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Police Effect - Admission/Application Essay Example

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Answers 1. There are various priorities and structures by which policies are made. There should be complete evaluation of the performance of the police agency. This can be done by evaluating the work distribution by the agency, structure of the internal authority, extent of citizen access and also the quantity of inputs like police cars, officers and radios…
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Download file to see previous pages Several other factors are also considered for policy making process. Characteristics of police officers affect the type of activities they will adopt. It has been seen that highly educated officers work more efficiently than less educated officers. After evaluating all the factors, the agency can determine their work policy. (Ostrom, Parks, Whitaker & Percy, 381, 382, 385) In city X, the police directly went to the crime area to evaluate the situation. This can be done only when the input is high, for example, in this case the number of officers is high. By remaining undercover, they are able to make large number of arrests which inevitably reduces the crime rate and strengthens the trust of the public on the police. 2. Citizens make calls to the police department for assistance or help during emergency. There are phone operators for police and they translate the demands of the citizens into official inputs. They categorize the problems of the citizens and decide how much police response is needed to a certain call. In many cases the operators do not need to take action on behalf of the citizens. In some cases the caller only asks the operator to note down certain information. In other cases, the operators inform the callers that police would take action but do not tell that unit would be sent (Antunes & Scott, p.172). Discovery crimes are those that are discovered after the crime has been committed. In these cases the criminals get ample time to escape even before the police is informed. Involvement crimes are those where the offender directly confronts the victim. (Spelman & Brown, p.61) There are three major reasons behind the delay of citizens in calling the police. The citizens first confirm that there is actual crime involved before informing the police. To confirm, they need to observe the situation or telephone another person for information. The citizens take other actions to deal with the crime. They take actions like going away from the area of crime, calling someone for assistance, chasing the offender or attending their own injuries. The third reason is that they find it difficult to call the police because they want to avoid consequences for situations which are more suspicious that actual crime being involved. (Spelman & Brown, pp.95-129) 3. Differential Police Response is a method by which delivery of police service is increased to the community. This is done by clearing, dispatching or deferring calls for service. This method is used to save time by reducing the number of service calls. (Eck & Rosenbaum, 12) Police effectiveness lies in the activities of the agency. The main goal of the agency is to control crime in the community. For this they use three traditional methods. First, they try to put fear into minds of the criminals to deter them from committing crimes. Second, they imprison the offenders for a long period to prevent them from doing any harm to the public. Third, in many cases the offenders when caught are sent to rehabilitation centers so that they can redeem themselves. There is another function of police and that is rendering help to the people who are in crisis to assure them of their safety. (Eck & Rosenbaum, 7) Efficiency is about police organization and management. The resources of the police include equipments, facilities and personnel. The primary task of the ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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