Intellectual Property (IP) is a policy designed to create research and development investment incentives by giving exclusive rights to innovations by inventors for a fixed time frame. According to this literature, the issue of the effects of IP on subsequent innovation of a…
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It does so by analysing human genome sequencing that was done by the public Human Genome Project and Celera, a private entity. It also estimates the effects of Celeras gene-level IP on outcomes of successive research and product development. The result of the analysis was that:
This paper tackles a pertinent topic with the use of empirical evidence in shading light on intellectual property. The fact that the author uses a scenario with two key players (Public Human Genome Project and the private firm Celera) is an exemplary way of showing what works and what does not work. Taking this topic from an empirical point of view brings out IP variations across a rather large group of ex ante similar technologies. In addition, the author has shown how it traces out the impacts of IP on subsequent scientific research investments and product development outcomes. However, even though I agree that the author has done an admirable job, there are some concerns observed that I should be addressed before the paper is ready for publication.
The main issue that needs to be addressed is that although you have clearly stated your intention of analyzing the human genome sequencing by both public Human Genome Project and Celera, a private organization, and estimating the effect of Celera’s gene-level IP on the ensuing scientific research and product development outcomes, I can see that you have only focused on genetic sequencing of the human genome. You need to give equal weight to all the objectives of your study and only after that can you be able to decide on a more significant objective.
Be more specific about the historical accounts you refer to when you mention the relevance of selective DNA sequencing of the early years of the public effort. It is advisable to use known references when referring to time so as to give credibility to the information you are presenting.
You have not had not clearly stated whether
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A study conducted by Business Software Alliance in 2009 found out that illegal software market caused approximately $53 billion in damages globally. It is in this regard that protection of intellectual property rights has become very crucial in the software market so as to protect the industry from software pirates.
I would make it more professional, include details of company products and their characteristics in terms of intellectual property rights. I would also include comprehensive information on IP Law in relation with the Information and Communication
The experiments required the participation of various public and private organizations such as the Department of Energy, Chromosome 21 Consortium, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Stanford Genome Technology Center, Baylor College of Medicine, and
Examples of industries that may require intellectual property protection include: Writers, film making, artists, musicians, pharmaceutical, computer software designing, web developers, telecommunications and so on. A company may sue another company working
could be used.
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to terrorism by identifying element related to terrorism and subsequently preventing their entry into the country. In this respect, Smart Borders are denoted by Andreas (2009) as borders that incorporate strategies outside the United States to monitor
An express contract involves an agreement where the terms are stated by the parties orally or in written form. The contract reflects the intention of the parties in agreement (US Legal, 2015). For example, John wants to purchase a house.
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