We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

How the fashion industry adapted to these restriction and shortages during WW2 - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Name: Course: Tutor: Date: World War II had far reaching effect on the world fashion industry; this was after the Nazis took over Paris (which was the center for fashion in the world) back in June 14th 1940. This saw the closure of many fashion houses and top designers either retired or went into exile…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
How the fashion industry adapted to these restriction and shortages during WW2
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
How the fashion industry adapted to these restriction and shortages during WW2

Download file to see previous pages... But this was short-lived, because America entry to war in 1941 saw Government restriction on civilian access to food and critical materials due to the needs of the armed forces and war production. The adoption of restriction rules in America was different from other countries, the responsibility of clothing rationing was on manufactures rather than civilian, Stanley Marcus was the head of the textile division of the WPB and he essentially froze the silhouette of the time by restricting the amount of fabric that could be used to create garment to its 1941 amount. Rules for clothing industry were created such as Limitation Order-85(L-85). The following are some of the restriction imposed by the L-85 order. 1. For blouses. No hoods, If tucking or pleating is used, ruffling could not be used and vice versa. There was to be no more than one pocket, inside or out, and no patch pocket using more than 25 inches of material. 2. In relations to coats, There was to be no bi-swing or Norfolk type backs, No epaulets or tabs on the shoulders, Sleeve circumference is limited to 16.5 inches. 3. Skirts/ suits and play suits. Hem circumference reduced from 81 inches to 78 for misses’ size 16 made non-wool fabrics of 9 ounce weight or less. No culottes, reversible skirt, quilted skirts or skating skirts. 4. Dresses. No more than 2 buttons were allowed and 2 buttonholes for each cuff, No quilting using more than 300 square inches, People were limited to only 3 pairs of leather footwear per year. This was in order to regulate the uncontrolled demand as there was shortage of leather and manpower as well as military demand. Items of clothing such as shoes came under direct rationing; others fell under indirect rationing as a result of strict restriction being imposed upon manufacturers and wholesalers by the War Production Board, (WPB) program for conservation of strategic materials. Nylon production for instance was directed to military use in February 1942. It was used in parachutes. Rubber and leather was reserved for the military use. Cotton was not restricted immediately but the heavy military demand and changing of cotton fields into crop production and the poor cotton crop later during the war affected greatly its supply. Silk materials that came from the east became scarce due to cessation of overseas shipping. Rubber controls were significantly tightened during the war due to the high military demand. By February 1942, U.S had been cut from 90% of its natural rubber supply. However, the American fashion industry adopted measures, companies like Sears, Roebuck & co, offered shoes for other rationing coupons, other companies like Lane Bryant advertised “Non-Rationed Shoes) which were non- leather and were also wedge style or combination of the two. The ‘Wedge Shoe’ gained popularity during World War 2; it was originally created by Salvatore Ferragamo in 1935, it was made from cork sole and natural fiber for the upper part. The shoe utilized such materials as hemp, felt, and raffia plaited cellophane and crocheted. Silk was substituted with nylon but later on, it became needed for making parachutes. Shortage of stockings made women to resort for trousers which were adopted by the young and the working classes. The L-85 restriction order made American designers who were eager to make a place in the fashion world, not being allowed a large margin for their originality. Modifications were made to shorten the length of skirts, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Fashion
For example, the fashion which was very popular in early modern Europe may not necessarily be relevant in contemporary Europe and vice versa. In this paper, we shall discuss fashion and the various negative and seemingly negative effects it has on the different aspects of society.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Fashion
Moreover, the prospect was specifically and particularly industrial. Moreover, to communicate the councils irresistible regard for the numerous unhealthily emaciated models. However, as Kolb appreciated fashion’s implication is wider than that. Furthermore, as Diane proclaimed, it was distinctively renowned that fashion week had become overtly popular and which get too numerous persons from diverse parts of the globe.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Are knockoffs good for the Fashion industry
This paper discovers the phenomenon of knockoffs in the context of fashion. It was greater than art as they provided the reason for living a life you want to live as per your style. With the passage of time, fashion has turned into the form of applied art. In yester years, one was putting the clothes on the body aiming at to cover and keep the body warm.
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper
Nursing shortages and Obamacare
A soon-to-retire and aging population of workers in the nursing profession, and a maturing baby boomer numbers with increasing health requirements are combining to develop a condition of enhanced demand for professional nurses and less supply of qualified nurses (Mitchell, 2003).
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Managing Changes during Clinical Staff Shortages
More specifically, this paper addressed the question of how clinical staff shortage may be managed. Also, this paper highlighted the various reasons as to why there is presently a shortage in clinical staff members particularly in UK medical and correctional institutions.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Restriction of alcohol
A personal interview was conducted and questionnaires were distributed to collect the participants’ responses. Findings imply that people are aware of the fatal effects associated with heavy alcohol consumption and want stricter
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Software restriction policies
In fact, these policies can improve system integrity and manageability that eventually reduces the cost of possessing a computer. In other words, software restriction policies are a fraction of new enhanced Microsofts
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
How are Meat-Based Recipes Adapted for Vegetarians
The preparation and cooking time would also vary and the ways of preservation would also be affected, whenever a meat-based recipe is adapted for vegetarians. All kinds of meat like chicken, veal, lamb, beef etc. are primarily composed of proteins; while all kinds of vegetables are basically composed of carbohydrates and vitamins.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
How medical care important during war
Medicine has made significant gains especially during the war. Initially, it had to develop bacteriology despite ignorance on the causes of diseases. Forever war doctors underwent two years of medical school. At that context,
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Was D-day a turning point for America during WW2
The rescue came after 900 days of encirclement, in a victorious coup that could later define the course of takeovers leading to the D Day invasion, hence the ultimate end of the World War 2 (Gunther, 51). This rescue marked the conclusion of
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic How the fashion industry adapted to these restriction and shortages during WW2 for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us