Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Ophthalmic Care - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This assessment provides the students with an opportunity to demonstrate their specialist knowledge through a critical evaluation of relevant nursing issues within an ophthalmic care pathway. I chose to write about tonometry. Before coming to the nursing issues associated with nursing in an ophthalmic care pathway, it is important to delineate the basic academic concepts associated with tonometry…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.5% of users find it useful
Ophthalmic Care
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Ophthalmic Care"

Download file to see previous pages This is to distinguish the normal elevation of intraocular pressure seen in otherwise normal individuals. Measurement of intraocular pressure is thus one of the first completely new skills that a new ophthalmic nurse practitioner must master. Therefore, knowledge about it is important. Measurement of the intraocular pressure in a large number of normal subjects reveals a normal distribution extending from pressures of 10-12 mmHg to 25-28mmHg (Rossetti et al., 2008, 1053). The pattern of distribution fits a Gaussian curve, so that the majority of subjects have a pressure of about 16mmHg. For clinical purposes, it is necessary to set an arbitrary upper limit of normal. By and large, the eye can stand low pressures remarkably well, but when the pressure is abnormally high, the circulation of blood through the eye becomes jeopardised and serious damage can ensue. For clinical purposes, an upper level of 21 mmHg is often accepted. Above this level, suspicions are raised and further investigations undertaken. Thus measurement of IOP is a significant initial clinical diagnostic step that determines further course of action in such patients (Collaer, Zeyen, and Caprioli, 2005, 196-200). Many nurses need to practice the skill of this measurement since accuracy is a very important parameter leading to the further steps in the ophthalmic care pathway.
Now, the question is, why I have chosen measurement of intraocular pressure to demonstrate my skill as a new specialist nurse. Glaucoma is second only to cataract as a leading cause of global blindness and is the leading cause of irreversible visual loss, largely due to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). In 2002, it was estimated that 161 million individuals worldwide had visual impairment and 37 million were blind. Glaucoma accounted for 12.3% of global blindness, Bilateral blindness from glaucoma is projected to affect 8.4 million individuals worldwide by 2010 and greater than 11 million by 2020. Globally, glaucoma is a significant cause of vision loss that disproportionately affects women and Asians (Cedrone et al., 2008, 3-14). While increased IOP is a strong risk factor for the development of glaucoma, it must be remembered that many people with glaucoma have untreated IOPs of 21 mm Hg or less. Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most important known risk factor for the development of POAG, and its reduction remains the only clearly proven treatment. Several studies have confirmed that reduction of IOP at any point along the spectrum of disease severity reduces progression (Bowling, Chen, and Salmon, 2005, 1102-1104). The Collaborative Normal Tension Glaucoma Study has revealed that IOP reduction reduces the development of POAG in patients with ocular hypertension and reduces progression in patients with glaucoma despite normal IOP (Anderson, and Normal Tension Glaucoma Study, 2003, 86-90). In the UK, as mentioned by Kroese et al. (2002), glaucoma is, indeed, the second most common cause of blindness as estimated from blindness certification. This accounts for 11.7% of all certifications. In the age group of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Ophthalmic Care Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words”, n.d.)
Ophthalmic Care Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words. Retrieved from
(Ophthalmic Care Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words)
Ophthalmic Care Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words.
“Ophthalmic Care Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Public Health Care: Government's Best Care Provision

... Micro and Macro Economics 12 March Public Health Care: Government’s best care provision The issue of healthcare delivery in every nation is as complex as health care itself. Different views regarding the national delivery of health services to the public by the government has raised issues in the economic arena. Government expenditures for healthcare cover a large portion of the gross annual income of a country because health is deemed as an essential part of the man power-economy-state cycle intertwined and will affect the over-all stability of the nation. With this virtue is the social responsibility of the state upon the health of its people. Amidst the complexities of the health care delivery system this paper in its context...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Healt Care Reforms & Affordable Care Act

...?Introduction Health care reform is a procedure which gives detailed on the importance of health care, healthcare policies, coverage, insurance programs etc. This reform helps to ameliorate individual’s quality of health, direct and help them to bridge with the right health care specialists and also assure them that they will get the required medical aid in future. The major reason for introducing a healthcare reform was to reduce the economic burden on citizens. This paper tries to examine the US heath care reform bill, its economic effects, conditions that led to the introduction of the bill and some controversies linked to it. Also this paper tries to compare Canadian & US health care systems. Health Care Reforms & Affordable Care Act...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Older People Care (Social Care)

...?Older People Care (Social Care) Ageing is a biological process which is hardly beyond the control of human beings. The retirement age in developed countries is around 60 to 65, which is usually referred to as the beginning period of a person’s old age. According to Office of National Statistics (ONS) around “10.3 million people” (Population Ageing: Statistics para 1) in UK are of 65 years of age or above that. This is about 80% more than that of the statistics in 1951. During this period people aged between 65 years to 74 years were around 67%, and those who were 85 or more contributed 4%. Now the percentages are 51% and 14% respectively. UK’s age pattern has substantially changed over the years. According to a survey “between 1971...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Health care reform (Obama care)

... Health Care for America Plan is among the policies of President Barrack Obama designated at reducing the cost of health care in America. The plan generally seeks to reform the American Healthcare system to ensure that every American enjoys affordable health care cover and access to preventive healthcare services offered at fair rates. Contrary to initial practices that saw insurance providers discriminated against individuals with health problems prior to application, Obama care advocates for indiscriminate cover to all persons (Turner). The plan also advocates for compulsory health insurance for all employees paid by their employers. The clique “Obama care” as mostly known among Americans arises from the facts that it is an idea...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Ophthalmic Nursing

...Ophthalmic Nursing Introduction The aim of nursing is to develop health and social services with an aide range of skills and competencies in order to enhance care and maintenance to patients and clients. It enables the patients to meet head on the challenges of health care and development after exposing the nurses into proactive and reflexive stance in developing clinical skills, and knowledge (Springgay, 1925). The intrinsic belief of nursing program is to make a platform for making competent and reflective experts, who can be exposed in evidence-based practice and manage change constructively, to make a good impact on health and social care. Ophthalmic patients need more care than any other eye related diseases. Nursing procedure...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Newark Ophthalmic Centre

...Report for Mr. James Collington, Business Manager, Newark Ophthalmic Centre Dear Mr. Collington: It has come to our attention that your firm has reached a turning point in your efforts to implement your information system project. We have read the account of your situation and made a number of initial conclusions that may be of help. First, your project is at a critical stage characterised as lying on the boundary between the resounding success and catastrophic failure of your information system implementation. This is evident from the resistance you are presently encountering from key people in your firm: from your firm's owner (Dr. John Harrison) and the administrative staff who should benefit the most from the new system. Without...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Child Care for Babies

...Child care for babies Raising children is not easy. Unconditional nurturing to relationship development is a major factor we look into getting our babies enrolled in child care. This tangible relationship includes loving, close embrace, cuddling to maximizing body contact whenever the baby needs the attention. Babies are very fragile individual and can crawl anywhere or can be hurt anytime. They need to be constantly watch and being held most of the time. (Pantley 2003, 4-6). Natalie and Richard's concern is more on the emotional needs of the baby. They wanted to make sure that the caregivers in the child care center have the capability to demonstrate the kind of bonding and attachment that can replace parent's affection during...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Child Care - Care For Children

...Child: Max, aged 3.2 years Attendance Pattern: Three days per week – Monday, Thursday, and Friday Family: Two parents, only child. Other Information:Floppy teddy bear accompanies Max to care each day and is used at rest time. Limited friendships amongst peers. Quiet and often withdrawn. Uses aggression to initiate contact with other children – has difficulty initiating play. Only ever been separated from parents for a few hours at a time or over night – nanna and papa baby sit. Max’s dad is starting a new job. It is Max’s first day at child care today. He has only ever been separated from his parents for short periods of time and his paternal grandparents have always been his babysitters. Max’s parents are concerned about his socialization...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Should Health Care Be Organised Using a Market Mechanism

These exchanges take place in a market that may exist physically or virtually. Aside from location, the other key elements that allow transactions to take place are buyers and sellers and a medium of exchange referred to by the term money. Thus, a market mechanism allows the transaction in an economic system where buyers acquire from sellers certain goods or services in exchange for money at an agreed price. The degree of freedom a market enjoys is determined by the extent to which these different elements are allowed to be influenced by supply and demand conditions. These conditions affect the number of sellers and buyers and the prices they are willing to exchange for goods and services. In a free market system, prices are deter...
16 Pages(4000 words)Assignment

Current Legal, Ethical, and Regulatory Issues in Health Care

Unluckily, the borders have been violated and boundaries have been crossed. This results to compromise in patients’ care, and fatal consequences (Lakhan, 2007). 

According to Faria, Jr. (2003), the patient-doctor relationship that was formerly based on trust and beneficence has been violated. Moreover, the existence of HMO’s worsened the scenario. Many patients felt that their health care providers are no longer their advocates but rather, their adversaries. The relationship between the patient and the doctor was founded and based on privacy and trust. This has been an essential part of medical ethics and medical practice. However, the patient’s medical records confidentiality and privacy has been...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Empowering and Supporting Carers: How Far Is This Your Role as a Care Manager

In Great Britain alone, roughly one out of six adults between the age brackets of 16 to 74 years old have been diagnosed with the neurotic disorder and four out of a thousand adults between the same age bracket have been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder.  Although statistics show some changes in the age bracket where mental disorders occur over time, the National Statistics (2001) report noted that the highest prevalence rate of 20% adults with neurotic disorders is found between the age bracket of 40 to 54 years old. 

Clinical studies show that individuals who are diagnosed with mental illness usually reveals a pattern of psychological behavior which could result in either a short or long-term illness and...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Universal Health Care: For Better of For Worst

It is perplexing that one of the most powerful and most democratic nations in the world does not have universal health care. The citizens of the United States grow anxious and dissatisfied with the current health care system. Expensive health care costs, impersonal medical procedures exercised by medical providers, and the bleak future the long-standing health care system offers, prompted both the ordinary and the intellectual class to advocate a government-run and taxpayer-funded health care system that is patterned on one of the most useful elements of the present health care structure, Medicare (Langer para 1). It is very heartrending to know that multitudes of poor American citizens die from chronic diseases that are actually...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Critical Care Nursing

Respiration occurs at the alveolar-capillary units of the lungs where oxygen (O2) and Carbon dioxide (CO2) are exchanged through inhalation and exhalation bypassing the gas between the alveolar and the blood. In an ideal gas exchange, blood flow and ventilation must perfectly match each other. But even in a normal pair of the lung, some alveoli are under-ventilated and adequately perfused while others are over ventilated but inadequately perfused. Technically speaking, the optimally ventilated alveoli that are not perfused are termed high V/Q units (acting like dead space), and alveoli that are optimally perfused but not adequately ventilated are called low V/Q units (acting as a shunt) (Sat Sharma MD 2006).

The major f...
13 Pages(3250 words)Case Study

Historical Analysis Long-Term Care

In accordance with a survey published by the U.S. General Services Administration in 2004 ‘the number of elderly people residing alone without living children or siblings is expected to reach 1.2 million in 2020 — up from about 600,000 just a decade ago’ (U.S. General Services Administration, 2004, online article). Apart from the elderly, people with disabilities – as well as those with severe problems of health - also require continuous assistance in all their activities. The care of people belonging in the above categories is likely to last for quite a long (in most cases for the rest of their lives); for this reason, appropriate changes in existing legislation are made periodically in order to meet the n...
7 Pages(1750 words)Report

The Speciality of Colonial Heights Health Care

Colonial Heights Health care and rehabilitation center provides interdisciplinary support for the medical and physical needs of the patient with sickness and injury. They include neurological events, orthopedic surgery, oncology care, and general surgery. Other medical services comprise IV Infusion Therapy, specialised Alzheimer’s care, tracheotomy care, wound care management, rehabilitative nursing, occupational and speech therapy, etc. Respite care of the hospital provides clinical, psychological and emotional assistance through caregivers for patients who require additional support. Social Services of the health care center include volunteer programs, café dining, special outing, family gatherings, social service c...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Chilled Vehicles and Special Care of Products

Hiring another company or the third party to man the operations of the fleet of vehicles can put the company down. That would be like dealing with new employees who are not really working for the company, and who do not know our products. It will also be tantamount to revealing the secrets of our products and company that we have treasured all through the years. The best option is to work on the fleet of vehicles and get the right people to handle the operations. 
There are doubts as to the exact number of vehicles we have to purchase since these are all plans and some hypotheses. But we tried to scale down our output, made some estimates and inside surveys, and come out to some numbers, which were reached by calculating...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

...DECISION-MAKING IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE: ECONOMICS a) Why are market forces unsuitable for health service resource allocation? Refer in your answer to the problems of consumer sovereignty, agency, and health outcome measurement. Market forces, demand and supply, move in opposite directions with respect to price changes. When the price of a good is high the demand for it is less while the supply of it is greater. This is economic sense but nevertheless this positive economic statement about the predictable behavior of the consumer does not hold true when the demand patterns for Giffen and inferior goods are factored in. For instance when income, of the individual consumer, rises his demand for inferior goods such as potatoes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

The Interprofessional Practice and the Health Care System

This is also the position Stone (2007) takes in the quote under discussion.
Furthermore, Stone goes on to declare that Australia has been very slow to implement this practice as compared with other countries and government agencies. One of the primary reasons is that the public policy system in Australia is quite complex and the decision-makers have not come into agreement on where to place it in the policy matrix. This leaves Interprofessional Practice and Education in the dark (or the cold) as far as strategic planning for implementation as well as placing itself within the funding cycles of the government disbursements. (Stone, 2007)
Policies are created in order to put in place how politicians and government official...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Ophthalmic Care Delivery in Saudi Arabia

...that this institution has considerably decreased the prevalence of blindness and other eye-related health problems, in the elderly, by over 10 percent in the past few decades (Alwadani et al. 2010). However, it has been noted that there are certain regions and communities with relative surpluses in the delivery of quality ophthalmic care and short put of ophthalmologists and ophthalmic subspecialists. These researchers employed written survey to collect data from ophthalmology residence. The written survey contained questions on medical education, demographic information, residency training, and career goals that affect their career choice (Alwadani et al. 2010). The results of this...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Ophthalmic Care for FREE!

Contact Us