Summary to essay on topic "Civil Rights Movement in America"
Despite popular opinion, America has failed black Americans since the 1960s despite the Civil Rights Movement and its resulting legislation. Due in large part to the federal government's lack of initiative, black Americans face deficits in housing, education, and employment…
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When it did, he was careful not to lose support from southern politicians by enforcing overly-liberal policies (Patterson, 2001, p. 122-123). This Democratic lack of action was still apparent over thirty years later when President Clinton placed the onus for reform on individual Americans, calling for change in "our minds and our hearts, Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "Civil Rights Movement in America" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now " rather than expending federal funds and energy to bring about change (Klinkner, 1999, p. 27). As a result, government interest in reform has disintegrated while its efforts for populace control have grown "through increased spending on the military, police, prison building, and mechanisms for surveillance" (Giroux, 2004, p. 212).
When the government has acted on civil rights, it has often been a pale or nonexistent effort. In the summer of 1997, Clinton formed him Presidential Initiative on Race as a think-tank on how to address race and racial inequality. Steven A. Holmes quoted panel member Thomas Kean in The New York Times as stating, "There is a timidity on this question [of race] We were not encouraged to be bold." (as cited in Klinkner, 1999, p. 26-27). Clinton showed his concern for reform in word, but not in deed. Similarly, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) was formed following the passage of Title VIII to receive housing complaints, but was not given to authority to act on them. This allowed the government to "do something" about unfair housing without any real action (Judd, 1999, p. 136). In fact, according to Giroux, the overall effect of modern conservatism has been to silence "any discussion of race in mainstream national politics by insisting on colorblind public policy" (2004, p. 179).
There are several instances in which the federal government has specifically shirked its responsibility to remedy racial inequalities. This was very apparent during the Reagan administration, when the momentum of the Civil Rights Movement came "to a standstill" (Fairclough, 2001, p. 332). Rather than citing governmental intervention as a possible solution, Regan claimed that it had been a problem, and went on to denounce student busing and attempt to eliminate the Department of Education (Patterson, 2001, p. 171), successfully pulling federal government away from domestic issues that sorely needed attention. His administration further claimed that "big government handouts had corrupted black communities by creating generations of cheats characterized by laziness, drug addiction, sexual excess, and a general taste for criminality and violence" (Giroux, 2004, p. 189). Even the Democratic Clinton administration rolled back government responsibility with its budget compromise of 1997, in which Clinton cut Medicare and Medicaid and endorsed tax cuts that mainly benefited wealthy Americans. In this one act, Clinton had practically undone the reform created by Roosevelt's New Deal (Klinkner, 1999, p. 11).
Presidential administrations, however, have not been alone in turning their backs on racial equality; the judicial branch, since its rightward drift beginning with Nixon's presidency, has also negated the government's role in domestic
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This courageous act of civil disobedience incited the masses, both black and white persons, in protesting racial inequalities during the 1950’s and 1960’s. The mass nationwide protests culminated in a major change in racial relations in the country in addition to changes in laws designed to protect the rights of minorities most significantly the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
It is evident from the study that the movement of the American civil rights left a legacy on American society. The racial violence and discrimination was brought to an end. Today, the Africans Americans can exercise their rights freely like the voting rights, in societies where they were once banned from polls. Millions of Africans in America have been immensely lifted up from poverty.
According to the research findings, despite the success of the civil rights in addressing the enactment of human rights it has fostered hate speech and crimes in the American society. Hate crime is a new kind of criminal felony that is associated with the Civil Rights Movement. Hate crime has portrayed that there still exists intergroup and interracial activities in the American society.
In that period, African Americans were experiencing many obstacles. They were treated as slaves, not allowed to own land and have jobs, and they did not have the same justice as whites. An instance of unequal justice was witnessed when Emmett Till, a black person, was murdered in Mississippi for only whistling to a white woman.
These procedures were extremely tenuous in most states hence; most movements were not able to achieve the set standards. This paper will describe how Martin Luther King and Malcolm X had a vast influence in the civil rights movement. In the early 1960s, America was struggling to cope with anxiety through several methodologies.
Carmichael’s interest in civil rights had its roots in 1964, in his senior year at High School, when he was exposed to the ‘Sit-in’ movement for desegregation in the South. Blacks and whites protested segregated lunch counters by ‘sitting in’ at these counters.
Still, legal and social changes also dictated that the movement evolve with the cultural and social turmoil of the times. The movement of the 1920s laid the groundwork for the emotionally charged civil rights movement of the 1950s, though there were contrasting differences.
The outcome of the modern civil rights movement effectively achieved what the Reconstruction did not because of a changed focus by its activists.
In August of 1955, 14 year old African-American Chicago resident Emmitt Till was visiting Mississippi when he was brutally murdered by several white boys.
The main focus of this short essay is political and bussiness life of Rosa Parks, who was a woman from United States from America. Like other African-Americans, Rosa Parks was deeply disturbed by the black male Emmett Till’s murder by white men. This murder might be one of the reasons why Rosa Parks decided to not leave her seat on the bus, thus setting the start of the Civil Rights Movement in America.
King advocated nonviolent struggle and integration while Malcolm X promoted ideas of the complete separation of the two races and the use of violent means of struggle.
Thus, Malcolm X was quite a controversial figure as
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