Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia - Term Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
The discussion of this paper takes into concern the Russia as the largest country in the world rich in resources like oil, gas, coal, metals and chemicals that present up to 80% of the budgetary income. Forests make up to 69% of the total land. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia"

Download file to see previous pages The paper tells that oil and gas are the backbone of Russia economy. They are drawn from the easily exploitable reservoirs ignoring balanced drilling on new sites and this continually degrades the environment and puts the environmental balance at stake. The rate of environmental fragmentation is expected to increase as the need to exploit new reservoirs to maintain supply of the products. More pressure comes from environmental pollution from oil and gas spillages that are estimated to be at least two in a day. In Russia, in zones of high population, there is poor water quality due to overuse, poor water distribution and closeness to polluting industries. According to the Islington, air pollution is very rampant with over 69% of the cities affected. Islington reports that pollution rate is constantly rising due to nonconformity to laid down environmental policies, low production discipline, lack of investment in technologies which are not detrimental to the environment. Untreated industrial wastes cause a lot of pollution to the environment. Only 40% of the waste produced is treated, 60% is piled in open sites and this causes lots of pollution to the environment. According to the Russian constitution, there are rules controlling the exploitation and maintenance of natural resources that include water bodies, forests and land. The government also controls economic activities to ensure sustainable economic development. Article 35 stipulates that regulations shall be adhered to, to ensure that water bodies are maintained in a state meeting the quality and heath standards as stipulated in the constitution. Limits as to the allowed level of chemical substances, radioactive materials and other water pollutants released into the water bodies and concentration of industrial effluents in the water channeled into water bodies must not go above the set limit. Water quality indicators shall be set and applied on each river basin and the quality of water in the river shall be determined according to standards set out in the constitution of Russian federation. According to article 42, industrial water use shall be structured in such a way that it protects the ecology of the water body; this includes the aquatic life and quality of the water. According to article 44, water bodies can be used as drainage systems in accordance to the law. It is illegal to discharge wastes in water bodies which have a medicinal value and which are protected by the government. According to the Russian forest code, (chapter 9) use of forests should be carried out in a way that does not damage the ecosystem; this includes the environment, resources and organisms inhabiting the forests. Forestry management strives to preserve, nurture the environment, conserve water catchment basins and improve forests. According to the land code of Russian federation(1), land protection is meant to prevent degradation, pollution, littering and destruction of the natural ecosystem by the effects of exploration for economic purposes. It is also meant to restore and develop lands that have already been degraded and destroyed by economic activities. Article 13 states that land owners are legally obliged to preserve soil fertility though continuous improvement and restoration. Economic Theories Economic theories make a substantial contribution to the application of new models to old real problems in the society; they help in building economic knowledge thus giving a platform for economic development. The New Economic Theory According to martin (199, p. 2), the new economic geography lays its fundamentals on economic localization based on growing ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia Term Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia Term Paper)
“Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia Term Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
isom63 added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
The topic of "Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia" is quite often seen among the assignments in high school. Still, this document opens a fresh perspective of seeing the issue. I’ll use the idea for my own example.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia

Effects of Human Resource Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover

Most of these developments, not surprisingly, have come from communities of scholars focusing on their own particular countries or regions, be it the US (for example, Arthur, 1994; Delery and Doty, 1996; Huselid et al., 1997), the UK (for example, Brewster, 1999; Guest et al., 2003), elsewhere in Europe (for example, D’Arcimoles, 1997; Lahteenmaki et al., 1998; Roderiguez and Ventura, 2003). The difference in perspective on the value of people in organizations and the validity of HRM, particularly in non-Western Countries may be best understood in terms of the concept of locus of human value (Jackson et al., 2003). Jackson et al. (2003) came up with a conceptual map of international organization and human resource management...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

The Evolution of Human Resource Management

The employee was sent to HR for a final briefing where he mentioned that he had been requesting a change in the shift for the last few weeks he has to attend to his ailing father. His superior continuously ignored the request. The employee was skill and aptitude tested and reassigned to a different project.
This is a small incident where an HR professional can play a vital role. An organization is also constantly looking for such solutions from its Human Resource Department. It is this expertise and skill, which a budding professional from any institute should be equipped.
Such valuable certification programs initiated by the Human Resource Department surely help build a successful organization. The Human resource depart...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

National Health Service Human Resource Planning

There are about 1500 primary care dentists who are working on a salaried basis with the NHS, in most cases employed by primary care trusts. This group of individuals was a part of the local government earlier but in 1974, they were transferred into the NHS. (Personnel Today, 2007). Starting from the year 1997 onwards, the U.K. Department for Education and Employment had allowed for additional funding of $7.2 million to ensure that medical schools are able to pay clinical academia staff the awards that have been recommended for doctors and dentists in the NHS, by the Doctors and Dentists Review Body (Beecham, 1996). This move was initiated to introduce pay parity because university employers found it difficult to pay the 3.8% incre...
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper

Religion and Politics in Russia

Centuries have passed since the times' religious organizations, such as a church or various loges formed on the basis of certain religious views, ruled the Old World. The whole history world history gives bright and endless examples of the fact that through the development of civilization religious beliefs were not only a part of a nation’s culture, but were also a powerful tool of politics which enabled kings and emperors to keep a country in peace, and people appeasable. The earliest historical examples, such as ‘Akhenatens new religion’ (, which was introduced to the nation in order to unify it around one god, show that religion was always not only to support and enhance the culture o...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Environmental of Consequences of Offshore Drilling

The risks notwithstanding, it is seen that the world needs to reconcile itself to the fact that either new alternative energy sources need to be functionalized, or the demand-supply imbalances need to be redressed through fresh sources. It is common knowledge that most developed countries, including the USA, UK, have supply deficits that seriously endanger their own economies, and through the price mechanism, cause an escalation in oil prices in the international markets. But what solutions need to be developed to contain this problem on a long term basis is a matter of political sagacity and foresight, and a judicious blend of use and conservation based on the principle that oil is not going to last forever.
Oil drilling cou...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

J. Sainsbury Plc supermarket in Russia

J Sainsbury is not expected to distribute cash, pay a dividend to shareholders or share repurchases over the next five years as it expects to expand its activities and invest in all positive net present value (NPV) projects by opening more shops in Moscow and its environs. One of the priorities will be, creating an online database for customer’s interaction, queries, purchases, and free-draw. Consequently, all profits will be re-invested into its expansion program (Opening of new stores, extending its product line) as well as any profitable venture that the company may come across supported by the shareholders.
Based on feasibility studies, the partners, I have targeted the heart of Moscow, to be used as the country hea...
17 Pages(4250 words)Case Study

Managerial Economics and Business Environment

Once the above said subject matter is clearly sorted out, the next emphasis would be on the concepts like the opportunity costing, incremental principle, marginal principle, discounting principle, the principle of time perspective, and calculation of economic profit as the guidelines to the scope of managerial economics. (Surender. V, 2008).
To start with, we consider a firm for which different processes have to be carried to achieve its objectives of profit maximization (assuming that all the organizations work with the view to maximize profits). If firms from different sectors are identified simultaneously, then the working of the economy as a whole could also be analyzed which in turn is useful in the decision-making proce...
15 Pages(3750 words)Assignment

Internal and External Environmental Analysis for the Bakery Business

Liberalization of foreign investment and technology policy of the government is supportive of establishing industrial units in the country.

Threat: The UK food regulatory authority is planning to enforce the EC Regulations relating to food labeling. The labeling requirements under the new regulations will affect the food industry as the suppliers will be legally obliged to disclose the GM content of foods to the caterers. Thus business firms in the bakery industry also will be effected through the exclusion of flexible manner of labeling arrangements in the case of flour confectionery involving GM Soya or maize. (Genetically modified and novel foods (labeling) (England) regulations, 2000).

Trend: The new subs...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

U.S. Environmental Protection

Recycling is one of the proposed methods to counteract pollution and danger being posted by the accumulation of wastes in the environment. Although this is the case, there are benefits and drawbacks in the said process. Included in the benefits are reduction of different types of wastes gas emissions (e.g. green gases) and water wastes; reduction of the discarded materials due to the manufacture of new materials; and the production of materials from used products. As a result, jobs are also created thus contributing to the economy (“Benefits and Drawbacks of Recycling” Think Quest).

In terms of the drawbacks, one of the main issues is the needed resources and expenses which continuously increase due to the i...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Active Directory - Security, User, and Resource Management

Administrators make use of group policies to launch principles for desktop predilections and software. For many corporate information technology groups, concurrence with group policies to identify what software should be presented to each category of user, even without human intervention installing it on demand from a corporate server (Silberschatz, Galvin, & Gagine 2002. P. 838). The capability of the AD was introduced in the year 1999, its initial release was with the MS Windows 2000 Server Ed., additionally personalized to spread out functionality, security parameters and build up administration in MS Win Server 2003. The most recent better facilities and efficient edition of the AD are introduced in the Windows Server 2008...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Resource and Environmental Economics: Russia for FREE!

Contact Us