Stories about penniless immigrants coming to the United States, working hard, overcoming hardships and converting an impoverished life into a prosperous one abound. As such, the country has always been one of the preferred destinations for people wanting to migrate to other…
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Illegal immigration, also known to as unauthorized or undocumented immigration refers to the passage and settlement of immigrants in a manner that contravenes the immigration rules and regulations of the destined country.
Barry Chiswick, PhD, Distinguished Professor and Head of the Department of Economics at the University of Illinois at Chicago defined illegal immigration as follows; "By definition, illegal immigration arises from a divergence between whom the United States will accept as an immigrant and the desire of some foreign nationals to live and work in this country” (Procon 2007).
Broadly speaking illegal immigration may take the form of undocumented/unauthorized entry, admission gained through fraudulent documents, extending the stay after the expiry of the temporary visas or crossing the border illegally.
An estimated 11.9 million unauthorized immigrants live in the United States. In the last decade, on average, 5, 00, 000 new illegal immigrants made their way into the United States every year. The tally of total immigrant population in the United States touched 40 million in 2010, the highest in the history of the country.
Approximately 66 percent of the unauthorized immigrants come into the United States by crossing the US-Mexico border; making Mexico the top illegal-immigrant-sending country. The rest of the one-third illegal immigrants reportedly continue to stay on in the country after the expiry of their temporary visas (Hanson 2009).
At one point of time, the phenomenon of illegal immigration served the national interests of United States Pretty well. The illegal immigrants are willing to take up jobs in labor-scarce regions and also have no problems in accepting jobs that native workers and legal migrants shun. The illegal immigrants hold anywhere between 12 to 15 million jobs or 8 percent of the jobs in the United States (Hanson 2009).
For varied reasons the existence of
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Furthermore, it is anticipation that this fence will enable the government to provide more employment opportunities to the US citizens that have been criticizing the government due to worsened economic conditions and increment in unemployment rate of the country.
The study gets a better understanding of what illegal or undocumented immigrants actually are. Illegal immigrants not only include those immigrants who enter the premises of a country illegally but also those people who although possess legal documents for the entrance but overstay in those countries.
There are 10,000,000-20,000,000 illegal immigrants currently living in the US and their arrival is far outpacing legal migration (Illegal Immigration Statistics, 2010; CIS, 2011). The observed anti-immigration in the US can be regarded as ironic especially considering the pride taken by the nation’s founding fathers that US is “a nation of immigrants” (Kane and Johnson, 2006).
In essence, there is no region in the world where immigration does not influence social and political discourse. Perhaps, America is a perfect illustration of the extent of immigration as a social issue and how it influences society in a significant way (Fairchild 48-50).
The paradigm of symbolic interactionism would be the best theory for this topic. Immigration is an issue of great interest world over conceivably because of its perceived effects on society. In essence, there is no region in the world where immigration does not influence social and political discourse.
This is a privilege. Immigration law does not take priority over criminal law; however, in many instances the two tend to overlap each other. Immigrants facing criminal convictions should realize that depending on the nature of the crime committed that they can and will be deported to their country of birth.
The Industrial Revolution was also a factor as millions came to the United States to build new lives and in spite of the variety of cultures living together, most were willing to work hard and get along with others. However, illegal immigration is problematic for the country and is most commonly a result of border migration in both Texas and California as it impossible to guard the entire border line.
Illegal Immigration. Illegal Immigration is a social, economic and security problem for the U.S. numerous polls indicate that a majority of Americans, including Mexican-Americans, want the government to prevent the tidal wave of illegal aliens cascading over the border.
Abortion should be illegal in the U.S. The country was founded on the right of choice principle. People who are pro-abortion repeat this opinion while asserting a woman’s “God given right” to make choices regarding her own body without government intervention.
All the latter categories of immigrants are acknowledged by the government and there are due procedures in the US constitution for allowing such persons into the country. (Beck 90) However, there is another reason has may have increased the number of immigrants into the country; this is the free rider issue.
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