The effect of inflation is that it makes your money be worth less. Inflation affects more poor people because this group of individuals has limited resources.
Inflation affects the consumer markets as well as the money markets. The money market is where the government sells treasury stocks and bonds and where corporations sell corporate bonds. The interest rate influences the money markets because when interest goes up companies are forced to offer higher bond coupons rates in order to attract investors. The bonds of corporations are rated by agencies such as Moody’s. Take for example a company that sells bonds. The company is offering bonds that pay 8%. The inflation rate of the nation is 5%. The investor gets a net return of 3% after deducting inflation from the coupon rate. Suddenly the interest rate of the nation goes up to 9%. Based on those circumstances the corporation cannot sell bonds at 8% because nobody would buy them since the bonds have a net loss of 1% after inflation is deducted.
The inflation rate in a country affects the amount of interest that people earn in their savings and checking accounts. When inflation goes up banks are forced to pay higher interest rates to provide value to their customers. Different age demographics are affected more than others by inflation. The elderly are affected a lot by inflation. The reason that the elderly get hurt more than others is because most pension funds pay fixed payments. If a person gets a $600 for the rest of their lives