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The 2009 Chrysler-FIAT Strategic Alliance - Case Study Example

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Strategic alliances could be of various types depending on the structure and objectives. These would take forms of franchising, cooperatives, equity investments, joint ventures and distribution relationships among others. While some would be short lived, others result to mergers. Case study The motives for entering into a strategic alliance vary in various cases. In 2009 when Chrysler entered into a strategic alliance with FIAT, the prevailing market factors were quite dynamic. This was the period around which major corporations were facing the negative impact of global economic recession and escalating oil prices. Massive losses were therefore reported as companies tried to salvage themselves through downsizing. Furthermore, consumer demand weakened. There was therefore the need to realign structures in organizations so as to guarantee survival. The weaknesses of one organization would be compensated by the strengths of the other as each of them seeks to acquire the strengths possessed by the partner. Strategic alliance in the auto industry would be motivated by economies of scale and increased productivity. In their alliance, Chrysler was to provide FIAT with technology in addition to the latter eyeing assembly platforms too. FIAT had previously withdrawn from the North America market in the 1980s due to stiff competition from other giants in the industry like GM, Toyota and Nissan. This alliance provides the company with a strategic partner to aid in re-capturing the market and at the

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long run be able to compete with the other auto makers dominating the market. On the other hand, Chrysler had been marred with debts, gone bankrupt and had also been negatively affected by labor union contracts. FIAT would provide the motor manufacturer with small cars technology which was behind its 2004 success recovery strategy. In addition, Chrysler could benefit from the leadership of Marchionne who was able to turnaround FIAT during its difficult times. The alliance between these two companies would be more compatible because other than their symbiotic needs, they are both involved in small car manufacturing. This would increase their capacity to pool their resources together and consolidate their brand portfolios so as to save in technology platforms and research and development. Similarly, the result of this alliance has its aims at the same target market, which would largely be the middle class citizens in Europe, North America and emerging markets. However, there would be a price to pay for each of these corporations. There would be changes in organizational structure and management. Chrysler would be hard hit because it faces bankruptcy therefore a need to overhaul its structures. In fact, this could be the reason that Marchionne, FIAT’s CEO would also head Chrysler other than because of his turn around capability. The result of this could include job cuts, consolidating dealer networks or even closing down of plants. In the long run, it would be difficult to recast the brand image of products of each of these partners. FIAT could also face the challenge of having to deal with North America and Europe labor unions. It would be important for the heads of
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Summary

Name: Title: Course: Tutor: Date: The 2009 Chrysler-FIAT Strategic Alliance Introduction The term strategic alliance has been widely used as a competitive weapon in the modern business environment. Strategic alliance refers to a voluntary, formal agreement between two or more organizations or business units to pool their resources together so as to achieve strategically significant goals while maintaining their independence…
The 2009 Chrysler-FIAT Strategic Alliance
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