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Job Design - Essay Example

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Work motivation refers to the sets of active forces, which emanate from both within and beyond a person’s being, to commence work-related behaviour and determine its direction, form, duration, and intensity. Appreciating what motivates employees is a vital part of the study of industry and organisational psychology. …
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Job Design
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"Job Design"

Download file to see previous pages Organisation is the core of business in 21st century organisations. Modern organisations are extremely efficient and organized, making the organisations function effectively and increase their productivity. This involves breaking down tasks linked with different components in an organisation, resulting in the concept of job design. Job design developed with speedy technological advancements of the 20th century, particularly when assembly line operations and mass production became the mainstay in organisations. In the 21st century, jobs are continually becoming specialized and sophisticated, hence the need for highly educated and motivated employees within the workforce. The primary purpose of job design is to enhance both employee productivity and motivation. Increased productivity manifests itself through a number of forms, for instance, focus can centre on the improvement of quantity and quality of products and services, the reduction of training costs, turnover and overall operation costs. On the other hand, enhancing employee motivation is attainable through increased job satisfaction. In light of this, Herzberg’s Two-Hygiene Theory describes two groups of factors, dissatisfying and satisfying, which impact employees’ self-esteems, as well as opportunities for self-actualisation within the work environment. This involves hygiene factors and motivators. Herzberg poises that hygiene factors do not necessarily motivate employees when they are present, but their absence results in dissatisfaction (Latham & Pinder 2005, p. 503). Hygiene ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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