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Juvenile Executions - Research Proposal Example

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This research proposal "Juvenile Executions" gives an overview of the juvenile execution system and how it came into effect. It also discusses the history of juvenile execution and the first-ever case held in the United States…
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Download file to see previous pages The juvenile system was set up with the motive of holding the juveniles accountable for delinquent acts that they had committed while providing treatment, rehabilitative services and programs that helped prevent future acts of lawbreaking and involvement in law violating behavior. The juvenile system came into the picture in the year 1899 in Chicago, IL. The main reason for this system to come into being was that it recognized the harsh treatment the children received in the criminal justice structure. The court recognized that the child was different than adults in terms of cognitive development, impulse, and emotional control and judgment capability. Therefore, in matters relating to rehabilitative sense this court recognized the difference in development between the child and the adult. However, since the violent crime had risen, therefore, they had been stronger policies and punishment. This shift included the waiver of more juveniles to the adult court system. This change brought about more juveniles committing capital crimes before they reached the age of eighteen. The punishment for this type of crime was either life imprisonment or death. However, according to international law the death penalty had been abolished for crimes committed below the age of eighteen. The Juvenile Justice Division which was set up has a strong place with the national leadership in the integrated work of child welfare. It helps by framing the national issue for the betterment on behalf of children, youth, families and communities. This division helped in promote alternative sentencing and program for juvenile crime. (Child Welfare League of America)
The first child execution took place in the year 1642, when a sixteen-year-old Thomas Graunger was executed in the colony of Massachusetts for a crime of bestiality. This execution gave a way for others to follow and children of different ages were executed for crimes they committed. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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