StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Fecal Incontinence - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The anorectum is the caudal end of the gastrointestinal tract, and is responsible for fecal continence and defecation. In humans, defecation is a viscerosomatic reflex that is often preceded by several attempts to preserve continence. Continence has been defined as the ability to retain a bodily discharge voluntarily…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
Fecal Incontinence
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Fecal Incontinence"

Download file to see previous pages They become housebound and prefer to pass the day very close to the toilet to avoid losing feces. The exact incidence of FI is uncertain because of patients' hesitation to seek help from their physicians. Women seem to be at higher risk, mostly due to obstetric damage to the anal sphincters; however, during the last decade, an increasing interest has been dedicated to those forms of FI related to nontraumatic factors, which reach a relevant incidence (Bharucha, 2003). Older subjects are at very high risk, especially those with disabilities and those who are institutionalized. Moreover, young people are often affected. These factors create a significant economic impact for society, not only due to direct and indirect costs, but also due to intangible costs. FI may result from a variety of pathophysiological situations, and various risk factors can cause a wide range of inability to control feces passage. Therefore, an accurate diagnostic workup of each patient is fundamental. Although not fully agreed upon by all physicians, a multimodal diagnosis, using a multiparametric evaluation, seems to allow the most thorough understanding of FI pathophysiology and to indicate optimal treatment. These are really the most important and challenging aspects of FI management. Indeed, a wide range of therapeutic options is available, including conservative, rehabilitative, and surgical procedures. Highly variable rates of defecatory dysfunction and fecal incontinence have been reported, which most likely reflects the heterogeneity of the populations studied, the use of non-standardized questionnaires, a variety of definitions in terms of frequency of defecation or fecal loss, and patient reluctance to disclose these potentially embarrassing problems. Aging has been consistently identified as a major risk factor for the development of fecal incontinence, and the prevalence has been reported to approach 50% in nursing home residents (Cook and Mortensen 2002). A recent study of more than 3,000 community-dwelling women found a population-adjusted prevalence of 7.7% when fecal incontinence was defined as loss of liquid or solid stool at least monthly. The prevalence of fecal incontinence increased linearly with age (Melville et al., 2005). Many patients are reluctant to seek medical attention for bowel disorders because of embarrassment and social stigma. Primary care providers, including obstetricians and gynecologists, are therefore integral to the successful disclosure of such problems by routinely inquiring about bowel function during periodic health care visits.
The Research Problem
The problem with fecal incontinence is that it often goes undiagnosed and untreated in elderly patients mainly due to the social stigma attached to it. Not only are the patients reluctant to admit the problem, the physicians often fail to ask about the problem due to similar embarrassment that the patients feel or due to the fact that they think the problem to be insignificant. In the older age groups this is particularly significant since it is common in them. Large population surveys have revealed that above age 65, the prevalence is 3% to 7%. Many elderly people are forced to get admitted into nursing homes due to this problem so much so that the prevalence is as high as 50% (Perry et al., 2002). As highlighted by Bharucha et al. (2005), the financial ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Fecal Incontinence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 words”, n.d.)
Fecal Incontinence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502542-fecal-incontinence
(Fecal Incontinence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 Words)
Fecal Incontinence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502542-fecal-incontinence.
“Fecal Incontinence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502542-fecal-incontinence.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Fecal Incontinence

Management of stress incontinence

...). Oxford Handbook of Clinical Specialties (6th Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Collier, J. A., Longmore, J. M., & Brinsden, M. (2006). Oxford Handbook of Clinical Specialties (7th Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Dmochowski, R. R. (2004). Advances in Surgery for Incontinence. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co. Doughty, D. B. (2006). Urinary & Fecal Incontinence: Current Management Concepts (3rd Ed.). St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier. Faulkner, G., & Bridge, C. (2011). Managing stress with Qigong. London: Singing Dragon. Gartley, C. (2012). Managing Life with Incontinence. Wilmette, Ill: Simon Foundation for Continence. Haslam, J., & Laycock, J. (2008). Therapeutic...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Connection Between Sexual Activity And Urinary Incontinence

... Critical Review of Journal In their journal article, Tannenbaum, Corcos, and Assalian conducteda research to deduce a conclusion regarding the connection between sexual activity and urinary incontinence (UI). The findings revealed to have no correlation between sexual activity and the frequency of UI although the two variables were related to each other independently (Tannenbaum, Corcos, and Assalian, 1220). While the authors effectively considered marital status and age to be important determinants of sexual activity among older women, they failed to include other factors including family structure and the socioeconomic conditions. The authors seem to assume the old women to be lonely nesters or solitary survivors. Also...
4 Pages(1000 words)Article

NURSING ASSIGNMENT Continuing care - Incontinence

...Urinary and/or Fecal Incontinence in Adults, Journal of Wound, Ostomy & Continence Nursing, volume 29(1), pp. 45-54 Dallosso, H., Matthews, R., McGrother, C., Donaldson, M., (2004) Diet as a risk factor for the development of stress urinary incontinence: a longitudinal study in women, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, volume 58, pp. 920-926 Hoeman, S. (2002) Rehabilitation nursing: prevention, intervention and outcomes, London: Elsevier Health Sciences Gericare Online (2009) Bladder Training for Urinary Incontinence, Gericare Online, pp. 1-4, viewed 29 June 2010 from http://www.gericareonline.net/tools/eng/urinary/attachments/UI_Tool_9_Bladder_Training.pdf Liou,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

What is Akrasia (incontinence) according to Aristotle in Book 7 of Nicomachean Ethics

... of Lecturer August Akrasia The psychological explanation of akrasia (incontinence) according to Aristotle is based on the perception that the actions of people are not usually uncontrolled and unrestrained. When incontinent people feel the guilt of their actions, they are usually willing and ready to abandon them. Aristotle believes that it is not the emotions and passions of people that really make them to behave or act in a particular way. It is also not the absence of reason that makes people to behave in a particular manner and Aristotle believes that akrasia poses an extraordinary challenge for moral education. According to Aristotle, the feelings of an incontinent person are not usually more powerful than their reason as people have...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

A comparison of two products to decrease the incidence of MASD/IAD

...implications to patient care and may result in a number of issues including pain, secondary skin infections and misidentification, which can lead to ineffective treatment plans. In a study conducted by Junkins and Selekof (2007), 24 patients had fecal incontinence and 23 of those patients developed IAD. MASD/IAD increases a patients risk for pressure ulcer development (Driver, 2007). Numerous previous studies have shown that the use of preventive methods may decrease the incidence of MASD/IAD. However, there is a still research gap and it is uncertain as to which products are more effective. The purpose of this study is to critically investigate the feasibility of using Cavilon no sting barrier film...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Microbial Water Quality and Influences of Fecal Accumulation from a Dog Exercise Area

...Microbial Water Quality and Influences of Fecal Accumulation from a Dog Exercise Area" Article Critique Lynell and Walker’s “Microbial Water Quality and Influences of Fecal Accumulation from a dog Exercise Area” seeks to show how diseases among human beings can be caused by the animal feces that they come across through different means. Majorly, the contamination comes through water infected by the animal feces. The animal feces are disposed closed to Lake Intake points and hence the waste is carried into the water body (Garfield and Walker, 2008). The lakes then further acts as a daily source of water for domestic use in most developed countries. In conducting the study, sampling of the water was done at various points of the lake over...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Urinary incontinence

...Analysis of Risk Factors for Urinary Incontinence Dr. Zaheera Saadia Qassim College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia Zaheera Saadia, Assisstant Professor Obstetrics and Gynaecology Name of Department: Qassim University, College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia Correspondence: Dr Zaheera Saadia Email: zaheerasaadia@hotmail.com Ph:00966-558690574 Mailing address: Alrajhi building 4, Apartment 108, King Khalid Road, Buraidah, Al-Qassim ,Saudi Arabia Conflict of interest: Author has no conflict of interest Abstract Aim of Study: This study aimed at conducting an analysis...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Managing Urinary Incontinence in the Elderly

...incontinence rather than promoting continence. Promoting continence Promoting continence involves thorough assessment of the problem so that the causes are accurately identified and appropriately treated. The key to effective containment and continence promotion is the quality of the assessment, appropriate analysis of the data collected and provision of a plan of action which is suitable for the patient (Moody, 2000). The first step in the assessment of incontinence is proper history taking. This includes onset, duration of complaints, patterns, precipitants, frequency, severity, quantity, number of pads used, concomitant symptoms like fecal incontinence, pelvic...
21 Pages(5250 words)Research Paper

Urinary Incontinence

... a brief critique of their methodologies, so a comparison is done among the presented studies to arrive at a final conclusion. The articles that studied the fecal incontinence are excluded from this study. Review of Literature: Borrie and colleagues present the results of a randomised controlled trial of management of urinary incontinence by interventions led by nurse continent advisors. This is a very relevant literature since in the acute care settings, the doctors are overloaded, and only a nurse who has adequate knowledge and expertise in incontinence care would be able to discuss and communicate with the potential or established patients and promote incontinence. The authors present a concise review of literature and state that urinary...
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review

Real Cost of Capital

Also, other academics criticize the models' failure to incorporate other determinants of risks such as firm size, book-to-market ratio, etc. then the plain correlation of the risk of the assets to the market. Despite these criticisms, many practitioners in the corporate world still use CAPM for capital budgeting. These issues are probed in this paper.
CAPM or the capital asset pricing model has been a tool in modern finance that has been extensively used for capital budgeting. The capital asset pricing model is useful in estimating the required return on an equity stock of a company (Perold 2004). Under the principle of finance that rational investors will require higher returns to compensate them when they undertake projects...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Promotion of Continence and Management of Incontinence

...Promotion of Continence and Management of Incontinence Physiology of urination Urination is also known as micturition and basically, it is the process of passing urine (Wylie, 2000, p. 142). The bladder can accommodate an increasing amount of urine without having to increase pressure. This mechanism is made possible by the relaxation of the detrusor muscle (University of Oklahoma, 2001). When the bladder distends in order to accommodate 300 ml of urine, the stretch receptors in the wall of the bladder are stimulated and they send the message to the spinal nerves (Wylie, 2000, p. 142). The spinal cord through the spinal reflexes then opens the internal sphincter in the urethra in order to allow the entry of urine (Wylie, 2000, p. 142...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Fecal Incontinence for FREE!

Contact Us