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Final - Essay Example

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Graph 1: The effect of increase in the money supply According to Keynes, money supply is fixed by the government and the size of money supply is perfectly inelastic with respect to interest rate changes. Decrease in money supply from MS1 to MS2 leads to an increase in the interest rate from i1 to i2. b. In the rest of the economy, the sale of government securities will lead to a reduction in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). General Price levels will decrease leading to decline in the level of inflation which may make the economy to go into a contraction and recession (Langdana 100). The situation can also lead to an increase the levels or rates of unemployment. Question 2 a. Expansionary fiscal policies have a short and long term impacts on the aggregate economy as well as on the balance of the federal budget. Expansionary fiscal polices involves the attempts of the government to increase the aggregate demand. It will therefore include higher government spending or reduction of taxes in order to increase demand and spur economic growth. Reduction of taxes will lead to an increase in the consumer’s disposable incomes which then leads to a high level of consumer spending (Langdana 100). This then increased the aggregate demand leading to high economic growth. ...
There is no tradeoff between inflation and unemployment as increased government borrowing may increase inflation rates which will then lead to high levels of unemployment. Question 3 There are various types of budget deficits and they

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Name: Institution: Professor: Date: Macro economics Question 1 a. If Fed sold 1 million dollars worth of government securities to an agent with a simple money multiplier of 5, then the money supply will decrease by 5 x1 = $ 5million. Interest rates will increase hence resulting into a reduction of money supply and credit creation…
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