Performance Management: Concepts & Definitions - Literature review Example

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This review discusses the purpose of performance appraisals and how effective or ineffective they are in today's business environment. The review examines and evaluates an employee's work behavior by comparing it with preset standards…
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Performance Management: Concepts & Definitions
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Download file to see previous pages Performance appraisals are used to determine the quality of performance of each employee in his job. An idea as to those who have the talent or need training and those who may be promoted, demoted, retained, or fired will be obtained. The transitional differences in organizations over recent years have influenced the performance appraisal systems too to accommodate larger business opportunities and priority in the aims (Sonnentag, 2002, p. 115). Sonnentag has described performance appraisal as a “generic term covering a variety of processes whereby an individual’s work performance is assessed, usually by that person’s line manager and discussed with a view to solving problems, improving performance and developing the individual appraised” (2002, p.116). He has detailed three perspectives contributing to employee performance: the individual, situational and performance regulation.
The behavior, motivational personality and the interpersonal relationships of the employees play a role in the success of the appraisal systems. The appraisal would materialize based on the organizational politics and conflict avoidance of the appraiser, the appraisee’s behavior and the relationship between the two parties. The appraisee’s differences in behavior change his views on the “need for achievement, goal orientation, self-awareness and self-efficacy, self-esteem, the locus of control and feedback attitudes” (Sonnentag, 2002, p. 115). His performance level would depend much on his personality and mental make-up, the situational aspect where events may facilitate or obstruct his functional performance and the organizational performance regulations of goal setting (Sonnentag, 2002, p. 8).
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