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Relation of the West to the Third World - Essay Example

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This work "Relation of the West to the Third World " describes such issues as wealth, development, and levels of industrialization. The author outlines Cohen’s and Jaggar’s arguments concerning the factors of globalization. It is clear that globalization is good for human beings but has to be implemented with caution so as to mitigate the adverse effects…
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Relation of the West to the Third World
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Download file to see previous pages The first one is the one that took place in the 16th Century. This globalization involved global conquests and opposes Diamond’s ideologies of why some countries are richer than others. According to Diamond, genetics and the climate of countries determined their prosperity. However, Cohen opposes these views by bringing out the fact that agriculture and domesticated plants and animals played a key role in dividing countries according to their modernization and wealth. The fact that Europeans subdued natives from other regions are supported by the claims that they had animals that provided them with immunity to communicable diseases, unlike the natives. The tyranny of others, as explained by Cohen, enabled them to immunize their large populations against the effects of globalization, which, on the other hand, destroyed natives of the regions they conquered. The aspect of having large countries with larger populations also helped developed countries in Europe come up with helpful innovations, and the east-west axis they lived in created common problems and solutions for them. This is contrary to the north-south axis that characterized some of the poor regions such as Africa (Cohen, 2006).
The 19th Century globalization also influenced the difference in wealth between countries. This age was characterized by the communications revolution that transformed trade between nations. It also witnessed one of the largest migrations in the history of humankind, with the Europeans moving to newly discovered territories such as the Americas. This movement was characterized by the exportation of wealth and manpower, the two primary factors that promoted the development of infrastructure in the countries that received the European immigrants. This exportation explains the difference in development between Africa and North America. The migration also raised wages in England, increasing the people’s wealth relative to the rest of the world. The conquest of territories and the implementation of international division of labor created poverty in some countries such as India and made England rich.
The New World Economy as seen in the 20th Century has also contributed to the differences in wealth between countries. In this stage of globalization, the movement was more immobile, and the internet took over the communications sector. The business was enhanced between European countries as opposed to David Ricardo’s argument that real business was between distant and different countries. The adoption of economies of scale and full trade sustainability defines the difference between the rich and poor nations. The poor developmental decisions made by states after the colonialism period also affected their wealth and mortality rate, with some increasing the rate at which diseases and malnutrition endangered their population (Cohen, 2006). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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