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Social Security - Term Paper Example

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Due to the nature of the program, a large sum of money is required so as to keep the Social security fund running. This funding comes from primarily what is called FICA, Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax. The taxes collected are channeled into four trust funds which form the Social Security trust fund. The four are, Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund, Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund, Federal Hospital Insurance Fund and Federal Old Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund (Daimond 92). Social security dates back to the 1930s when the then president Frankline D. Roosevelt instituted a measure to curb the high rates of poverty amongst the old aged citizens during the Great depression by implementing a social insurance for them. It is also worthwhile to note that initially the social security locked out many women, but by 1950, the coverage of the fund expanded to cover women and the minority groups rather than certain occupational classes. Breakdown of the Program The Social security program is broken down to sub segments to increase the efficiency of the fund. Due to the dynamic progress of the fund, the coverage has moved to be more universal and this translates to more sub segments besides the Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance. ...
Health Insurance for the Aged and the Disabled also known as Medicare and Grants to State for Medical Assistance Programs also known as Medicaid are also under the social security fund. Medicare and Medicaid are geared towards

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supplementing the health sector and cater for the health of the citizens regardless of their social class. Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is also an under program that entails the provision of a pay to supplement the low income of people who are either blind, disabled or aged which is funded from the US treasury. Finally, under the Social security trust fund there is the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). This was instituted to cater for the uninsured children in families that do not qualify for the Medicaid (Daimond 78-9). It was earlier noted that the Social security fund is funded by payroll taxes. These taxes are by workers and employers as a combined contribution which forms 12.4 percent of their earnings. The percentage is a sum of the employer’s 6.2 percent and the workers 6.2 percent per annum. It is also worthwhile to note that a self-employed person will be required to pay the total sum of 12.4 percent. However, the rate is not fixed to 6.2 percent but it varies with the average wage rate every year and in special cases a payroll tax holiday is extended to the workers and the employers (Young 45). Although the workers are required to pay the taxes there are specific cases where the workers are not required to pay taxes. If a self-employed individual who has a net annual earning less than $400 is exempted as well as wages received by students who receive stipends as they work under the state work study programs. Income received for working as

Summary

Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Social Security Social security is a federal program that encompasses social welfare and social insurance programs. It is normally referred to as the OASDI, which is, Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (Young 12). It is mainly charged with the mandate of looking into the welfare of the aged in the society to ensure that they have a means of provision despite their age…
Social Security
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