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Western Literature Modernist Period - Research Paper Example

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Most of modernism literature is an expression of the tendencies of modernism, with a more intense focus on the high modernism. High modernism marked the final years of modernism and designates the artistic and intellectual eras…
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Western Literature Modernist Period
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Download file to see previous pages Most of modernism literature is an expression of the tendencies of modernism, with a more intense focus on the high modernism. High modernism marked the final years of modernism and designates the artistic and intellectual eras It was not only used in literature but also used in music, critics and the visual arts (Gillies & Mahood, p.5). Most of the Western Literature during this period was a reaction to the rapidly changing times. There are those who appreciated the change that was coming, while on the other hand, others wanted to maintain the status quo. The writers of the Modernist period respond to the promise, or threat, of a new century by either welcoming the flux and indeterminacy of a new and "modern" world in which identities, social relations, and meaning structures can be made and unmade according to need, opportunity and desire. Or, they regard the prospect of this modern world, wherein human beings can expect to find neither truth nor certainty with dark pessimism, stoicism, or outright despair. One significant aspect of modernist literature is the focus on such themes as mistrust in institutions such as government and religion; individualism and the discrediting of truths that before then were considered to be the absolute truths. The literary structure was also very different from those of realism and conventionality. One such writer is Luigi Pirandello. Luigi Pirandello Pirandello was a novelist and dramatist from Italy. He was also a short story writer and the Nobel laureate for literature in 1934, for his “bold and brilliant renovation of the drama and the stage” (pirandelloweb.com) He has written several novels and hundreds of short stories. He is also the writer of over 40 plays. Critics and reviewers often say that the works of Pirandello are borne of a climate that was profoundly historical and full of cultural disappointments. It is even stated that the betrayal of Il Risorgimento caused a wound that never actually healed. His disdain for such politics is revealed in one of his novels I Vecci e i Giovanni which translates to The Old and the Young (1909-1913). In this novel, he uses the phrase La Bancarotta del Patriottismo, which translates to The Bankruptcy of Patriotism, an adaptation of Brunetiere’s La Banqueroute de Science, which he uses to describe the attitude he had towards the Risorgimento. Set in Sicily, the novel delineates the failures of the “three myths”, a phrase that has generally been taken to have meant the Risorgimento of unity and socialism, and replaces it with an “emptiness” that lacks the “possibility of redemption”. In his first novel, L’Esclusa, whatever unfolds is very unpredictable and the possibility of anything happening is very likely. Most of the actions in this novel correlate judgment and behavior. This novel reveals a steady and rapidly changing society that Pirandello lives in and cannot explain and believes that the fact of the matter is that any meaning to the changing times could only be explained depending on the moment, circumstance and the sentiments that prevail as at that time. A concept that he uses in several of his novels. This aspect and structure of writing that Pirandello adopts is also seen in his second novel, Il Turno, where the general concept that revolves around several of the main characters is also developed in a similar way. The world is rapidly changing and so are the circumstances and the situations in which the characters find themselves. Some find the promise, of a new century by welcoming the flux and indeterminacy of a new and "modern" world in which identities, social relations, and meaning structures can be made and unmade according to need, opportunity and desire. It is therefore clear that in this work, in all the confusion, man tries to seek answers as to his purpose but still finds ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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