This study will present the culture in the project management. Culture may differ from society to society, country to country or community-to-community as the social values, ideas and material objects of the societies are not all alike…
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According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that cultural artifact has a close correspondence while speaking about the culture Artifact simply indicates the things that are produced by spending the human labor and his or her artistic knowledge giving a sign of creativity in it. Actually, a cultural artifact is a human-made object, which represents the ideas and values of a particular culture. More categorically speaking, "Starting with the broadest category, we may say that cultural artifact include everything that is judged worth preserving because of its meaning. This doesn't include everything in the world, but anything in the world, concrete or abstract, could potentially become a cultural artifact". This may change due to the variation of the cultural ingredients. The concept of cultural artifact may also vary in the particular context of a given culture. Comic books are also essentially included as the cultural artifact as considering the definition or concept of the cultural artifact has been defined. It is considered as the unique literary. Comics industry has a longstanding reputation throughout the world. Even this has been expanded in the territory of Asia, with particular attention to Philippine and China. In reference to the comics industry in the Philippine, it is opined that "In 1978, it was hypothesized that since about 2 million commercially produced komlks -magasins bearing 44 different titles and appeared were either sold or released in the blanket, it was assumed, albeit conservatively, that if only six people read each copy, then komlks-magasins should easily have a readership of no less than 12 million". The growth of comics industry in Ireland has a documented glorious history. The rate of selling in the comics industry is radically increasing for it has the immense popularity among the people of Ireland. In Ireland, people are most prone to the comics literature as "the average Irish person prefer allocating new funding, theatre, opera and dancing which would be dwarfed by levels of interest in video games, films, and comics". Hence, Ireland has been turned into a fertile ground for the comics industry. Comics industry developed in Ireland is of special significance in regard to the issues of developing comic industry as the potential industry in the coming days. "Prior to 1960, for the outside observer, comic book circulation figures were hard to come by". In tracing out the historical context of the comics industry, it is necessary to mention that the comics books or comics industry for the first time appeared on the market during 1934. Relevantly, at the same time detective comics appeared in the year of 1937. One of the most important and significant comics' literature in its history is the Walt Disney's Comics and Stories in 1942. After the taking place of the world war second, the selling of comics' books increased at much higher. In the post-war period, the Walt Disney Comics and Stories got its highest position in the field of the comics industry as it was treated as the best selling comics books.
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mation 13 2.1.4 Learning Activities 13 2.2 Usefulness of Training for Expatriates 13 2.2.1 Cultural Awareness 14 2.2.2 Resolution of Ethical Dilemmas 14 2.2.3 Communication and Negotiation 14 2.2.4 Conflict Resolution 15 2.3 Requirements for Working in Multi-Cultural Teams and Developing Intercultural 15 Relationships 15 2.3.1 International Knowledge 15 2.3.2 A drive of Communicating 16 2.3.3 Sociability 16 2.3.4 Cultural Flexibility 16 2.3.5 Cosmopolitan Orientation 17 2.3.6 Collaborative Style of Negotiating 17 2.4 Learning Outcomes of the Tutorials and Discussion in Class 17 2.5 Ways to Increase Multi-Cultural Awareness and Decrease Impact of Stereotyping 19 References 20 1.0 Part 1 1.1 Ex
The potential use of these frameworks in the construction industry has not been adequately examined. In this paper, the ideologies available to the managers of construction projects for facing various cultural and behavioural challenges developed in the construction industry are critically reviewed.
To date, the estimated number of Filipinos in the U.S. is over ten million (Pimentel, 2010). Indeed, Filipinos have populated the U.S. for so long, but how this fact has affected the Filipino market is quite unclear. This paper investigates on the culture of the Filipinos and their behavior as a part of the U.S.
The importance of logistics increases greatly when the main purpose of the project is to deliver food and basic aid to individuals suffering from malnutrition and poor living conditions (Thomas, 2003). Logistics basically encompasses a number of processes and methods to ensure a smooth flow of materials and resources from a place where they are manufactured or produced to the area or place where they are needed.
Employees are encouraged to be innovative, but at the same time they are expected to show strong proof of progress achieved by them. However, not too much of time is provided for experimentation as the organization does not tolerate delays. The top management of this organization feels that if an employee can deliver 80%, he should be given the target of 160%.
Chief among these factors are the size and culture of the organizations themselves (Mills, 1984, p 5).
The size of an organization here is seen in terms of the number of personnel involved rather than the geographical size
Some of the methods that they use to retain the level of competition with their particular fields is through the use of innovative techniques as well as the application of current technological skills in their operations.