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Jurisdiction and Structure of Illinois Courts and Federal Courts - Research Paper Example

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This paper tells that as one of the three branches of government, the courts have federal and state structures and jurisdictions. The United States Supreme Court sits in Washington, DC. The Illinois Supreme Court is housed at the Supreme Court Building in Springfield…
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Jurisdiction and Structure of Illinois Courts and Federal Courts
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Download file to see previous pages It is evidently clear from the discussion that the federal judiciary of the United States is divided into 94 judicial districts, with one Supreme Court, 12 Court of Appeals and 94 District Courts distributed among the 50 states and territories. The judicial districts are grouped into 12 regional circuits with one Court of Appeals for each regional circuit. Each of the 94 judicial districts has one District Court. The federal court system is divided into federal judicial districts with Illinois subdivided into three: the Northern Judicial District (main office in Chicago, additional office in Rockford), Central Judicial District (main office in Springfield, other offices in Rock Island, Danville and Peoria) and Southern Judicial District (main office in East St. Louis, additional office in Benton). The federal district courts conduct trials on issues that fall under their jurisdiction. From the district court, appeals can be raised to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago (the Seventh Circuit comprises Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin). State Courts of Appeals do not conduct trials. A bankruptcy court, a part of the federal court system, has exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases. These courts can be found in Illinois (e.g. Chicago, Danville, Peoria, Rockford, Benton, Springfield, East St. Louis) as well as in other states. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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