Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Reasoning - Book Report/Review Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the article,James Weber presents a conceptual adaptation of Lawrence Kohlberg’s Standard Issue Scoring method and the Moral Judgment Interview emphasizing on the six stages of moral reasoning …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.7% of users find it useful
Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Reasoning
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Reasoning"

Download file to see previous pages This review seeks to analyze how the author achieves an efficient moral assessment tool of moral reasoning at the work place and the shortcomings of the article, especially in the six stages of moral reasoning. From a personal perspective, the theories of moral judgment interviews and the standard issue scoring method have significantly changed, and may be inapplicable in some instances. Background Information The article was an effort by James Weber to highlight the importance and methods of assessing manager’s moral reasoning. The article aims at enhancing the awareness of moral reasoning of managers and its influence in decision making regarding ethical situations and moral dilemmas. The ultimate understanding and predictability of organization and managerial ethical behavior will successfully help in designing an appropriate guides and incentives that will assist managers in decision-making that regards organizational moral and ethical issues. Summary Moral and ethical issues are a common feature in organizations. However, there are no precise methods available for managers to base their decision-making processes concerning ethical and moral conflicts. There have been efforts to design a model that is applicable to all ethical and moral conflicts, notably the Moral judgment Interview (MJI) and the Standard Issues Scoring method, by Lawrence Kohlberg (Weber 295). The two theories try to lay the foundation for assessing moral situations and the consequent decision making process. Nonetheless, Kohlberg assessment method has a specific design of assessing individuals from childhood to adulthood, thus Weber proposes a few key changes that will counter the unnecessary characteristics. The modification concentrates on four areas. One, mixing dilemmas that are more familiar and with less familiar dilemmas in an organizational environment, then, a follow-up in form of interview questions that analyze the moral reasoning of managers with regards to organizational values. Thirdly, it considers the flexibility of using a written or oral interview, and lastly, a simple, reliable formula that assesses manager’s responses while identifying their moral reasoning stage. Weber then moves to analyze Kohlberg’s stages of moral reasoning with adequate details of each level and stage. According to Kohlberg, individuals develop moral reasoning in three levels: pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional. Each of the three levels has two stages, making the moral reasoning model to have six stages in total (Weber 296). At the pre-conventional level, an individual responds to “wrongs” and “rights” by consequential actions like punishment and rewards, or through imposition of power by the makers of the rules. In the first stage (Obedience and Punishment Orientation), consequential physical actions determine the badness or goodness. The second stage (Instrumental Relativist Orientation) defines a right action as the one that satisfies an individual’s needs. Equality and fairness elements interpretation are in terms of pragmatic or physical consequences directed towards the decision maker. At the second level, aligning to the expectations of the society or family is valuable. Stage three (“Good Boy Nice Girl”), place emphasis on behavior that helps others and is approved by them. Individuals conform to personalities that exhibit the “natural” behavior or the stereotypical majority image. In stage four (Law and Order Orientation), individuals make their decision as members of a society (Weber 296). The foundation of this perception is the societal setup, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Book Report/Review”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Book Report/Review)
“Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Book Report/Review”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Reasoning

Clinical Reasoning Assessment Scenario manage pain and discomfort. The patient should then appear to be relaxed, able to rest or sleep and participate in activities properly. Nursing Interventions: The attending nurse should be able to assess pain, character, location, severity, precipitating and relieving factors and duration. She should use a pain rating scale. The rationale for the intervention is that pain assessment provides clues about diagnosis. It is used to determine treatment required. The nurse should also encourage relaxation of the patient. The rationale is to promote rest, redirect attention and enhance coping (McGinn, Miles, Uglow, Ozmen, Terzi, Numby, 1995). The nurse should also allow the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Moral Dilemmas and Moral Reasoning

...established for the common benefit of the group (Markus& Kitayama, 1991). Therefore, at this stage children learn the necessity of following such rules is not for the fear of the repercussions, but for the enhanced good of all. Here, they perceive the rules as necessary to follow, but amenable to negotiations (Blasi, 1983). This is out of the realization that their decisions may either hurt or benefit anyone. Kohlberg's stages of moral development theory is yet another theory that explains moral development. The theory is based on six stages, which are easily grouped to three stages of moral development. The theory postulates that moral...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning

... 3 June Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning Lawrence Kohlerg, a psychologist, broke ground when he proposed a theory discussing the stages of moral reasoning. At different age levels in development and cognitive thing, a person is able to grasp different aspects of moral reasoning and is applied to an individual's thinking, causes differing actions and behaviors. There are three different levels including pre-conventional morality, conventional morality and post-conventional morality. Within each of these is a series of stages, three each per level to complete this theory (McDevitt & Ormrod). While fellow psychologist, Jean Piaget developed a two stage process of moral development, Kohlberg elaborated on the theory to incorporate... the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Article review on adapting Kohlberg to enhance the assessment of managers' moral reasoning

...? Article review: Adapting Kohlberg to enhance the assessment of managers' moral reasoning Introduction Morality or ethics is one of the rapidly disappearing subjects from this world. Organizational world is one area in which morality losses its prominence rapidly. It is often said that modern managers are showing less respect towards morality while dealing with organizational matters. They wanted to increase the profits at any cost. In their strive for maximizing profits, they often forced to sacrifice moral values and ethics while...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review

Lawrence Kohlberg

...the requirements of the previous stage are satisfied. In addition, theory goes on to state that one cannot jump between stages due to the above reason and morality in an individual is not measured based on the actions of the individual in question, but rather it is measured by how the individual thinks (Yahaya, n.d.). This is because an individual can speak of morality, but it is not guaranteed that the person will act upon his or her words backed by the same morality accentuated in the words. The first division of moral development, according to Kohlberg, is that of preconvention, followed by the conventional and finally...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

James Weber and Kohlbergs theory

... on the critics of other authors on Kohlberg’s theory which was not the main purpose. Conclusion This paper would recommend that in future, the researcher should concentrate more on the main purpose of the article than on side issues such as criticisms. This study matters since it is relevant to to assess how managers use moral reasoning in decision making as managers should do things right rather than the “right things”. Reference Weber, James, Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers: Business Ethics Quaterly, 1991. Print.... James Weber and Kohlberg’s theory Introduction This paper intends to review on the facts laid down by James Weber on his article, Adapting Kohlberg...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review

Psychometric Assessment Experience: Reasoning Ability

...Psychometric Assessment Experience: Reasoning Ability Employers conduct psychometric tests of reasoning ability, or skill, to their staff before hiring them. This exercise is characterized by a set of questions that are not from a specific subject. The main aim of these tests is not to assess one type of skill, but is given in a component test to provide a full package of skills assessment. Studies have shown that men and women perform differently on psychometric tests, with women performing better than men in specific tests and vice versa. Women do well in aptitude tests that assess verbal ability for a job opportunity compared to men....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Peter Singer. Moral Reasoning

... Peter Singer: Moral Reasoning The analysis of Peter Singer is an interesting comparative analysis of reasoning from different schools of moral thinking. The main thesis of Singer is therefore a critical examination of the moral reasoning based majorly on the utilitarian and deontological theories or moral reasoning. In the determination of the moral standards of policies, values, and other practices, the whole precepts of moral reasoning are applied. Focusing thinking into wrongs and rights make thinking very logical and moral. According to the Utilitarianism theory, a critical reasoning tend to benefit majority in the sense that a moral act in its right form will tend to promote happiness to as many people as possible. However... to the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Moral Reasoning

...Moral reasoningMorality is one of the factors that affect people’s decisions. it defines values that an individual seeks to respect when making decisions. A person may follow such principles, strictly, or may sometimes rely on the moral principles weakly. Parsimony test shows the extent to which a person sticks with moral principles. Below is a comparison of my test results and the way my moral reasoning operates. I scored 60 percent in the test. The results are high when a person follows moral principles. The results are low if a person is flexible in using moral principles. This...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Reasoning

...Enhance the Assessment of Manager’s Moral Reasoning The article titled, “Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Manager’s moral Reasoning” by James Weber assesses the significance of understanding manager’s response to moral and ethical dilemmas they face during the course of business. The author deplores the absence of a proper method to evaluate the phenomenon. He describes that available method presented by Lawrence Kohlberg sought to identify a person’s...
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Book Report/Review on topic Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers Moral Reasoning for FREE!

Contact Us