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A quick glimpse of the topic, conflict in science and religion, using the online search engine generates more than 52 million results. This information could not clearly establish though, if indeed, conflict exists between the two divergent disciplines. The complexities by which the term religion is defined have proven the vast encompassing elements that go into its pursuit. Robinson (2011) for example, after evaluating a host of disparate definitions, arrived at this conclusion: “religion is any specific system of belief about deity, often involving rituals, a code of ethics, a philosophy of life, and a worldview" (p. 1). The simplicity by which science, on the other hand, clearly is indicated as “knowledge attained through study or practice," or "knowledge covering general truths of the operation of general laws, esp. as obtained and tested through scientific method [and] concerned with the physical world” (Science Made Simple, Inc., 2006) already signifies brewing conflicts in terms of the possibilities of overlapping issues. In this regard, the objective of this essay is to confirm through supportive arguments from various authoritative sources that indeed, science and religion are not in conflict despite supposed overlapping and contradicting issues. Arguments Supporting Science and Religion are not Conflict From the overview of definitions of both science and religion, it is already eminent that conflicting issues exist due to their disparities in disciplines. According to Robinson (2009), science and religion are based on different foundations where “science is ultimately based on observation of nature… (while) religion is largely based on faith” (p. 1). This fact is validated by Ecklund and Park (2009) when their findings supported “the idea that religion and science are in completely different spheres” (p. 290). Science deals with different areas ranging from natural sciences (study of the natural world) to social sciences (study of human behavior and society). Religion, on the other hand, has indicated from the abovementioned definition that it is a system of beliefs that encompasses a broader range of beliefs including philosophies of life and different perspectives of worldviews, depending on cultural factors and value systems. Since these two disciplines propose divergent theoretical foundations, there is no way that conflicts in interests could exist. Another supporting argument that attests that no conflict exists between science and religion is the fact that there are studies that reveal the existence of scientists with defined religious orientations who do not believe that conflicts between the two disciplines exist. In the study written by Scheitle (2011), to prove that no conflict exists, “the assumption is that, because they are the most knowledgeable about scientific matters, scientists will be most likely to demonstrate some conflict with religion if such a conflict exists (Wuthnow, 1989, p. 143). If scientists are less religious that nonscientists, then the inference has been that there is an inherent conflict between scientific knowledge and religious belief” (Scheitle, 2011, p. 175). More importantly, and consistent with Scheitle’s study, the findings generated by Ecklund and Park from their study of Religion Among Academic Scientists (RAAS) which was completed over a three-year period from 2005 through 2007 revealed that “in contrast to research that has argued there is not an actual conflict between the knowledge framework of religion and that of science, on the basis that social scientists are le
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According to the study science and religion are meant to coexist. They should compliment each other. This is because without both, human beings cannot survive. We believe in God because religion requires us to do so. He is the one who created us. Human beings also believe in science, because without it they cannot live well. Scientific inventions make our lives more comfortable.
Since the ancient times, religion has been an essential part of human life. Importance of religion in human life can be seen through emotional and psychological attachment to the religious beliefs that people show in their lives. According to Nelson et al.
Science and religion are two important areas in the lives of human being which are not compatible with each other. Both the concepts of science and religion have roots established in different dimensions of human activity sphere. Science is usually defined as a system where knowledge is acquired and this knowledge is utilized to observe and experiment natural phenomena.
The relationship between religion and science is a contentious issue, particularly among scientists and theologians, both of whom have an inherent interest in clarifying the role that their professions play in the world. It is an important distinction to make; however, it is even more important to define what the distinction applies to exactly.
Truth behind religion is treated as universal and eternal, essentially a question of faith, and widely accepted and not challenged or questioned in general. In case of science, the authority is based on evidence and reasons.
Perhaps one of the most publicized case of religious violence is the 9/11 bombings of the World Trade Center in Manhattan. Such act of aggression has led the world to label Muslims as “terrorists” and reignited the war between religions. Because of the War Against Terrorism launched by then-president George W.
Still, the problem persists, as it has a complexity due to many factors such as history, politics, ideology, geographical boundaries, race, and so forth. In this paper, an assumption is made that the ongoing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians is rooted in religion, or more particularly in a religious bias.
Many parties have come up with strong points that are aimed to settle the differences (Draper, 2010). However, not a single party is willing to water down their stand. As such, they have been in constant opposition as to which has a legitimate stand. Consequentially, some people are torn in between as they come to terms with issues raised by both sides of the divide.
Religion and politics go hand in hand ever since the beginning of time because it is one of the key things that ties population together and constitutes culture of a region. Fox and Sandler (2010, p.1) have argued that the pertinence of religion in international politics have been triggered by the terrorist attack on the Twin Tower, as it was the first time the Western world had witnessed conflicts that were motivated by religion.
These happenings are usually as a result of political differences that arise from other factors apart from religion such as ethnic, cultural and racial differences. For example, the 2007 post election violence that was witnessed in Kenya had nothing to do with
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