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The former was achieved by formulating monetary policies which included lowered interest rates (as low as 0%), heavy purchase of Treasury bonds and mortgage securities and liquefaction of credit for financial markets and institutions. The deposit insurance limits for financial institutions were increased and comprehensive stress tests were conducted to ensure the stability of the existing institutions. TARP (Troubled Assets Relief Program) was launched in 2008 to navigate finances back into the banking institutions (Blinder and Zandi, 2010). These efforts ensured that the existing institutions were strengthened to face dire circumstances and that the financial system of the country was saved from its looming demise.
Attempts were also directed towards the control of recession through policies. Several middle and lower class tax payers were granted with rebates, ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act) was passed and several small stimulus measures were inducted. The deteriorating condition of the housing sector was rescued by reducing mortgage rates, providing of legal and larger loans, granting tax credits for homebuyers and through the bail-out services of TARP. The auto industry was also saved largely by TARP funds which revived the three major auto companies of US and the world (Blinder and Zandi, 2010). Even though the federal budget was highly strained in process, a recovery in the economic downfall and a change of course towards economic growth was achieved.
It took two administrations, the Federal Reserve and the Congress to pull US out of its deteriorating economic conditions (Blinder and Zandi, 2010). Their policies are highly criticized as these had exerted immense strain on the Federal Reserve and the US Budget. Nevertheless, it is highly possible that the US economy would have been largely demolished if such aggressive actions were not
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Markets and the Economy. Increased federal budget deficit resulting from a recession helps stabilize an economy During a recession the federal budget deficit can increase due to some automatic stabilizers in the economy and/or due to deliberate higher government spending to boost the economy.
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But interruptions obviously do interrupt the US’s growth whenever they occur. In 1973, OPEC made an embargo on the United States and the West, and the US economy went into recession. In 1980 during the Iranian revolution, the American supplies to Middle
Some units were closed, and many employed persons got laid off in the workplace. Many reports indicate that fast food restaurants increased the menu options as a result of the changing economy.
In the recession, many casual dining
This period is characterized by low consumption patterns because the general population has little to spend or the prices of the standard commodities are high (Auerbach, Alan and Yuriy, pg 12). Investments are significantly reduced while unemployment is the all-time high in the respective countries.
Most declines have been trivial in the regional and national levels, with the exception of a few serious cases like the East Asian crisis of 1997 (Radelet and Sachs, 1998). It triggered short and long-standing effects in nations,
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