# A Concise Introduction to Logic - Book Report/Review Example

Summary
This passage brings to light the basic characteristics of deduction. The passage explains, through various examples, the multiple manifestations of deductions. One of the important qualities of deduction as explained in this passage is that it involves making conclusions that are systematic to the positions of the premises…

## Extract of sample "A Concise Introduction to Logic"

Download file to see previous pages From this perspective, the passage illustrates that deductive reasoning does not necessarily involve the element of truth.
It is summed up basically by the question of validity or invalidity of the argument. The passage provides resourceful insight into the character and aspects of syllogism and contradictions as they may play out in the rules of deduction. Further, this passage explores the meaning of induction as a way of expanding an argument by synthesizing new arguments and positions from the available positions. Structural similarities and differences between induction and deduction are explored in ways that give meaning to some of their basic qualities.
Claim
The passage provides some explanation about the place of a claim or thesis within the body of the argument. The centrality of a claim is paramount in the process of developing an argument towards a logical conclusion. It is important to establish a claim early in the argument in order to achieve the requisite level of consistency in the process of the argument. The merit of any argument is assessed from the manner in which the premises and other elements contribute to the validation of the substance of the claim. Grounds According to this passage, one of important features of evidence is the grounds. In general terms, grounds of an argument imply the facts, or evidence on which the argument is anchored. This passage establishes differences between the type of grounds of a deductive argument and one of an inductive argument. The grounds of an argument usually form the basis of determining the merit and substance of the argument. Premises and evidence are the grounds upon which deductive arguments and inductive arguments are based respectively. Backing All arguments require sufficient backing for them to hold. This passage makes the point that appropriate backing is required in order to reinforce the positions adopted by the argument. Backing usually involves the use of side arguments that are necessary for providing additional anchorage to the ideals developed by the study. It is therefore important to establish the different positions that relate to an argument, and which could be used to supply more strength to the argument. The necessity of backing in an argument is derived from the awareness of multiple possibilities within any particular field of study, or any issue that may require a logical analysis of facts (Hurley 114). Rebuttals Rebuttals are counterarguments that challenge the central concerns upheld by any given argument. Naturally, nearly all arguments must have their corresponding rebuttal argument. The strength of an argument is usually tested by the rebuttal argument. Arguments must compete with the claims provided by the rebuttal so that their real merits are supplied in a comparative analysis between the two. Applying rebuttals to different situations and arguments strengthens the value and quality of an argument. It allows the people involved in an argument to explore the vast nature of information and evidence that might provide alternative materials for the argument. In this sense, it becomes necessary to develop a habit of obtaining rebuttal arguments in order to enrich the quality of any argument. This strategy widens the perspective of the argument by supplying more information and filling the gaps that could be left within any given argument. Rebuttals are also important in clarifying on inconsistencies about arguments. Persuasion, Argument Dispute This passage distinguishes between the basic qualities of persuasion, argument, and dispute. The argument is built on various issues that relate to the differences in the forms of arguments. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
• APA
• MLA
• CHICAGO
(“A Concise Introduction to Logic Book Report/Review”, n.d.)
(A Concise Introduction to Logic Book Report/Review)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1458355-a-concise-introduction-to-logic.
“A Concise Introduction to Logic Book Report/Review”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1458355-a-concise-introduction-to-logic.
Click to create a comment or rate a document
pa
parkercamille added comment 2 months ago
Student rated this paper as
This essay saved me today. I liked the content. It was very useful for my miscellaneous course.

## CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF A Concise Introduction to Logic

### Logic

...Logic: Religious Extremism “Many Africans are concerned about religious extremism, including within their own faith. Indeed, many Muslims say they are more concerned about Muslim extremism than about Christian extremism, and Christians in four countries say they are more concerned about Christian extremism than about Muslim extremism.” (The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, POLL April 15, 2010, a Project of the Pew Research Centre) The Project The survey on religious beliefs and its effect on social and political order, undertaken in the Sub-Saharan Africa has been supported by grants from The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation as part of the Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures Project, which...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

### Binary Logic

...Binary Logic Binary logic, also known as Boolean or any two-valued logic, is based on the notion that something makesan X or its complement, presumably a not-X. Being a logic utilized when evaluating between a true or false in a test, binary logic pertains to variables which take on two discrete values, either a “1” or “0”. Logic employed on computers are binary by nature as well. One may find it convenient to interpret the two discrete values as two different integers, or analogously, as the two truth values namely “true” or “false”. This concept has been widely used in the field of social sciences and engineering especially on the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

### Logic Application

...LOGIC APPLICATION goes here] [Your goes here] [Due the paper] Logic Application A strong culture is the foundation of a strong society. Culture is the shared pattern of different human beliefs, behaviors, and interactions that pass on from generation to generation with some slight changes. However, sometimes the human beliefs embedded in the culture of a society goes against the teachings of the religion. If we take example of Christianity, the Holy book ‘Bible’ says that stealing is wrong, but the culture negates this statement by injecting a different belief in the minds of people. Culture promotes that stealing is not wrong when you are in need and the other person has excess. Now, this belief goes...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

### Logic

...Topic Is anthropogenic climate change (what used to be known as "global warming a problem that needs immediate and/or long term attention Introduction Anthropogenic climate change or global warming happens due to the greenhouse gas emitted from earth due to the activity of the human beings. Scientist by observing the polar ice melt has reached to a conclusion that green house gas emitted by earth is increasing from past few hundred years. Many studies reveal that the potent green house gas has increased after the post industrial period. The potent green house gas consisted of carbon did – oxide, nitrous oxide and methane. The significant increase in greenhouse is studies and results shows that this phenomenon is solely...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

### Logic Questions

...Closing Questions The philosopher from northern Greece is a well-known homosexual. Therefore, his claim that the universe is ultimately made up ofatoms should be ignored. This is a deductive argument. This argument is invalid and unsound because the reason given for why it should be correct is not logical, factual, or capable of being proven. It also does not provide a probable outcome that can be tested. The philosopher’s sexual preference has nothing to do with his perceptions of the universe. The information being given is more of an unfounded accusation being presented as a stated fact. 2. Every event in the world is caused by other events. Human actions and decisions are events in the world. Therefore, every human...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

### IT106-1404A-01 : Introduction to Programming Logic

...work, Logic and programming IT106-1404A-01 Introduction to Programming Logic Question Why do people design software beforestarting a coding implementation? It is very important to design software before the coding and implementation begins. This is because the design enables the identification of the input variables and their values required for the development of the program. Essentially, the design of a program gives a graphical illustration of the required architecture and functionality of the program. It thus enables the developer to understand the It is at the design stage where the flow of data and processes are defined, to avoid logic errors. Thirdly, the design...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework

### Introduction to Logic

...Introduction to Logic Speaking of the reason why logic is important, one should point out that it helps people to avoid fallacies while constructing arguments about quite important issues. Indeed, Philosophy primarily operates with notions where a single error is able to lead to terrible consequences (Salmon & Fogelin, 2012, 298). That is why the ideas that guide actions of the people should be free of fallacies which are removed by logic (Tarski & Tarski, 1994, 108) If I were to describe my logical process, I would have to mention that I tend to slow my pace of thinking down in order to analyze every claim that I am making in the process of coming up with the ultimate conclusion. I think that this allows me to pay more attention... to...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

### Applied Logic

...Applied logic: free will Free will is the aptitude of individuals to make rational decisions without being constrained by certain prevailing factors such as physical constraints, social constraints, metaphysical constraints and mental constraints. Therefore, free will suggests that the individual’s ‘will’ and ‘choices’ exist even in absences of man moral obligation. Subsequently, applied logic helps individuals to use their practical art of valid reasoning that is essential in guiding them to draw the conclusion in a specific situation (Lynch pg. 126). In that sense, we can say an individual who uses applied logic can achieve free will in their life. This is because the individual who...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

### A concise report

...THE RELATIONSHIP MARKETING APPROACH FOR COMPANIES OPERATING IN A GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT Introduction Many businesses are realizing the opportunities that are plentiful in the global markets. This realization is causing an increase in the number of multinational businesses across the world. According to Morrison & Morrison (2011), one of the reasons that can be attributed to this fast emerging trend is the liberalization of business activities in many countries, which has led to an increase in the number of businesses and entrepreneurs in many industries (21). The success of these many emerging businesses depends on their style of management and marketing, which is essential for customers knowing about their goods and services...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

### Logic

...Logic CATEGORICAL PROPOSITIONS Temporary workers are not eligible for fringe benefits. Translation: No temporary workers qualify for fringe benefits. Letter designation: B Quantity: Universal Quality: Negative Distribution of terms: Subject and predicate are both distributed. 2) Not all guilt feelings are psychological aberrations. Translation: Some guilty feelings are psychological aberrations. Letter designation: B Quantity: Non-universal Quality: Negative. Distribution of terms: Subject is not distributed, predicate is distributed. 3) Some television shows that depict violence incite violence. Translation: Not all television shows that depict violence incite violence. Letter designation: A Quantity: Universal Quality:...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment