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Lockes Philosophy - Essay Example

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The events that took place in England in seventeenth century must have influenced the destinies of many people of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. They are constituent to an understanding of John Locke's life and work the man known to be an active participant in controversies of his era (Aldrich 1994, p…
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Environmental, spiritual and family influences that affected Locke's philosophical views 2009 Environmental, spiritual and family influences that affected Locke's philosophical views
The events that took place in England in seventeenth century must have influenced the destinies of many people of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. They are constituent to an understanding of John Locke's life and work the man known to be an active participant in controversies of his era (Aldrich 1994, p. 61).
Locke's family imparted to him the significance of self-discipline and independence and he remembered throughout his life. From early childhood Locke was heavily influenced by his father's behaviour. Locke's father was a rigorous and of course he was against overindulgence and kept his son in awe of himself (father). It is not clear Whether John as a young man really appreciated the concept of the severe regime his father followed, but it is a well known fact the Locke appreciated the mentioned concept as an adult: 'For, liberty and indulgence can do no good to children: their want of judgement makes them stand in need of restraint and discipline' [1, 62]. 'He that is not used to submit his will to the reason of others, when he is young, will scarcely hearken or submit to his own reason, when he is of an age to make use of it' (Aldrich 1994, p. 62).
There is not much information about Locke's early education nevertheless it is known that reading was his passion which he carried through his entire life. At Westminster Scholl in London he studied under the aegis of Dr Richard Busby, the man famous for his knowledge and his pitiless use of the birch-rod on the refractory students.
The ultimately arduous academic regime at Westminster school and later at Oxford, the severe birching due to the license that predominated over the students contributed to John Locke's essential repugnance to schools and correspondingly very strong predilection for domestic and private education.
It was even more confusing to Locke who had been brought up in a rigours Puritan and Parliamentarian surroundings, to discover that Richard Busby was a recognized Royalist, who did not make secret of his political commitment.
Religion and especially Christianity perhaps was of the most important impacts that influenced the Locke's philosophy. John's parents were Puritans and at Oxford Locke had a chance to become an Anglican priest, and he asserted being an Anglican to until his death. Others have claimed he was a follower of the Latitudinarians - an Anglican movement that stood up for a rational Christianity that ought to be accepted by dissenters. John Locke's religious thought had moved from a traditional recognition of his Puritan heritage to Latitudinarianism movement. Still we can argue that Locke was neither Latitudinarian nor an orthodox Anglican; there were some suggestions that Locke was an Arian or Unitarian (McLachlan, Hugh, 1941).
References
Aldrich, R. 1994, 'John Locke', PROSPECTS: the quarterly review of education, Vol. 24, no. 1/2, pp. 61-76.
McLachlan, H. 1941, Religious Opinions of Milton, Locke and Newton, Manchester, Manchester University Press. Read More
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