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Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure - Research Paper Example

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The writer of this paper will take a look at the epidemiology of the disease named right-sided congestive heart failure. Right-sided congestive heart failure is a condition characterized by failure of the right ventricle to pump sufficient blood into the body leading to myocardial dysfunction…
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Download file to see previous pages Its prevalence is 2% in ages 40-59, more than 5% in ages 60-69 and 10% in ages 70 and above. McMurray JJ, Pfeffer MA (2005). In 2005 of an estimated 58 million deaths globally, cardiovascular diseases accounted for about 30%. About 10% of the patients which are diagnosed with congestive heart failure die within a year while around 50% of the patients survive only for 5 years. (Swierzewski, S., J. 2000).
Heart failure is associated with impaired ventricular function and can be forward or backward failure, systolic or diastolic in nature and can be left sided or right sided. The heart being a pumping organ comprises of two atriums and two ventricles. The two ventricles represent separate pumping systems and it is possible for one to fail followed subsequently by the other resulting in either left-sided congestive heart failure or right side. Likewise in forwarding failure, an insufficient output of affected ventricle results in decreased perfusion to vital signs. However, in backward failure, blood tends to accumulate behind the affected ventricle causing increased pressure in atrium behind the affected ventricle. The low output of heart failure means an inadequate cardiac output while high cardiac output failure occurs when the heart pumps harder to meet up the demands of the body. Systolic failure results in problems with contraction of heart and ejection of blood while diastolic failure is characterized by problems in relaxation of heart and filling with blood.
Both men and women have an almost same incidence rate of heart failure, however, several differences are observed as women tend to develop heart failure after menopause, have more distinct signs and symptoms and have an elevated survival rate than men. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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