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Labor Economics - Essay Example

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1. Introduction Felicity seemed to be at work when the first formalization of economic thought happened during the Industrial Revolution. In 1776, Adam Smith published his greatest work, “Wealth of Nations” which first proposed that a wealth of a nation is derived from its capacity to organize its factors of production such as land, labor, and capital - far from the accepted idea of the time that only agriculture was productive or a nation’s wealth was the amount of treasure that a sovereign might store in its coffers…
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Labor Economics
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Download file to see previous pages James Watt had perfected the modern steam engine which became the foremost energy source and ushered the era of Industrial Revolution. The United States had declared its independence from England and thereafter became the epitome of industrialization. Eight hundred thirty seven years later, many postindustrial societies are transitioning to internationalized information societies that have brought about myriad changes and challenges which are the subjects and objects of the study of labor economics. 2. Discussion Labor economics is a social science that analyzes, makes inferences, and theorizes about organizations, institutions, and behavior of the markets for wage labor in industrializing, industrialized, or internationalized information economies. It seeks to understand the characteristics of suppliers of labor services, the demands of labor services, and the resulting pattern of wages, employment, and income (Wikipedia contributors). However, labor economics does not include it its study the psychology or sociology of individual employment decisions, such as the emotional ill effects of unemployment or the social gain of wages and salaries or chosen type of work. Current market analyses usually do not take into consideration unpaid labor such as stay-at-home spouses who are raising children or caring for their elders although some recent studies have used the tools of labor economics to know the impact of nonworking spouses, children, and the elderly on household decision-making or on social topics such as marriage, fertility, discrimination, and crime in relation to the labor market. Because labor and the study of labor is of paramount importance and naturally linked to the wealth of a nation’s economy, it is essential that governments thoroughly analyze and investigate its many facets. Labor is the measure of human activity to produce goods or services defined in contrast with other factors of production like land and capital. Labor wages are remuneration for work completed per unit of time. In calculating labor by wages, hours, or efficiency, a business company can use these data in figuring the optimal work force and most favorable wages to maximize productivity and profitability. A government can also use this type of data to determine or curb unemployment and assess the impact of labor on a nation’s economy. A country’s labor force is the number of individuals age 16 and over (working age by law), who are employed, self-employed or actively seeking employment. The non-labor force are those individuals who are not seeking employment such as stay-at-home spouses, those who are pursuing education such as children, retirees, those who are institutionalized such as in prisons or psychiatric facilities, those in the military, and those doing civic service. The unemployment rate is the level of unemployment divided by the labor force. The employment rate is the number of people presently employed divided by the working age population. The labor market is quite similar to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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