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Stumper 3 - Assignment Example

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Whenever expenditures in the federal government grow far above the tax collections, the economy experiences a negative impact which is the rise of budget deficits and the growth of national dept (Mankiw 2011). This occurs when the tax collection becomes inadequate to cover the…
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The loanable funds market and government expenditures a. Negative impact associated with high federal government expenditure and low tax collections.
Whenever expenditures in the federal government grow far above the tax collections, the economy experiences a negative impact which is the rise of budget deficits and the growth of national dept (Mankiw 2011). This occurs when the tax collection becomes inadequate to cover the government spending. The rise in budget deficits and national dept is attributed to intentional allocation of spending too far above the tax receipts by the congress. The government spending and tax collection is occasionally affected by unplanned events that become apparent to the government and have to be addressed. For instance, when a country is faced by the threat of wars, it compels that the government purchase some military equipments which consequently induces the need for bonds to settle the expenditures.
b. Effects of the scenario above on the loanable funds market.
Since the public savings is one of the major sources of the loanable funds market, its deterioration would cause a negative impact on the funds. When we have government spending surpassing the tax collection, it means there is minimal government savings and this leads to decrease in funds as it has to fund what tax is not able to cover (Mankiw 2011). However, when the governments refund the loanable funds market with significant profits, it contributes to its growth.
c. Impact of the scenarios above on the international finance
It is clear from the case study that capital inflows and capital outflows are the two parts of the international capital account. The capital inflow provides loanable funds which are exchanged with financial assets (Mankiw 2011). This indicates that when a country is suffering from national dept or budget deficits, it benefits the international finance whereby it allows for financial exchanges. Capital outflow is a direct opposite of this.
Work cited
Mankiw Nicholas. Principles of economics. Mason: Thomson South-Western Press, (2011) Print. Read More
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