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I agree with Karl Marx that capitalist societies are characterized by class tensions. Modern capitalist societies are adopting liberalism and racial justice strategies in order to achieve equality and liberty in the society. The liberalism strategies aim to attain class harmony, as opposed to class conflict. The strategy institutes regulatory and social welfare frameworks, which address the grievances of the lower and middle classes (Pilling 56).
The racial justice strategy aims to protect and extend constitutionally assured rights to individuals who have traditionally been deprived of their privileges on the basis of race. The strategy is dedicated to maintenance racial parity and fighting racism in all ways through legislative initiatives, community training and organizing, litigation, and public education. These ways aim to address the extensive range of issues, which unreasonably and negatively impact individuals of color (Pilling 59). These strategies are demonstrated by political ideologies in United States especially between Republicans and Democrats. Democrats adopt liberalism strategies through social welfare programs and regulatory frameworks, which aims at addressing the grievances of the lower and middle classes. Republicans aim to dismantle these regulations and programs, and this consistently agitates racial tensions, which are habitually entrenched in class
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The targeting of these groups is evident when police profile according to race of the individuals, the identification of then suspects from a minority group majorly based on ethnic origin on color constitutes racism in the criminal justice system Spalek (2008).
The judicial system is perhaps one of the best examples of manifestation of racial disparity in America with African-Americans and other minority groups such as Hispanics claiming to receive more law enforcement emphasis and unfair treatment throughout the entire process of arrest, incarceration and parole (Crutchfield et al, 2009).
Liberalism refers to a political philosophy or global perspective based on notions of equality and liberty. Liberals champion an assortment of views based on their awareness of these principles. Generally, liberals defend notions such as civic rights, private property, free and fair elections, free trade, freedom of religion and freedom of the press.
Abuse experienced during childhood has both short-term and long-term negative effects on the health and life of an individual. It is rather unfortunate that in spite of the voluminous research drawing upon this relationship, it is not acknowledged quite frequently in the general medical literature.
Racial minorities in the UK, especially blacks, must experience the justice system not as a safeguard to their safety and security but rather as a threat. “Since at least the post-World War II black immigration into Britain, studies and official statistics have shown that on comparing socioeconomic indicators such as employment, housing, and education, black people are more marginalized than other racial groups.” (Kalunta-Crumpton, 2000).
Thus, there is a need to develop insights on how it can remain relevant and effective in society (Wall & Williams, 2007). Subsequently, this valuation of criminal justice systems is the reason for the varying perspectives and opinion. One of the most critical debates existing is between due process and crime control models.
The death penalty is one of the most contentious topics and only those damned to the wages of this indisputable sin surpass it. Minorities like Hispanics, Latinos and African-Americans aggregate this ongoing barrage of prejudice.
Indeed, liberalism often becomes the major platform for delinquent behavior and ideology that promotes racism. The dominant theory of liberalism is founded on the ideas of Whites that often negates the existence of black or refuses to recognize them as equal. The duality
A just society does not permit any form of discrimination including racial discrimination or profiling. Each individual in the society has a task of ensuring that the society is just and that they are responsible for any form of injustices that occur. Both Young and Mills have discussed injustices in the society.
As the report declares there is no doubt that the statistics regarding those who are arrested shows that African Americans and Hispanic Americans are more likely to be incarcerated than Americans of Caucasian race. The people were charged with, they include violent, property, drug, public order, weapon, immigration offences as well as misdemeanors.
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