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History of the Creation of a Terrorist Organization Al Qaeda - Term Paper Example

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This research paper examines the threat of international terrorism for the US homeland security. The author tells about the history of the creation of the international terrorist organization Al Qaeda and about the coming to power of its leader Osama Bin Laden…
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History of the Creation of a Terrorist Organization Al Qaeda
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Download file to see previous pages Osama Bin Laden came forth as the unrivaled supreme leader of al-Qaeda following Abdullah Azam, the chief ideologue of the Afghanistan War Volunteers and spiritual mentor to Osama was killed in an explosion in 1989. Immediately afterward, Bin Laden was praised as the leader of the organization, and all those who embraced al-Qaeda pledged their allegiance to him. Among the closest associates and advisors of Bin Laden was Muhammad Atef, al-Qaeda’s military commander, who was later on killed in 2001 by American shelling. Osama always worked in close and consistent consultation with dominant figures in the organization, more so on matters pertaining to al-Qaeda policy and decision making.
Even though Al-Qaeda joined the ranks of terror organizations conducting suicide attacks almost fifteen years after this form of operation became part and parcel of terrorism, it
became the predominant terrorist group in the late 20th century and the early 21st century in so far as suicide terrorism is concerned. Also, Al-Qaeda has played a critical role in the internalization of suicide terrorism, transforming it from a local phenomenon to a global phenomenon. As regards to ideological inclinations, al-Qaeda ushered in the ideal of self-sacrifice, istishhad, which symbolically represented a jewel in the crown of global jihad.
Preceding the September 11 attacks in the American soil, al-Qaeda had launched only three recognizable attacks. The first attacks occurred in August 1998 almost at the American embassies based in Kenya and Tanzania. Secondly, al-Qaeda claimed responsibility of the attack on the USS Cole in October 2000. The third attack occurred on September 9, 2001, two days prior to the attack in the U.S. It is widely believed that this last attack was launched against Ahmad Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Front, who spiritedly opposed the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. Following the attacks in the U.S., al-Qaeda carried out three other attacks, two of which employed suicide bombers acting under the directions of senior members of the group’s general command, and a further attack in Kenya in November 2002. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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