StudentShare
Search
Free

# POLICE ADMINiSTRATION discuss/complete 5 - Assignment Example

Summary
This concept challenges the notion I have previously as regards analysis of data in social research. In essence what I learnt here was that while analyzing data, we should be…

## Extract of sample "POLICE ADMINiSTRATION discuss/complete 5"

Social Science Statistics Question Looking back at the concepts learnt, I think skewness has had a great impact on me at a personal level. This concept challenges the notion I have previously as regards analysis of data in social research. In essence what I learnt here was that while analyzing data, we should be ready to look out for other issues that may be affecting the data we are studying, even though those issues may not be part of the study. Ensuring therefore that the data presents the expected distribution, in this case, normal distribution plays a key role in analyzing the same data. If not, then the methods of analysis chosen also come into sharp focus. Taking anything for granted will lead to wrong results with devastating consequences given that these results are relied upon for decision making.
Thus, skewness as a concept is a very important part of analysis which both guides and complements other methods of social science research. In my view, this concept guides us on how we interpret results as it shows us that there is need exercise caution with our proclamations.
Question 2
For this data, the modes are House, Trailer and Apartment. This is because these three have the highest frequencies in the data set. The frequencies are 280, 34 and 21 respectively. As a result, when plotted on a graph, the data may produce a multi-modal shape. From these results, it can be said that the data is NOT normally distributed because of a skewness of 2.000. The mean (1.41) is greater than median (1) showing that the data is positively skewed.
Question 3
For the variable ARREST, the modes are 0, 1 and 2 with frequencies of 243, 23 and 10 respectively. Given that the total frequency is 343, it is clear from this observation that the data is not normally distributed. Hence, when plotted on a graph, a positive skewness will be evident. It is interesting to note that a huge chunk of data (frequency of 61) is missing and this also contributes to the level of skewness. Looking at the difference between Mean and Median (0.31), one gets the sense that the data is almost normally distributed. This does not augur well with the skewness of 12.692. Hence, the missing data can be said to be hiding quite a lot of information.
Question 4
We are concerned about distribution of data because there are certain statistical procedures that that do not work well with skewed data. Hence, for such procedures, the data needs to be transformed first so as to bring certain aspect of the data within acceptable tolerance levels. If transformations on the data do not achieve acceptable skewness and kurtosis, then the researcher may be forced to settle of procedures that are not susceptible to existing levels of non-normal curves.
Question 5
If the data is not normally distributed then there are issues that may come up. Of course the first one comes from the interpretation of the results. As noted earlier, any statistical procedures applied with an aim of interpreting the results will have to be thought through carefully, otherwise, we may end up with misleading results. It should not be lost on us that the purpose of such results is decision making. Besides, such data also calls on the researcher to further investigate the data and find out underlying factors that led to this problem. Ordinarily, it is expected that data out of a research process will present a normal distribution. Read More
Cite this document
• APA
• MLA
• CHICAGO
(“POLICE ADMINiSTRATION discuss/complete 5 Assignment”, n.d.)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

## CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF POLICE ADMINiSTRATION discuss/complete 5

...? Present-day challenges to Criminal Justice Administrators School In the contemporary society, the police plays a significant role in shaping government policy both at a local and national level. It is also expected that the police should offer services to all citizens, at all times. This expectation presents old and emerging problems, which the police have to face during service delivery. The challenges are diverse in nature, and others are caused by the changing viewpoint of the community (VanHulle, 2011). This paper will explore the challenges facing the police throughout their role in criminal justice administration. In addition, the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

...? Police Administration 2 Questions Police Administration 2 Questions Question The American Bar Association has recognized the position of police chief as being among the most important and most demanding positions in the hierarchy of government officials. The roles of a police chief compares favorably with those of government officials and institutional leaders. The main difference between the duties of a police chief and those of other government officials is the authority accorded to him by the preceding authority and their social and political implication within the country. This essay compares the duties of a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework

...in obtaining appreciation of police administration. The guiding principles and the roles of police administration make the police departments and administration in the society so challenging (Ramm, 2004). Failure to follow the guiding principles of police administration by the police may affect the previously discussed internal and external basic roles of the police executive in some ways. This is because the guiding principles of police administration entail leading police on the execution of their...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

...? Police Administration CompStat Model Police Administration CompStat Model Compstat is a computer driven crime statistics originally used by New York Police Department as a crime control management system. Unlike the conventional model of police management, CompStat is based on a geographically correlated management system whereby commanders are allocated precincts and districts in which they are individually held accountable for. The model is used to administer police operations in a multifaceted manner, especially in offering accountability for patrol commanders when administering policing actions...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

...administration (7 ed.). New Providence, NJ: LexisNexis Publishing. Kelling, G. L., Pate, T., Dieckman, D., & Brown, C. E. (2003). The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment. Washington, DC: Police Foundation. McDonald, P. (2002). Managing police operations: Implementing the New York crime control model – CompStat. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing. McElvain, J. P., Kposowa, A. J., & Gray, B. C. (2013). Testing a Crime Control Model: Does Strategic and Directed Deployment of Police Officers Lead to Lower Crime? Journal of Criminology , 2013, 1-11. Rosenfeld, R., Fornango, R., & Baumer, E. (2005). Did ceasefire, Compstat, and exile reduce homicide? Criminology & Public...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

### Do Ex-Military Make Good Police Officers

...Do Ex-Military Make Good Police Officers? This paper will examine the question of whether ex-military make good police officers. For the sake of clarity the assumptions are that the ex-military left in good standing, that the military organization was one of the official organizations of the USA or approved allies and that the ex-military candidate was considered successful within the military organization. The paper will ignore completely the question of how long the candidate belonged to the military and of his or her current age, because these questions are moot in light of the stated assumptions. Therefore I will examine this question with these assumptions in mind by comparing the...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

### Police Administration Structures in America

...requires highly skilled and trained administrators who can respond situationally. Riener suggests that these officers are hard to retain in an authoritarian regime and will demand a form of organization that allows their full participation. Size of the organization should lead to both horizontal differentiation (through "subdivision by type of activity") and vertical differentiation (by both "subdivision by area activity" and application of the principles inherent in the concept of span of control). With these concepts in hand, organization design is highly calculable. The logic here rests on the amount of work one person can do. In his discussion of upgrading police personnel...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

...Police administration Introduction Statistical analyses vary depending on the results expected to be achieved. Different statistical methods perform different functions based on the needs. The range, mean, median and mode are the most commonly used methods in various statistical analyses. In this paper, I have discussed the various statistical methods that have been used in most statistical applications. Besides, I have also discussed the demerits of using such methods for various applications. The illustrations given here have been accompanied wit short and relevant examples for easy understanding. The range The range is one of the statistical methods that have been widely applied in statistical analyses to measure the extent... of...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

### Police Supervision and Management Complete Unit 3

...Police Supervision and Management Complete Unit 3 Question Productivity is the ratio of theoutput volume to the input volume (Krugman, 1994). In a law enforcement agency, productivity refers to how well police serve citizens, and how well they utilize resources available to deliver services accordingly. In this regard, productivity measurement helps control police behavior and largely contributes to departmental success, as well as the overall performance of law enforcement agencies (Peak, Gaines, & Glensor, 2010,2004). To achieve these goals, productivity measurement is connected to some other parameters like efficiency,effectiveness, equity, and accountability as...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

### Advanced Education as an Important Attribute in the Workplace and Members of the Police Services

...﻿Abstract Although a bachelor’s degree requirement for police officers is not a new idea, it is an issue which is receiving more and more attention and has recently been brought to light. Seeking to address this contentious issue with a thorough and complete analysis of whether or not the mandatory requirement for higher education among the police services is actually necessary, the following essay will discuss the pros and cons of such an idea which providing a concluding opinion. As respected members of society who are entrusted with our care and protection, the questions surrounding higher education and the police force are addressed and...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay