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Scientific Management and Human Relations Approach - Assignment Example

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This paper “Scientific Management and Human Relations Approach” will attempt to discuss different aspects of the scientific management approach and the human relations approach that will enable a comprehensive and critical understanding of both approaches…
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Scientific Management and Human Relations Approach
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Download file to see previous pages For many years, a huge number of experts (Donnelly, pp. 24-33, 2008) have been trying to define the term management; however, analysis has indicated that management is itself a vast terminology that constitutes various aspects of an organization. For some, management is something that involves people. For some experts, management is an art that includes strokes that incline individuals to perform the required tasks in an efficient manner. Due to such a broad scope of management, until now, one can come across various management theories that propose different and diverse methodologies to manage people in an organization, such as classical theory, neo-classical theory, behavioral management theory, etc. As earlier mentioned, this paper will compare and contrast Taylor’s approach of scientific management (Taylor, pp. 13-29, 1923) with Mayo’s approach to human relations.
In order to understand the scientific management approach, it is imperative to know about the individual who introduced it. In this regard, Frederick Winslow Taylor (pp. 41-53, 1923) introduced the notion of analyzing and carrying out things scientifically in an organization while promoting the idea of industrial efficiency in the organizations. Beginning from the engineering background, he later became one of the top consultants in the management field while remaining prominent for the different systems that he advocated during his professional career, such as piece-rate system, as well as time and motion project (Donnelly, pp. 26-30, 2008). On the other hand, Elton Mayo advocated the concept of human relations. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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