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Human Resource Management has evolved significantly over recent decades with an increasing emphasis on contributing to business - Assignment Example

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Different approaches to strategic human resource management Executive Summary Human Resource Management has evolved significantly over recent decades with an increasing emphasis on contributing to business goals and achieving a competitive advantage through a more strategic approach…
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Human Resource Management has evolved significantly over recent decades with an increasing emphasis on contributing to business
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"Human Resource Management has evolved significantly over recent decades with an increasing emphasis on contributing to business"

Download file to see previous pages The introduction of globalization and the subsequent growth of cross cultural business made a further name change in the employee management department. Now, instead of HRM, Strategic HRM is prominent in the organizational world. Employees are the backbone of any organization. Even though an organization has many other resources, human resources are the most important ones. All the other organizational resources such as machines, money and materials, need the supervision from human resources for proper utilization or mobilization. This paper evaluates different approaches in strategic human resource management (SHRM) and describes the positioning of SHRM in contemporary context. Introduction According to Bratton & Gold (2012), “Labour is not a commodity. It is people in work organizations who sets overall strategies and goals, design work systems, produce goods and services, monitor quality, allocate financial resources and market the product and services” (p.8). Even though an organization has many internal and external resources, none of them has the ability to act independently except the human resources. In other words, all the organizational resources can be mobilized properly only under the control of human resources. There is nothing wrong in saying that HR can make or break an organization. Boddy (2008) defines Human Resource Management (HRM) as “the effective use of human resources in order to enhance organizational performance” (p.354). Because of globalization, majority of the prominent companies are currently operating cross culturally. Outsourcing and offshoring like modern business principles were evolved out as a result of globalization. Exploitation of cheap labor is vital for an organization for staying competitive in the market. Moreover, diverse workforce is common in most of the modern organizations. Management of diverse workforce necessitates restructuring or modifications of many of the existing HRM principles. Instead of HRM, SHRM is common in most of the modern organizations. According to Bratton (N.d.), “Strategic human resource management is the process of linking the human resource function with the strategic objectives of the organization in order to improve performance”(p.37). The ability to stay competitive determines the success and failures of modern organizations. The way of doing business in the past and present are entirely different. SHRM helps organizations to formulate strategies suitable for the changing principles in the organizational world. Different approaches and models are prevailing in the organizational world with respect to the implementation of SHRM. Different approaches in strategic human resource management (SHRM) According to Bratton (N.d.), “Strategic HRM’ is an outcome: ‘as organizational systems designed to achieve sustainable competitive advantage through people’” (p.46). For example, plenty of American companies are currently struggling in international market, not because of the poor quality of the products they produced, but because of the huge price of these products compared to the prices of products from competitors. It should not be forgotten that America is a country in which manpower cost is extremely high. On the other hand, China and India are countries in which manpower cost is extremely low. Nobody has any doubt about the technological dominance of American companies. However, expensive labor preventing American companies from competing effectively in the global market. Currently, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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