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14). They aim at explaining the reason behind large numbers of unemployed and underemployed blacks relative to whites and the wage gaps between blacks and whites and between genders.
This paper discusses the salient differences between these two models; the neoclassical economics theory and the political economy models of the labor market. It includes a discussion on the importance of the differences in the realm of race and gender while highlighting the critiques of neoclassical presumption by political economists.
In neoclassical economics, discrimination is analyzed in simplicity using the same implements used to understand market behavior. Discriminators here are either maximizing their welfare or minimizing any apparent risk (Albelda et al. 36).Under this model, discrimination in the labor market is not a long-term phenomenal. Discrimination in the labor markets takes the form of higher wages for white workers relative to black workers equipped with similar skills and carrying out similar productive jobs under similar working conditions; job segregation of blacks into lesser-paying jobs; and high unemployment rates for blacks relative to whites (Albelda et al. 60). The wide persistence of discrimination is attributed to low competition among firms and workers and incomplete information in the labor market.
Employers taste leads to higher costs as it hampers competition among workers. The discriminating firms directly cover these higher costs by paying higher wages for labor power. According to neoclassical economics, this approach of discrimination is efficient in allocation of scarce resources in the labor markets by the discriminating firms (Albelda et al. 65). Neoclassical economic models assume that competition combined with employers’ diversity in tastes eradicates labor market discrimination. A competitive market will increase
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The creations of gender role concepts have led to a false irreconcilable difference, whether reinforced by feminists or traditionalists. On close investigation, gender role ideals have turned out to be generalizations and misrepresentations. The indiscriminating use of gender role ideas takes care of authority differences between women and men, and ignores the complications and shared aims of human experience.
Their everyday lives are affected by these social constructs. At the same time, race, class and gender also have meaning on the macro level of community and society. The macro level is known as social structural, while the micro level is known as social psychological (Fiske-Rusciano, 2009).
Political representation is essential in the society because politics determine the laws that govern a country, and the method of distributing resources. The Congress is the law-making body, and everyone in this association represents the interest of a certain society.
The landmark ruling by the Supreme Court in the case Brown v. Board of Education 1954 saw immense dismantling of most forms of de jure racial discrimination and segregation. However, in a different form, five decades down the line, the US remains segregated as it was before (Susan, 17).
For instance, sexuality and gender are interrelated because there is a close link between gender differences and sexual behavior of individuals. For instance, researchers argue that women are "naturally" more sexual than men, according to historical, cultural, and political construction of sexuality. Class and race are interrelated concepts determining social variables and ethnic differences in the social environment.
Firstly, it allows the people to network outside their box of self comfort and permits people from different backgrounds to build solid business alliances and also learn from the experts in various fields. Also the differences among the people and the quality of life of
The author states that discrimination based on race and gender may be alleviated by a paradigm shift in terms of mindset. The whole system of discrimination is built on mere distorted ideas, and perceptions made manifest. If this can be corrected via education, reorientation and cultural understanding it would cease.
Nothing has changed to date because racism still exists. Despite the many campaigns held and activist’s foul cry over racism and discrimination, racism is still the order of the day especially in America where people