin, which leads to the conditioned response, the nervousness of seeing the professor walk to the front of the room... 101:...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Several topics

... Module Module ID: Several Topics Race and ethni maintain important significance in sociological studies. Though mistakenly considered to be one and the same, both these notions are quite divergent from one another in nature and scope. Race is actually attributed to the biological traits and features of the individuals, while ethnicity concentrates upon the social structure and establishment one belongs to. In addition, racial characteristics also signify hereditary background; on the contrary, ethnicity refers to the social environment one has been associated with. Hence, the color of hair and eyes, and facial features represent the race of the individuals; on the other hand, culture and nationality of the people define their ethnicity...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

PSYCHOLOGY 101 QUIZ QUESTIONS

... B) Psychology is defined as the study of behavior and mental processes. Thus psychology involves the scientific study of the human brain and its key functions, specifically those that affect behavior in a particular context. 2. (A) Critical thinking is thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. It therefore involves an analysis and evaluation of an issue so as to make a judgment. 3.(C)Replication-which simply means to the repetition of a research study basically with various situations and different subjects so as to determine if the primary findings of the initial study can be generalized to other circumstances and participants. 4. (D) Neuroscience is basically the any or an aspect of sciences for instance...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

SEVERAL TOPICS

... 22nd July Anxiety Disorders: Living On a Thin Line, By Donna Wilkinson, June 5, 2005. I agree with the posting on the article Anxiety Disorders: Living on a Thin Line, By Donna Wilkinson since the article covers a major concern to many based on the fact that the disorder affects 19.1 million people in United States. According to the National Institute of Mental Health women are prone to the disorder than men. Though the article explains the problem in depth, it warns people who have the disorders since chronic physical disorders are prone to many people. The article indicates emotional aspects since individual may experience heart attack, pulmonary diseases or cardiovascular problems. The most anxiety disorders are treatable... 22nd July...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework

Psychology of Aging

Examining differential theory, the idea that emotions such as anger have a consistent basic effect upon the individual throughout the lifespan despite later complications of cognition, etc., indicates that identity, as it is experienced in old age, has a sense of consistency of self with the identity remembered of the child.  This deep-seated experience of emotion should be so ingrained as to preserve some sense of identity even in the Alzheimer’s patient who has lost autobiographical memory. Although the article does not go into detail regarding how these theories might intertwine, it seems that the description of differential theory as it progresses into adulthood matches fairly close to the concepts involved in socio...
14 Pages(3500 words)Assignment

Psychology of Learning for Instruction

Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget (1896- 1980) and Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) have developed their ideas and theories on cognitive development and psychology that bears a relationship, which is significantly similar, yet essentially different. It is in this context, that Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development assumes significance. Though Vygotsky and Piaget, agree on certain fundamental aspects of cognitive development, the framework and approach of their theories, differ essentially.
Before a comparative study of two theories could be done, an understanding of the basic tenets of each theory is vital. According to Piaget's theory (1970), cognitive development of an individual occurs through a number...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Coaches' Attitiudes Toward Sport Psychology Consultation

Attitudes towards sport psychology will influence whether or not an athlete will utilize and practice sport psychology skills (Greaser, 1992). Therefore, it is likely that coaches’ attitudes towards sport psychology will influence their decision whether or not to employ sport psychology services with their athletes. The sport psychology field needs to determine a way to break entry barriers with coaches to help them use sport psychology services with their teams and athletes.

Sport psychology consultants need to be sensitive to the individual characteristics of athletes and the sports in which they play to decrease help-seeking barriers and facilitate help-seeking behaviors (Martin, 2005). In turn, sport psycholog...
39 Pages(9750 words)Research Paper

Psychology: Substance Disorders

When a person hears or sees things that are not present, they are known as hallucinations. Hallucinations can be visual, auditory, olfactory, tactile, proprioceptive and receptive. Delusions are pathological fixed false beliefs. When the person believes that other people (who actually exist) are reading his thoughts and plotting against him, the person is said to suffer from delusions. Heightened perception is said to be present when the person feels that his senses are flooded with all the sights and sounds that surround him. Disorganized thinking and speech are said to be present when the person can not think logically and speaks peculiarly. Loose associations, perseveration, and neologisms are all manifestations of disorganized...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Psychology: Development of Gender

The changing nature of gender roles in the 21st century is discussed and some practical examples of these changes being investigated. Then, it will critically analyze the role media plays in shaping human behavior. Lastly, the report will look at how gender roles are acquired through the observation of male and female social role models.

The awareness of who we are and whether we are female or male is an important aspect of human development. Some eminent psychologists have raised concerns about how we come to be identified as male or female. They ask, does the process of identification of who we are starts right from the moment the child is born? Or does she/he learn about its identity from the social environment in wh...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper

Cognitive Psychology And Its Implications

Cognitive psychology attempts to understand the nature of human intelligence and how people think. The study of cognitive psychology is motivated by scientific curiosity, by the desire for practical applications, and by the need to provide a foundation for other fields of social science. (Anderson, 1990:3) Looking into the history of the world at large, it becomes evident that almost all human societies have been socially stratified from the most primitive Paleolithic and Neolithic ages to the most modern contemporary era of hi-technology and computerization. The social division of individuals is on the basis of caste, class, creed, clan, community, region, race, religion, gender, age, and socioeconomic status. Socioeconomic statu...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

The Discourses of Psychology and History

Psychology as a field of discourse relies heavily on empirical evidence; being a social science, this empirical evidence is still subject to much subjective analysis. This is not to say that there is no room in chemistry for any sort of subjective analysis, but there is not nearly as much leeway as there would be in social science like psychology. This is the reason why there is such a contrasting difference in the way that theories are phrased in hard sciences and social sciences.

Concerning written assignments in psychology courses, there is a definite, approved approach that must be followed. Generally speaking, psychology paper assignments are not supposed to contain quotations from other papers; the findings of ano...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Domestic Violence and Developmental Psychology

The Centre for Children & Families in the Justice System of the London Family Court Clinic Inc has published several research studies about domestic violence that take into account the perspectives of developmental psychology as a working framework. Baker, Jaffe, Ashbourne, and Carter published “An Early Childhood Educator’s Handbook” with the title of “Children Exposed to Domestic Violence”. Cunningham and Baker published a comprehensive study entitled “What About Me? Seeking to Understand a Child’s View on Violence in the Family”. These works are very helpful to deal with the issue of domestic violence from the point of view of developmental psychology since they take a humanis...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Key Concepts of Counseling Psychology

Humans were born with the capacity to know and the freedom to choose between good and evil.  Given this freedom, we are responsible for our decisions, actions, and thoughts. Consequently, there is a need for therapy when an individual is unable or unwilling to accept personal responsibility for emotional problems.   We are not perfect therefore we make imperfect decisions. Therapy in this integrative approach attempts to get the client to live at peace with themselves in spite of mistakes. However, the level of peace depends on the extent to which one allows the environment to influence one’s inner world. Individuals, therefore, have the capability to improve themselves. Nonetheless, we have the tendency to develop...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The History of Psychology and the Evolution of Its Modern

...Introduction to Psychology Define Psychology. Discuss the History of Psychology and the Evolution of Its Modern Perspectives Definition of PsychologyPsychology is a scientific field that involves the study of the mental life. The phenomena and the condition of the mental life are both studied. Phenomena include things such as desires, decisions, feelings, reasoning’s, and cognitions. Phenomena are superficially considered and its complexity and variety is said to leave a confused impression on the spectator (James, 2007). History of Psychology The interest in explaining the human behavior has always been there; it is not until the 1870s that psychology became formally a science. The foundation of psychology can be traced back...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Several Topics(Psychology 101) for FREE!

Contact Us